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Malus domestica  (Suckow) Borkh.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 516655

(Download Help) Malus domestica TSN 516655

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Malus pumila Mill.
 
    Malus communis Poir.
 
    Malus malus (L.) Britton
 
    Pyrus malus L.
 
    Pyrus pumila (Mill.) K. Koch
 
    Malus sylvestris auct. non (L.) Mill.
 
    Malus praecox (Pall.) Borkh.
 
    Pyrus malus var. paradisiaca L.
 
    Malus pumila var. niedzwetzkyana (Dieck) C.K. Schneid.
 
    Malus sylvestris var. praecox (Pall.) Ponomar.
 
    Malus paradisiaca (L.) Medikus
 
    Pyrus malus var. domestica Suckow
 
  Common Name(s): orchard crabapple [English]
 
    common crabapple [English]
 
    paradise crabapple [English]
 
    pommier commun [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
          SuperdivisionEmbryophyta   
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                   ClassMagnoliopsida   
                      SuperorderRosanae   
                         OrderRosales   
                            FamilyRosaceae  – roses  
                               GenusMalus Mill. – apple  
                                  SpeciesMalus domestica (Suckow) Borkh. – orchard crabapple, common crabapple, paradise crabapple, pommier commun  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Rosaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Malus domestica   
       
  Source: The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) (2021), database (version 2021)  
  Acquired: 2021   
  Notes: IPNI (2021). International Plant Names Index. Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens. [Retrieved 01 October 2021]   
  Reference for: Malus domestica   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Malus domestica   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Malus domestica   
       
  Source: Tropicos, 2007 - 2011, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Tropicos, botanical information system at the Missouri Botanical Garden, available at http://www.tropicos.org/   
  Reference for: Malus domestica   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2015   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Flora of North America North of Mexico, vol. 8: Magnoliophyta: Picramniaceae to Rosaceae   
  Page(s): 752   
  Publisher: Oxford University Press   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-0195340297   
  Notes: Also available electronically at http://www.efloras.org/volume_page.aspx?volume_id=1009&flora_id=1   
  Reference for: Malus domestica, common crabapple [English], orchard crabapple [English], paradise crabapple [English], pommier commun [French]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Qian, Guan-Ze, Lian-Fen Liu, and Geng-Guo Tang  
  Publication Date: 2010   
  Article/Chapter Title: (1933) Proposal to conserve the name Malus domestica against M. pumila, M. communis, M. frutescens, and Pyrus dioica (Rosaceae)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Taxon, vol. 59, no. 2   
  Page(s): 650-652   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0040-0262   
  Notes: Available online at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tax.592038   
  Reference for: Malus domestica   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Volk, Gayle M., Amandine Cornille, Charles-Eric Durel, and Ben Gutierrez / Korban, S. S., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2021   
  Article/Chapter Title: Botany, Taxonomy, and Origins of the Apple (Chapter 2)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Apple Genome (Compendium of Plant Genomes)   
  Page(s): 19-32   
  Publisher: Springer International Publishing   
  Publication Place: Switzerland   
  ISBN/ISSN: 9783030746827   
  Notes: doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-74682-7_2   
  Reference for: Malus domestica   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
    Southern Asia  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Alaska, Introduced  
    Canada, Introduced  
    Continental US, Introduced  
    Mexico, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: 'Malus domestica Borkh. (1803), when proposed as a replacement name for Pyrus malus L. (1753), was superfluous for Malus communis Desf. (1798). Qian & al.'s (Taxon 59: 650-652. 2010) proposal to treat the name M. domestica as a new combination and to conserve it (against M. pumila, M. communis, M. frutescens, and Pyrus dioica) was approved at the Shenzhen Botanical Congress held in Jul 2017' (IPNI, 2021)  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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