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Semnopithecus  Desmarest, 1822
Taxonomic Serial No.: 572834

(Download Help) Semnopithecus TSN 572834

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Trachypithecus (Kasi) Reichenbach, 1862
  Common Name(s): Indian langurs [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2023   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderPrimates Linnaeus, 1758 – homem, macaco, primata, sagui, primates, primates  
                                  SuborderHaplorrhini Pocock, 1918  
                                     InfraorderSimiiformes Haeckel, 1866  
                                        SuperfamilyCercopithecoidea Gray, 1821  
                                           FamilyCercopithecidae Gray, 1821 – Old World monkeys  
                                              SubfamilyColobinae Jerdon, 1867 – leaf-eating monkeys, colobines  
                                                 TribePresbytini Gray, 1825 – Asian colobines  
                                                    GenusSemnopithecus Desmarest, 1822 – Indian langurs  
    Direct Children:  
                                                       Species Semnopithecus ajax (Pocock, 1928) – Kashmir Gray Langur, Chamba Sacred Langur 
                                                       Species Semnopithecus entellus (Dufresne, 1797) – Hanuman langur, Northern Plains Gray Langur, Bengal Sacred Langur 
                                                       Species Semnopithecus hector (Pocock, 1928) – Tarai Sacred Langur, Tarai Gray Langur, Terai Sacred Langur 
                                                       Species Semnopithecus hypoleucos Blyth, 1841 – Malabar Sacred Langur, Black-footed Gray Langur 
                                                       Species Semnopithecus johnii (J. Fischer, 1829) – Hooded Leaf Monkey, Nilgiri Langur 
                                                       Species Semnopithecus priam Blyth, 1844 – Tufted Gray Langur 
                                                       Species Semnopithecus schistaceus Hodgson, 1840 – Nepal Gray Langur, Nepal Sacred Langur 
                                                       Species Semnopithecus vetulus (Erxleben, 1777) – Purple-faced Langur, Purple-faced Leaf Monkey 

  Expert: Colin P. Groves  
  Notes: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, The Australian National University, GPO Box 4, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia   
  Reference for: Semnopithecus    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Mittermeier, Rusell A., Anthony B. Rylands, and Don E. Wilson, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2013   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Volume 3. Primates   
  Page(s): 951   
  Publisher: Lynx Edicions   
  Publication Place: Barcelona, Spain   
  ISBN/ISSN: 9788496553897   
  Reference for: Semnopithecus, Indian langurs [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Semnopithecus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1   
  Page(s): xxxv + 743   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Semnopithecus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Comments: Considered a subgenus of Presbytis by Szalay and Delson (1979); separated from Presbytis by Groves (1989). All taxa have generally been placed in a single species (entellus), but Groves (2001c) divided them into seven species  



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