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Viola  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 22030

(Download Help) Viola TSN 22030

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): violettes [French]
 
    violet [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: unknown   
  Latest Record Review: 2011   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
          SuperdivisionEmbryophyta   
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                   ClassMagnoliopsida   
                      SuperorderRosanae   
                         OrderMalpighiales   
                            FamilyViolaceae  – violets, violettes  
                               GenusViola L. – violettes, violet  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Viola adunca Sm. – blue violet, hook violet, hookedspur violet 
                                  Species Viola arvensis Murray – field violet, wild pansy, European field pansy 
                                  Species Viola bakeri Greene – Baker's violet 
                                  Species Viola beckwithii Torr. & A. Gray – Beckwith's violet 
                                  Species Viola bicolor Pursh – field pansy 
                                  Species Viola biflora L. – arctic yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola X bissellii House – Bissell's violet 
                                  Species Viola blanda Willd. – sweet white violet 
                                  Species Viola X brauniae Grover ex Cooperr. – Braun's violet 
                                  Species Viola canadensis L. – Canadian white violet, Canada violet 
                                  Species Viola canina L. – heath dog violet, dog violet 
                                  Species Viola chamissoniana Ging. – olopu 
                                  Species Viola X champlainensis House  
                                  Species Viola charlestonensis M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen – Charleston Mountain violet, limestone violet 
                                  Species Viola clauseniana Baker – Clausen's violet 
                                  Species Viola X conjugens Greene (pro sp.) – northern bog violet 
                                  Species Viola X consobrina House – violet 
                                  Species Viola X consocia House – violet 
                                  Species Viola X cooperrideri H.E. Ballard  
                                  Species Viola X cordifolia (Nutt.) Schwein. (pro sp.) – violet 
                                  Species Viola cucullata Aiton – marsh blue violet 
                                  Species Viola cuneata S. Watson – wedgeleaf violet 
                                  Species Viola X davisii House – Davis' violet 
                                  Species Viola X dissita House  
                                  Species Viola douglasii Steud. – Douglas' golden violet 
                                  Species Viola X eamesii House – Eames' violet 
                                  Species Viola X eclipes H.E. Ballard – violet 
                                  Species Viola epipsila Ledeb. – dwarf marsh violet 
                                  Species Viola X filicetorum Greene (pro sp.) – violet 
                                  Species Viola flettii Piper – Flett's violet, Olympic violet 
                                  Species Viola frank-smithii N.H. Holmgren – Frank-Smith's violet 
                                  Species Viola glabella Nutt. – pioneer violet 
                                  Species Viola X greenmanii House  
                                  Species Viola guadalupensis A.M. Powell & Wauer – Guadalupe Mountain violet, Guadalupe violet 
                                  Species Viola hallii A. Gray – Oregon violet 
                                  Species Viola hastata Michx. – halberdleaf yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola helenae C.N. Forbes & Lydgate – Wahiawa stream violet 
                                  Species Viola hirsutula Brainerd – southern woodland violet 
                                  Species Viola X hollickii House – Hollick's violet 
                                  Species Viola howellii A. Gray – Howell's violet 
                                  Species Viola X insessa House  
                                  Species Viola X insolita House – violet 
                                  Species Viola kauaensis A. Gray – pohe hiwa 
                                  Species Viola labradorica Schrank – alpine violet 
                                  Species Viola lanaiensis W. Becker – Hawai'i violet 
                                  Species Viola lanceolata L. – lanceleaf violet, bog white violet 
                                  Species Viola langsdorffii Fisch. ex Ging. – Aleutian violet 
                                  Species Viola lithion N.H. Holmgren & P.K. Holmgren – rock violet 
                                  Species Viola lobata Benth. – pine violet 
                                  Species Viola X luciae Skottsb. – Lucy's violet 
                                  Species Viola macloskeyi F.E. Lloyd – Macloskey's violet, small white violet 
                                  Species Viola X malteana House – violet 
                                  Species Viola maviensis H. Mann – Hawai'i bog violet 
                                  Species Viola X melissifolia Greene  
                                  Species Viola mirabilis L. – wonder violet 
                                  Species Viola X mistura House (pro sp.) – violet 
                                  Species Viola X modesta House – violet 
                                  Species Viola X mollicula House  
                                  Species Viola X mulfordiae Pollard (pro sp.) – Mulford's violet 
                                  Species Viola X napae House  
                                  Species Viola X notabilis E.P. Bicknell (pro sp.) – violet 
                                  Species Viola nuttallii Pursh – yellow prairie violet, Nuttall's violet 
                                  Species Viola oahuensis C.N. Forbes – Oahu violet 
                                  Species Viola ocellata Torr. & A. Gray – pinto violet 
                                  Species Viola odorata L. – sweet violet 
                                  Species Viola orbiculata Geyer ex Holz. – darkwoods violet 
                                  Species Viola palmata L. – trilobed violet, three-lobe violet, wood violet, early blue violet 
                                  Species Viola palustris L. – marsh violet 
                                  Species Viola patrinii DC. – China violet 
                                  Species Viola pedata L. – birdfoot violet 
                                  Species Viola pedatifida G. Don – crow-foot violet, prairie violet 
                                  Species Viola pedunculata Torr. & A. Gray – Johnny-jump-up 
                                  Species Viola pinetorum Greene – goosefoot yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola X populifolia Greene (pro sp.) – Peck's violet 
                                  Species Viola X porteriana Pollard (pro sp.) – Porter's violet 
                                  Species Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. – Astoria violet, canary violet 
                                  Species Viola primulifolia L.  
                                  Species Viola pubescens Aiton – downy yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola purpurea Kellogg – goose-foot yellow violet, pine violet, goosefoot violet 
                                  Species Viola X ravida House – violet 
                                  Species Viola X redacta House – violet 
                                  Species Viola renifolia A. Gray – northern white violet, white violet 
                                  Species Viola X robinsoniana House  
                                  Species Viola rostrata Pursh – long-spur violet, violette à long éperon, longspur violet 
                                  Species Viola rotundifolia Michx. – roundleaf violet, violette à feuilles rondes, roundleaf yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola X ryoniae House – Ryon's violet 
                                  Species Viola sagittata Aiton – arrow-leaved violet, violette sagittée, arrowleaf violet 
                                  Species Viola selkirkii Pursh ex Goldie – Selkirk's violet 
                                  Species Viola sempervirens Greene – evergreen violet 
                                  Species Viola septemloba Leconte – southern coastal violet 
                                  Species Viola sheltonii Torr. – Shelton's violet 
                                  Species Viola X slavinii House – Slavin's violet 
                                  Species Viola sororia Willd. – hooded blue violet, common blue violet 
                                  Species Viola striata Aiton – striped cream violet 
                                  Species Viola X subaffinis House  
                                  Species Viola sublanceolata House (pro. hybr.) – lanceleaf violet 
                                  Species Viola X subsinuata (Greene) Greene (pro sp.)  
                                  Species Viola tomentosa M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen – feltleaf violet 
                                  Species Viola tricolor L. – pansy violet, Johnny-jump-up 
                                  Species Viola trinervata (Howell) Howell ex A. Gray – Rainier violet 
                                  Species Viola tripartita Elliott – threepart violet 
                                  Species Viola umbraticola Kunth – Ponderosa violet 
                                  Species Viola utahensis M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen – Utah violet 
                                  Species Viola vallicola A. Nelson – valley violet, sagebrush violet 
                                  Species Viola villosa Walter – violet, Carolina violet 
                                  Species Viola wailenalenae (Rock) Skottsb. – Alakai Swamp violet 
                                  Species Viola walteri House – prostrate blue violet 
                                  Species Viola X wittrockiana Gams. – Wittrock's violet 
                                  Species Viola X wujekii H.E. Ballard  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: violettes[French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Viola   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Viola   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Viola   
       
  Source: Violaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Viola   
       
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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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