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Cavia aperea  Erxleben, 1777
Taxonomic Serial No.: 584710

(Download Help) Cavia aperea TSN 584710

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Common Name(s): Brazilian Guinea Pig [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderHystricomorpha Brandt, 1855  
                                     InfraorderHystricognathi Brandt, 1855 – hystricognath rodents  
                                        FamilyCaviidae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817  
                                           SubfamilyCaviinae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817  
                                              GenusCavia Pallas, 1766  
                                                 SpeciesCavia aperea Erxleben, 1777 – Brazilian Guinea Pig  
    Direct Children:  
                                                    Subspecies Cavia aperea aperea Erxleben, 1777  
                                                    Subspecies Cavia aperea guianae (Thomas, 1901)  
                                                    Subspecies Cavia aperea hypoleuca Cabrera, 1953  
                                                    Subspecies Cavia aperea pamparum (Thomas, 1901)  
                                                    Subspecies Cavia aperea patzelti Schliemann, 1982  
                                                    Subspecies Cavia aperea rosida (Thomas, 1917)  

  Expert: Charles A. Woods  
  Notes: Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2035   
  Reference for: Cavia aperea    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Cavia aperea   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Woods, Charles A., and C. William Kilpatrick / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Infraorder Hystricognathi Brandt, 1855   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 1538-1600   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Cavia aperea, Brazilian Guinea Pig [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: South America  



  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Includes guianae; see Hückinghaus (1961:58) and Husson (1978:449); but also see Cabrera (1961:578) who placed guianae in porcellus. Includes pamparum according to Massoia and Fornes (1967) and Hückinghaus (1961:57), but Cabrera (1961:577) listed pamparum as a distinct species. Geographic variation in fundamental number has been reported; the karyotype of C. a. aperea has 2n=64 and FN=116 or 128 (George et al., 1972; Maia, 1984) and C. a. pamparum has 2n=64 and FN=128 (Gava et al., 1998)  



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