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Geranium caespitosum  E. James
Taxonomic Serial No.: 29130

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Geranium marginale Rydb. ex Hanks & Small
    Geranium parryi (Engelm.) A. Heller
    Geranium atropurpureum A. Heller
    Geranium eremophilum Wooton & Standl.
    Geranium fremontii Torr. ex A. Gray
    Geranium cowenii Rydb.
    Geranium toquimense A.H. Holmgren & N.H. Holmgren
    Geranium caespitosum ssp. atropurpureum (A. Heller) W.A. Weber
    Geranium atropurpureum var. atropurpureum A. Heller
    Geranium atropurpureum var. cowenii (Rydb.) Dorn
    Geranium caespitosum var. caespitosum E. James
    Geranium caespitosum var. eremophilum (Wooton & Standl.) W.C. Martin & C.R. Hutchins
    Geranium caespitosum var. fremontii (Torr. ex A. Gray) Dorn
    Geranium caespitosum var. parryi (Engelm.) W.A. Weber
    Geranium fremontii var. cowenii (Rydb.) H.D. Harr.
    Geranium fremontii var. parryi Engelm.
  Common Name(s): purple cluster geranium [English]
    tufted geranium [English]
    pineywoods geranium [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                            FamilyGeraniaceae  – geraniums  
                               GenusGeranium L. – geranium  
                                  SpeciesGeranium caespitosum E. James – purple cluster geranium, tufted geranium, pineywoods geranium  

  Expert: Carlos Aedo Pérez  
  Notes: Investigador, Real Jardín Botánico (MA), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Pza. de Murillo, 2, 28014 Madrid. Spain   
  Reference for: Geranium caespitosum    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Geraniales of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Geranium caespitosum   
  Source: Geranium Taxonomic Information System, database (version 2012)  
  Acquired: 2012   
  Notes: Aedo C., Geranium Taxonomic Information System, April 2012.   
  Reference for: Geranium caespitosum   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Geranium caespitosum   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Geranium caespitosum   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Geranium caespitosum   
  Publication Date:    
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:    
  Publication Place:    
  Reference for:    

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  






 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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