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Crataegus  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 24539

(Download Help) Crataegus TSN 24539

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Mespilus L.
 
    Crataegus merita Sarg.
 
    Crataegus michauxii Pers.
 
  Common Name(s): hawthorns [English]
 
    aubépines [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2011   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
          SuperdivisionEmbryophyta   
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                   ClassMagnoliopsida   
                      SuperorderRosanae   
                         OrderRosales   
                            FamilyRosaceae  – roses  
                               GenusCrataegus L. – hawthorns, aubépines  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Crataegus aemula Beadle – Rome hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus aestivalis (Walter) Torr. & A. Gray – may hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus alabamensis Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus allegheniensis Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus ambigua C.A. Mey. ex A.K. Becker  
                                  Species Crataegus ambitiosa Sarg. – Grand Rapids hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus anamesa Sarg. – Fort Bend hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus ancisa Beadle – Mississippi hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus annosa Beadle – Phoenix City hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus antimina Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus aprica Beadle – sunny hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus aquacervensis J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon – Elkwater hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus arborescens Elliott  
                                  Species Crataegus arbutifolia Lam.  
                                  Species Crataegus arcana Beadle – Carolina hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus ashei Beadle – Ashe's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus ater Ashe – Nashville hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus atrorubens Ashe  
                                  Species Crataegus atrovirens J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon  
                                  Species Crataegus attrita Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus austromontana Beadle – valley head hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus azarolus L. – azarole, Mediterranean-medlar 
                                  Species Crataegus beadlei Ashe – Beadle's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus beata Sarg. – Dunbar's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus berberifolia Torr. & A. Gray – barberry hawthorn, barberry-leaved hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus bicknellii Eggl.  
                                  Species Crataegus biltmoreana Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus brachyacantha Sarg. & Engelm. – blueberry hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus brachyphylla Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus brainerdii Sarg. – aubépine de Brainerd, Brainerd's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus brazoria Sarg. – Brazos hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X brevipes Peck (pro sp.) – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus brittonii Eggl. – Britton's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus buckleyi Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus bullatus Boiss. – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik. – pear hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X canescens (J.B. Phipps) T.A. Dickinson & E.Y.Y. Lo  
                                  Species Crataegus carrollensis Sarg. – Eureka Springs hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus castlegarensis J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon – Castlegar hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus chlorosarca Maxim.  
                                  Species Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe – fireberry hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus coccinea L. – scarlet hawthorn, red-fruited hawthorn, red haw 
                                  Species Crataegus coccinioides Ashe – Kansas hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus cognata Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus coleae Sarg. – Cole's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus collicola Ashe  
                                  Species Crataegus collina Chapm. – Hillside hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus colonica Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus compacta Sarg. – clustered hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus condigna Beadle – river junction hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus contrita Beadle – southern hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus corusca Sarg. – shiningbranch hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus craytonii Beadle – Crayton's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus crocea Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus crus-galli L. – aubépine ergot-de-coq, bush hawthorn, cockspur hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus cuneata Siebold & Zucc. – Chinese hawthorn, Nippon hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus cupressocollina J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon – Cypress Hills hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus dahurica Koehne ex C.K. Schneid.  
                                  Species Crataegus dallasiana Sarg. – Dallas hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus delawarensis Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus desueta Sarg. – New York hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus dispar Beadle – Aiken hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus disperma Ashe – spreading hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus dispessa Ashe – mink hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus distincta Kruschke – distinct hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus dodgei Ashe – Dodge's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus douglasii Lindl. – river hawthorn, black hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus egens Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus egregia Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus enderbyensis J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon  
                                  Species Crataegus erythrocarpa Ashe – red hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus erythropoda Ashe – cerro hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus exilis Beadle – slender hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus extraria Beadle – Marietta hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus fecunda Sarg. – fecund hawthorn, clair hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus fernaldii Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus flabellata (Bosc ex Spach) K. Koch – fanleaf hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus flava Aiton – yellow hawthorn, yellowleaf hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus florens Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus floridana Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus florifera Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus fluviatilis Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus formosa Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus fragilis Beadle – fragile hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus fretalis Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus frugiferens Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus furtiva Beadle – Albany hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus galbana Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus gattingeri Ashe – Gattinger's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus gaylussacia A. Heller – Huckleberry hawthorn, Suksdorf's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus germanica (L.) Kuntze – medlar, common medlar 
                                  Species Crataegus X gillotii (Beck) T.A. Dickinson & E.Y.Y. Lo  
                                  Species Crataegus glareosa Ashe – Port Huron hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus grandis Ashe – grand hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus greggiana Eggl. – Gregg's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X grignonensis Mouill.  
                                  Species Crataegus X haemacarpa Ashe (pro sp.) – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus harbisonii Beadle – Harbison's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus helvina Ashe – Clarkton hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus holmesiana Ashe – Holmes' hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X hudsonica Sarg. (pro sp.) – Hudson hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus ideae Sarg. – Concord hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus ignava Beadle – Bedford Springs hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X immanis Ashe (pro sp.) – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus impar Beadle – redclay hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus inanis Beadle – oldmaid hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X incaedua Sarg. (pro sp.) – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus indicens Ashe – Mansfield hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus integra Beadle – Lake Ella hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus intricata Lange – Biltmore hawthorn, Copenhagen hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus invicta Beadle – Fulton hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus iracunda Beadle – stolonbearing hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus irrasa Sarg. – Blanchard's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus jesupii Sarg. – Jesup's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus jonesiae Sarg. – Miss Jones' hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus kansuensis E.H. Wilson  
                                  Species Crataegus kelloggii Sarg. – Kellogg's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X kennedyi Sarg. (pro sp.) – Kennedy's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus kingstonensis Sarg. – Kingston's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus knieskerniana Sarg. – Knieskern's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus lacrimata Small – Pensacola hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC. – smooth hawthorn, English hawthorn, whitethorn, woodland hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus lanata Beadle – hoary hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus lancei J.B. Phipps  
                                  Species Crataegus X laneyi Sarg. (pro sp.) – Laney's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus lanuginosa Sarg. – woolly hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus lassa Beadle – Florida hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus latebrosa Sarg. – densewoods hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus laurentiana Sarg. – Laurentian hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X lauta Sarg. (pro sp.)  
                                  Species Crataegus X lavallei Hérincq ex Lavallée  
                                  Species Crataegus leonensis E.J. Palmer  
                                  Species Crataegus lepida Beadle – dwarf hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus levis Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus limata Beadle – Warm Springs hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus lucorum Sarg. – grove hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus lumaria Ashe – roundleaf hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus macracantha Lodd. ex Louden – large-thorn hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus macrosperma Ashe – bigfruit hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus magniflora Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus X maligna Sarg. (pro sp.) – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus margarettae Ashe – Margarett's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus marshallii Eggl. – parsley hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus maximowiczii C.K. Schneid.  
                                  Species Crataegus X media Bechst.  
                                  Species Crataegus membranacea Sarg. – tissueleaf hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus menandiana Sarg. – Menand's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus mendosa Beadle – Albertville hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus meridiana Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus mexicana DC. – tejocote, Mexican hawthorn, manzanita tejocotera 
                                  Species Crataegus mira Beadle – confederate hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus mollis (Torr. & A. Gray) Scheele – Arnold hawthorn, red hawthorn, downy hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus monogyna Jacq. – singleseed hawthorn, oneseed hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X mordenensis Boom  
                                  Species Crataegus multiflora Bunge – inkberry hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus munda Beadle – Batesburg hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus nananixonii J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon – Nixon's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus neobushii Sarg. – Bush's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus nigra Waldst. & Kit.  
                                  Species Crataegus nitida (Engelm. ex Britton & A. Br.) Sarg. – glossy hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus nitidula Sarg. – Ontario hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X notha Sarg. (pro hybr.) – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus nuda Sarg. – nude hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus oakesiana Eggl.  
                                  Species Crataegus okanaganensis J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon – Okanagan Valley hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus okennonii J.B. Phipps – O'Kennon's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus opaca Hook. & Arn. – riverflat hawthorn, western mayhaw, apple haw 
                                  Species Crataegus opima Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus opulens Sarg. – Rochester hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus orbicularis J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon  
                                  Species Crataegus orientalis Pall. ex M. Bieb.  
                                  Species Crataegus ouachitensis E.J. Palmer – Ouachita hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus padifolia Sarg. – bird-cherry hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus paludosa Sarg. – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus pearsonii Ashe – Pearson's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X peckietta Sarg. (pro sp.) – Peck's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus penita Beadle – Great Smoky Mountain hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus pennsylvanica Ashe – Pennsylvania hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus pentagyna Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.  
                                  Species Crataegus pequotorum Sarg. – Connecticut hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus perjucunda Sarg. – pearthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus persimilis Sarg. – plumleaf hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus pexa Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus phaenopyrum (L. f.) Medik. – Washington hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus phippsii O'Kennon – Phipps' hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X pilosa Sarg. (pro sp.) – pilose hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus pinetorum Beadle – pineland hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge – Chinese haw, Chinese hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus populnea Ashe  
                                  Species Crataegus porrecta Ashe – Pittsburgh hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus pratensis Sarg. – prairie hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus prona Ashe – Illinois hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch – frosted hawthorn, waxyfruit hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X puberis Sarg. (pro sp.) – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus pulcherrima Ashe – beautiful hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus punctata Jacq. – dotted hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus purpurella J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon – Loch Lomond hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus putata Sarg. – Scranton hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus quaesita Beadle – gulf hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus ravida Ashe – jeweled hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus reverchonii Sarg. – Reverchon's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus rhipidophylla Gand.  
                                  Species Crataegus rhodella Ashe – Franklin's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus rigens Beadle – Gadsden hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus rivularis Nutt. – river hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus rivuloadamensis J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon – Adams Creek hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus rivulopugnensis J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon – Battle Creek hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus robinsonii Sarg. – Robinson's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus roribacca Ashe  
                                  Species Crataegus rubella Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus X rubrocarnea Sarg. (pro sp.) – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus rufula Sarg. – rusty hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus saligna Greene – willow hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus sanguinea Pall.  
                                  Species Crataegus sargentii Beadle – Sargent's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus scabrida Sarg. – rough hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus schizophylla Eggl.  
                                  Species Crataegus schuettei Ashe – Schuette's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus segnis Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus senta Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus shaferi Sarg. – Shafer's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus sheila-phippsiae J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon  
                                  Species Crataegus sheridana A. Nelson – Great plains hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus shuswapensis J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon  
                                  Species Crataegus sicca Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus X simulata Sarg. – hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus sororia Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus spathulata Michx. – littlehip hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus spatiosa Sarg. – New London hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus spissa Sarg. – Essex hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus stenosepala Sarg. – duke hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus stolonifera Sarg.  
                                  Species Crataegus stonei Sarg. – Stone's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus submollis Sarg. – Quebec hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus suborbiculata Sarg. – Caughuawaga hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link – fleshy hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus tanacetifolia (Poir.) Pers.  
                                  Species Crataegus tanuphylla Sarg. – keystone hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus teres Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus texana Buckley – Texas hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus thermopegaea E.J. Palmer – graceful hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus tinctoria Ashe – dyed hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus tracyi Ashe ex Eggl. – mountain hawthorn, Tracy's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus triflora Chapm. – threeflower hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus turnerorum Enquist – Turner's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus uniflora Münchh. – oneflower hawthorn, dwarf hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus ursopedensis J.B. Phipps & O'Kennon – Bears Paw hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus vailiae Britton – Miss Vail's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus valida Beadle – Rockmart hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus venusta Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus viridis L. – green hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus visenda Beadle  
                                  Species Crataegus vulsa Beadle – Alabama hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus wattiana Hemsl. & Lace  
                                  Species Crataegus X websteri Sarg. – Webster's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus X whitakeri Sarg. (pro hybr.)  
                                  Species Crataegus williamsii Eggl. – Williams' hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus wootoniana Eggl. – Wooton's hawthorn 
                                  Species Crataegus xanthophylla Sarg. – buffalo hawthorn 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: aubépines[French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Crataegus   
       
  Source: Rosaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Crataegus   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Crataegus   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Crataegus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Lo, Eugenia Y. Y., Sasa Stefanovic, and Timothy A. Dickinson  
  Publication Date: 2007   
  Article/Chapter Title: Molecular reappraisal of relationships between Crataegus and Mespilus (Rosaceae, Pyreae) - two genera or one?   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Systematic Botany, vol. 32, no. 3   
  Page(s): 596-616   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0363-6445   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Crataegus   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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