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Paralichthyidae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 553179

(Download Help) Paralichthyidae TSN 553179

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): flétans de sable [French]
 
    lenguados areneros [Spanish]
 
    sand flounders [English]
 
    lefteye flounders [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2015   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                      ClassTeleostei   
                         SuperorderAcanthopterygii   
                            OrderPleuronectiformes  – flatfishes, flounders, soles, limandes, plies, poissons plats  
                               SuborderPleuronectoidei   
                                  FamilyParalichthyidae  – flétans de sable, lenguados areneros, sand flounders, lefteye flounders  
    Direct Children:  
                                     Genus Ancylopsetta Gill, 1864 – ocellated flounders 
                                     Genus Cephalopsetta Dutt & Rao, 1965  
                                     Genus Citharichthys Bleeker, 1862 – sanddabs, whiffs 
                                     Genus Cyclopsetta Gill, 1889  
                                     Genus Etropus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882  
                                     Genus Gastropsetta Bean, 1895  
                                     Genus Hippoglossina Steindachner, 1876  
                                     Genus Paralichthys Girard, 1858 – Summer flounders, southern flounders 
                                     Genus Pseudorhombus Bleeker, 1862  
                                     Genus Syacium Ranzani, 1842  
                                     Genus Tarphops Jordan & Thompson, 1914  
                                     Genus Tephrinectes Günther, 1862  
                                     Genus Thysanopsetta Günther, 1880  
                                     Genus Xystreurys Jordan & Gilbert, 1880  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Paralichthyidae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 31-Oct-2014, website (version 31-Oct-14)  
  Acquired: 2014   
  Notes: Eschmeyer, W. N. (ed). Catalog of Fishes. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed 03-Nov-2014   
  Reference for: Paralichthyidae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Klein-MacPhee, Grace / Collette, Bruce B., and Grace Klein-MacPhee, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2002   
  Article/Chapter Title: Sand Flounders: Family Paralichthyidae   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, Third Edition   
  Page(s): 551-560   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-951-3   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Paralichthyidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Paralichthyidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: flétans de sable[French], lenguados areneros [Spanish], sand flounders [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2013   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Seventh Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 34   
  Page(s): 243   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-1-934874-318   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Paralichthyidae, flétans de sable [French], lenguados areneros [Spanish], sand flounders [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: According to Betancur-R et al. 2013. not monophyletic; monophyletic if the Cyclopsetta group is included in its own family  
 

 

   

 
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