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Pteropus  Brisson, 1762
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180032

(Download Help) Pteropus TSN 180032

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Common Name(s): flying foxes [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2014   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderChiroptera Blumenbach, 1779 – morcego, quiróptero, bats  
                                  SuborderYinpterochiroptera Springer, Teeling, Madsen, Stanhope and Jong, 2001  
                                     FamilyPteropodidae Gray, 1821 – flying foxes, Old World fruit bats  
                                        SubfamilyPteropodinae Gray, 1821 – Old World fruit bats  
                                           GenusPteropus Brisson, 1762 – flying foxes  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Species Pteropus admiralitatum Thomas, 1894 – admiralty flying fox, Admirality flying fox, Admiralty Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus aldabrensis True, 1893 – Aldabra flying fox, Aldabra Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus alecto Temminck, 1837 – black flying fox, Black Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus allenorum Helgen, Helgen and Wilson, 2009 – Small Samoan Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus anetianus (Gray, 1870) – Vanauatu flying fox, Vanuatu Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus aruensis Peters, 1867 – Aru Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus brunneus Dobson, 1878 – dusky flying fox, Dusky Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus caniceps Gray, 1870 – north Moluccan flying fox, North Moluccan Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus capistratus Peters, 1876 – Bismark Masked Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus chrysoproctus Temminck, 1837 – Moluccan flying fox, Moluccan Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus cognatus K. Andersen, 1908 – Makira Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus conspicillatus Gould, 1850 – spectacled flying fox, Spectacled Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus coxi Helgen, Helgen and Wilson, 2009 – Large Samoan Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus dasymallus Temminck, 1825 – Ryukyu flying fox, Ryukyu Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus faunulus Miller, 1902 – Nicobar flying fox, Nicobar Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus fundatus Felten and Kock, 1972 – Banks flying fox, Banks Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus giganteus (Brünnich, 1782) – Indian flying fox, Indian Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus gilliardorum Van Deusen, 1969 – Gilliard's Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus griseus (E. Geoffroy, 1810) – gray flying fox, Gray Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus howensis Troughton, 1931 – Ontong Java flying fox, Ontong Java Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus hypomelanus Temminck, 1853 – variable flying fox, Variable Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus insularis Hombron and Jacquinot, 1842 – ruck flying fox, Truk flying fox, Ruck Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus intermedius K. Andersen, 1908 – Andersen's Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus keyensis Peters, 1867 – Kei Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus livingstonii Gray, 1866 – Comoro black flying fox, Comoro Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus lombocensis Dobson, 1878 – Lombok flying fox, Lombok Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus loochoensis Gray, 1870 – Japanese Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus lylei K. Andersen, 1908 – Lyle's flying fox, Lyle's Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus macrotis Peters, 1867 – big-eared flying fox, Big-eared Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus mahaganus Sanborn, 1931 – Sanborn's flying fox, Sanborn's Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus mariannus Desmarest, 1822 – Marianas flying fox, Mariana flying fox, Mariana fruit bat, Marianas Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus melanopogon Peters, 1867 – black-bearded flying fox, Black-bearded Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus melanotus Blyth, 1863 – black-eared flying fox, Black-eared Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus molossinus Temminck, 1853 – Caroline flying fox, Ponape flying fox, Caroline Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus neohibernicus Peters, 1876 – great flying fox, Great Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus niger (Kerr, 1792) – Greater Mascarene Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus nitendiensis Sanborn, 1930 – Temotu Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus ocularis Peters, 1867 – Ceram flying fox, Seram Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus ornatus Gray, 1870 – ornate flying fox, Ornate Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus pelewensis K. Andersen, 1908 – Pelew Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus personatus Temminck, 1825 – masked flying fox, Moluccan Masked Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus pilosus K. Andersen, 1908 – large Palau flying fox, Palau flying fox, Large Pelew Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus pohlei Stein, 1933 – Geelvink Bay flying fox, Geelvink Bay Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus poliocephalus Temminck, 1825 – gray-headed flying fox, Gray-headed Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus pselaphon Lay, 1829 – Bonin flying fox, Bonin Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus pumilus Miller, 1910 – little golden-mantled flying fox, Little Golden-mantled Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus rayneri Gray, 1870 – Solomons flying fox, Solomons Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus rennelli Troughton, 1929 – Rennell Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus rodricensis Dobson, 1878 – Rodriguez flying fox, flying fox, Rodrigues fruit bat, Rodrigues Island flying fox, Rodrigues Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus rufus E. Geoffroy, 1803 – Madagascan flying fox, Malagasy Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus samoensis Peale, 1848 – Samoan flying fox, Samoa flying fox, Samoan Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus scapulatus Peters, 1862 – little red flying fox, Little Red Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus seychellensis A. Milne-Edwards, 1878 – Seychelles flying fox, Seychelles Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus speciosus K. Andersen, 1908 – Philippine gray flying fox, Philippine Gray Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus subniger (Kerr, 1792) – dark flying fox, Dark Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus temminckii Peters, 1867 – Temminck's Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus tokudae Tate, 1934 – Guam flying fox, Tokuda's flying fox, Guam Flying Fox, little Mariana fruit bat 
                                              Species Pteropus tonganus Quoy and Gaimard, 1830 – Pacific flying fox, insular flying fox, Pacific Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus tuberculatus Peters, 1869 – Vanikoro flying fox, Vanikoro Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus ualanus Peters, 1883 – Kosrae Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus vampyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) – large flying fox, Large Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus vetulus Jouan, 1863 – New Caledonia flying fox, New Caledonian Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus voeltzkowi Matschie, 1909 – Pemba flying fox, Pemba Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus woodfordi Thomas, 1888 – dwarf flying fox, Dwarf Flying Fox 
                                              Species Pteropus yapensis K. Andersen, 1908 – Yap Flying Fox 

  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Pteropus    
  Expert: Don E. Wilson  
  Notes: Smithsonian Institution, MRC 108 Washington DC 20560-0108   
  Reference for: Pteropus    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Checklist of CITES species: Index of CITES species, document (version 2013)  
  Acquired: 2013   
  Notes: UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2013. Checklist of CITES species. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Available online at   
  Reference for: Pteropus   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Pteropus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Pteropus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Simmons, Nancy B. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Order Chiroptera   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 312-529   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Pteropus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Pteropus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Comments: The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature ruled in favor of rejecting Brisson (1762), but conserved several of the generic names including Pteropus (Opinion 1894, ICZN 1998). Formerly included arquatus and leucotis which were transferred to Acerodon by Musser et al. (1982a). Species groups follow Koopman (1994)  
    CITES: Appendix II except Pteropus brunneus and the species included in Appendix I, per 2013 Checklist of CITES species: Index of CITES species published with amendments to the Appendices and changes in standard scientific nomenclature following the 16th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Bangkok, 2013). For current status see  



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