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Coendou  Lacépède, 1799
Taxonomic Serial No.: 584610

(Download Help) Coendou TSN 584610

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Coandu Fischer de Waldheim, 1814
    Coendu Lesson, 1827
    Coendus É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803
  Common Name(s):    
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2010   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderHystricomorpha Brandt, 1855  
                                     InfraorderHystricognathi Brandt, 1855 – hystricognath rodents  
                                        FamilyErethizontidae Bonaparte, 1845 – New World porcupines  
                                           SubfamilyErethizontinae Bonaparte, 1845  
                                              GenusCoendou Lacépède, 1799  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Species Coendou bicolor (Tschudi, 1844) – Bicolored-spined Porcupine 
                                                 Species Coendou nycthemera (Olfers, 1818) – Black Dwarf Porcupine 
                                                 Species Coendou prehensilis (Linnaeus, 1758) – Brazilian Porcupine 
                                                 Species Coendou rothschildi Thomas, 1902 – Rothchild's Porcupine 

  Expert: Charles A. Woods  
  Notes: Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2035   
  Reference for: Coendou    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Voss, Robert S.  
  Publication Date: 2011   
  Article/Chapter Title: Revisionary Notes on Neotropical Porcupines (Rodentia: Erethizontidae). 3. An Annotated Checklist of the Species of Coendou Lacépède, 1799   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Museum Novitates, no. 3720   
  Page(s): 1-36   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0003-0082   
  Reference for: Coendou   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Coendou   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Woods, Charles A., and C. William Kilpatrick / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Infraorder Hystricognathi Brandt, 1855   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 1538-1600   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Coendou   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Comments: Cabrera (1961), Hall (1981), Corbet and Hill (1991), Handley and Pine (1992), Emmons and Feer (1997), McKenna and Bell (1997), Voss and Angerman (1997), Alberico et al. (1999) and Voss and da Silva (2001) included Sphiggurus in Coendou; but see Husson (1978:484-490). Woods (1984, 1993) and Nowak (1991) followed Husson (1978) and recognized Sphiggurus as distinct from Coendou. Handley and Pine (1992), Voss and Angermann (1997), and Alberico et al. (1999) concluded that Sphiggurus could not b...  
    Voss (2011) argues to sink Echinoprocta and Sphiggurus into Coendou, but does not treat the validity of taxa at the subspecies rank. ITIS will seek expert guidance on these matters, but in the meantime retain the 3 separate genera with subspecies from Wood and Kilpatrick (2005)  



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