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Xanthium strumarium  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 38692

(Download Help) Xanthium strumarium TSN 38692

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Xanthium chinense Mill.
    Xanthium acerosum Greene
    Xanthium americanum Walter
    Xanthium californicum Greene
    Xanthium calvum Millsp. & Sherff
    Xanthium campestre Greene
    Xanthium canadense Mill.
    Xanthium cavanillesii Schouw
    Xanthium cenchroides Millsp. & Sherff
    Xanthium chasei Fernald
    Xanthium commune Britton
    Xanthium curvescens Millsp. & Sherff
    Xanthium cylindraceum Millsp. & Sherff
    Xanthium echinatum Murray
    Xanthium echinellum Greene
    Xanthium glanduliferum Greene
    Xanthium globosum Shull
    Xanthium inflexum Mack. & Bush
    Xanthium italicum Moretti
    Xanthium macounii Britton
    Xanthium occidentale Bertol.
    Xanthium oligacanthum Piper
    Xanthium orientale L.
    Xanthium oviforme Wallr.
    Xanthium pensylvanicum Wallr.
    Xanthium saccharatum Wallr.
    Xanthium speciosum Kearney
    Xanthium varians Greene
    Xanthium wootonii Cockerell
    Xanthium strumarium ssp. italicum (Moretti) D. Löve
    Xanthium strumarium var. canadense (Mill.) Torr. & A. Gray
    Xanthium strumarium var. glabratum (DC.) Cronquist
    Xanthium strumarium var. strumarium L.
    Xanthium californicum var. rotundifolium Widder
    Xanthium macrocarpum var. glabratum DC.
    Xanthium strumarium var. oviforme (Wallr.) M. Peck
    Xanthium strumarium var. pensylvanicum (Wallr.) M. Peck
    Xanthium strumarium var. wootonii (Cockerell) W.C. Martin & C.R. Hutchins
  Common Name(s): rough cocklebur [English]
    Canada cocklebur [English]
    cocklebur [English]
    common cocklebur [English]
    rough cockleburr [English]
    cockleburr [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                            FamilyAsteraceae  – sunflowers, tournesols  
                               GenusXanthium L. – cocklebur  
                                  SpeciesXanthium strumarium L. – rough cocklebur, Canada cocklebur, cocklebur, common cocklebur, rough cockleburr, cockleburr  

  Expert: John L. Strother  
  Notes: University Herbarium, University of California, 1001 Valley Life Sciences Bldg. #2465, Berkeley, CA 94720-2465, USA   
  Reference for: Xanthium strumarium    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Asteraceae of North America Update, database (version 2010.5.13)  
  Acquired: 2010   
  Notes: Update coordinated by the International Compositae Alliance (TICA) ( through the Smithsonian Institution in collaboration with the USDA National Plant Data Center   
  Reference for: Xanthium strumarium   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Xanthium strumarium   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Xanthium strumarium   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Xanthium strumarium   
  Publication Date:    
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:    
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  Reference for:    

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Oceania  
    North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Caribbean Territories, Introduced  
    Hawaii, Introduced  
    Canada, Native  






 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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