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Viola  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 22030

(Download Help) Viola TSN 22030

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Common Name(s): violettes [French]
    violet [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: unknown   
  Latest Record Review: 2011   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                            FamilyViolaceae  – violets, violettes  
                               GenusViola L. – violettes, violet  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Viola adunca Sm. – blue violet, hook violet, hookedspur violet 
                                  Species Viola arvensis Murray – field violet, wild pansy, European field pansy 
                                  Species Viola bakeri Greene – Baker's violet 
                                  Species Viola beckwithii Torr. & A. Gray – Beckwith's violet 
                                  Species Viola bicolor Pursh – field pansy 
                                  Species Viola biflora L. – arctic yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola X bissellii House – Bissell's violet 
                                  Species Viola blanda Willd. – sweet white violet 
                                  Species Viola X brauniae Grover ex Cooperr. – Braun's violet 
                                  Species Viola canadensis L. – Canadian white violet, Canada violet 
                                  Species Viola canina L. – heath dog violet, dog violet 
                                  Species Viola chamissoniana Ging. – olopu 
                                  Species Viola X champlainensis House  
                                  Species Viola charlestonensis M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen – Charleston Mountain violet, limestone violet 
                                  Species Viola clauseniana Baker – Clausen's violet 
                                  Species Viola X conjugens Greene (pro sp.) – northern bog violet 
                                  Species Viola X consobrina House – violet 
                                  Species Viola X consocia House – violet 
                                  Species Viola X cooperrideri H.E. Ballard  
                                  Species Viola X cordifolia (Nutt.) Schwein. (pro sp.) – violet 
                                  Species Viola cucullata Aiton – marsh blue violet 
                                  Species Viola cuneata S. Watson – wedgeleaf violet 
                                  Species Viola X davisii House – Davis' violet 
                                  Species Viola X dissita House  
                                  Species Viola douglasii Steud. – Douglas' golden violet 
                                  Species Viola X eamesii House – Eames' violet 
                                  Species Viola X eclipes H.E. Ballard – violet 
                                  Species Viola epipsila Ledeb. – dwarf marsh violet 
                                  Species Viola X filicetorum Greene (pro sp.) – violet 
                                  Species Viola flettii Piper – Flett's violet, Olympic violet 
                                  Species Viola frank-smithii N.H. Holmgren – Frank-Smith's violet 
                                  Species Viola glabella Nutt. – pioneer violet 
                                  Species Viola X greenmanii House  
                                  Species Viola guadalupensis A.M. Powell & Wauer – Guadalupe Mountain violet, Guadalupe violet 
                                  Species Viola hallii A. Gray – Oregon violet 
                                  Species Viola hastata Michx. – halberdleaf yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola helenae C.N. Forbes & Lydgate – Wahiawa stream violet 
                                  Species Viola hirsutula Brainerd – southern woodland violet 
                                  Species Viola X hollickii House – Hollick's violet 
                                  Species Viola howellii A. Gray – Howell's violet 
                                  Species Viola X insessa House  
                                  Species Viola X insolita House – violet 
                                  Species Viola kauaensis A. Gray – pohe hiwa 
                                  Species Viola labradorica Schrank – alpine violet 
                                  Species Viola lanaiensis W. Becker – Hawai'i violet 
                                  Species Viola lanceolata L. – lanceleaf violet, bog white violet 
                                  Species Viola langsdorffii Fisch. ex Ging. – Aleutian violet 
                                  Species Viola lithion N.H. Holmgren & P.K. Holmgren – rock violet 
                                  Species Viola lobata Benth. – pine violet 
                                  Species Viola X luciae Skottsb. – Lucy's violet 
                                  Species Viola macloskeyi F.E. Lloyd – Macloskey's violet, small white violet 
                                  Species Viola X malteana House – violet 
                                  Species Viola maviensis H. Mann – Hawai'i bog violet 
                                  Species Viola X melissifolia Greene  
                                  Species Viola mirabilis L. – wonder violet 
                                  Species Viola X mistura House (pro sp.) – violet 
                                  Species Viola X modesta House – violet 
                                  Species Viola X mollicula House  
                                  Species Viola X mulfordiae Pollard (pro sp.) – Mulford's violet 
                                  Species Viola X napae House  
                                  Species Viola X notabilis E.P. Bicknell (pro sp.) – violet 
                                  Species Viola nuttallii Pursh – yellow prairie violet, Nuttall's violet 
                                  Species Viola oahuensis C.N. Forbes – Oahu violet 
                                  Species Viola ocellata Torr. & A. Gray – pinto violet 
                                  Species Viola odorata L. – sweet violet 
                                  Species Viola orbiculata Geyer ex Holz. – darkwoods violet 
                                  Species Viola palmata L. – trilobed violet, three-lobe violet, wood violet, early blue violet 
                                  Species Viola palustris L. – marsh violet 
                                  Species Viola patrinii DC. – China violet 
                                  Species Viola pedata L. – birdfoot violet 
                                  Species Viola pedatifida G. Don – crow-foot violet, prairie violet 
                                  Species Viola pedunculata Torr. & A. Gray – Johnny-jump-up 
                                  Species Viola pinetorum Greene – goosefoot yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola X populifolia Greene (pro sp.) – Peck's violet 
                                  Species Viola X porteriana Pollard (pro sp.) – Porter's violet 
                                  Species Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. – Astoria violet, canary violet 
                                  Species Viola primulifolia L.  
                                  Species Viola pubescens Aiton – downy yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola purpurea Kellogg – goose-foot yellow violet, pine violet, goosefoot violet 
                                  Species Viola X ravida House – violet 
                                  Species Viola X redacta House – violet 
                                  Species Viola renifolia A. Gray – northern white violet, white violet 
                                  Species Viola X robinsoniana House  
                                  Species Viola rostrata Pursh – long-spur violet, violette à long éperon, longspur violet 
                                  Species Viola rotundifolia Michx. – roundleaf violet, violette à feuilles rondes, roundleaf yellow violet 
                                  Species Viola X ryoniae House – Ryon's violet 
                                  Species Viola sagittata Aiton – arrow-leaved violet, violette sagittée, arrowleaf violet 
                                  Species Viola selkirkii Pursh ex Goldie – Selkirk's violet 
                                  Species Viola sempervirens Greene – evergreen violet 
                                  Species Viola septemloba Leconte – southern coastal violet 
                                  Species Viola sheltonii Torr. – Shelton's violet 
                                  Species Viola X slavinii House – Slavin's violet 
                                  Species Viola sororia Willd. – hooded blue violet, common blue violet 
                                  Species Viola striata Aiton – striped cream violet 
                                  Species Viola X subaffinis House  
                                  Species Viola sublanceolata House (pro. hybr.) – lanceleaf violet 
                                  Species Viola X subsinuata (Greene) Greene (pro sp.)  
                                  Species Viola tomentosa M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen – feltleaf violet 
                                  Species Viola tricolor L. – pansy violet, Johnny-jump-up 
                                  Species Viola trinervata (Howell) Howell ex A. Gray – Rainier violet 
                                  Species Viola tripartita Elliott – threepart violet 
                                  Species Viola umbraticola Kunth – Ponderosa violet 
                                  Species Viola utahensis M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen – Utah violet 
                                  Species Viola vallicola A. Nelson – valley violet, sagebrush violet 
                                  Species Viola villosa Walter – violet, Carolina violet 
                                  Species Viola wailenalenae (Rock) Skottsb. – Alakai Swamp violet 
                                  Species Viola walteri House – prostrate blue violet 
                                  Species Viola X wittrockiana Gams. – Wittrock's violet 
                                  Species Viola X wujekii H.E. Ballard  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: violettes[French]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Viola   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Viola   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Viola   
  Source: Violaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Viola   
  Publication Date:    
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:    
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 Geographic Information
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