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Proechimys semispinosus  (Tomes, 1860)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 584853

(Download Help) Proechimys semispinosus TSN 584853

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Proechimys gorgonae Bangs, 1905
  Common Name(s): Tome's Spiny-rat [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderHystricomorpha Brandt, 1855  
                                     InfraorderHystricognathi Brandt, 1855 – hystricognath rodents  
                                        FamilyEchimyidae Gray, 1825  
                                           SubfamilyEumysopinae Rusconi, 1935  
                                              GenusProechimys J. A. Allen, 1899  
                                                 SpeciesProechimys semispinosus (Tomes, 1860) – Tome's Spiny-rat  
    Direct Children:  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus burrus Bangs, 1901  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus calidior Thomas, 1911  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus centralis (Thomas, 1896)  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus colombianus Thomas, 1914  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus goldmani Bole, 1937  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus ignotus Kellogg, 1946  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus panamensis Thomas, 1900  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus rosa Thomas, 1900  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus rubellus Hollister, 1914  
                                                    Subspecies Proechimys semispinosus semispinosus (Tomes, 1860)  

  Expert: Charles A. Woods  
  Notes: Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2035   
  Reference for: Proechimys semispinosus    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Proechimys semispinosus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Woods, Charles A., and C. William Kilpatrick / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Infraorder Hystricognathi Brandt, 1855   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 1538-1600   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Proechimys semispinosus, Tome's Spiny-rat [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    South America  



  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (nt) as P. gorgonae, Lower Risk (lc) as P. semispinosus  
    Comments: Placed in semispinosus group (Patton, 1987). Formerly included in amphichoricus; see Reig et al. (1980) who used the name centralis for animals assigned to semispinosus from N Venezuela. Gardner (1983b) discussed the taxonomic history of this species and corrected the type locality. Karyotype has 2n=30 and FN=50-54 (Gardner and Emmons, 1984; Patton and Gardner, 1972). Includes gorgonae based on lack of karyotypic difference between populations on Gorgonae Isl and mainland of Colombia (Gómez...  



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