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Loxodonta cyclotis  (Matschie, 1900)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 609784

(Download Help) Loxodonta cyclotis TSN 609784

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Common Name(s): African Forest Elephant [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderProboscidea Illiger, 1811 – Elephants  
                                  FamilyElephantidae Gray, 1821  
                                     GenusLoxodonta Anonymous, 1827 – African Elephants  
                                        SpeciesLoxodonta cyclotis (Matschie, 1900) – African Forest Elephant  

  Expert: Don E. Wilson  
  Notes: Smithsonian Institution, MRC 108 Washington DC 20560-0108   
  Reference for: Loxodonta cyclotis    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Roca, Alfred L., Nicholas Georgiadis, Jill Pecon-Slattery, and Stephen J. O'Brien  
  Publication Date: 2001   
  Article/Chapter Title: Genetic Evidence for Two Species of Elephant in Africa   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science, vol. 293   
  Page(s): 1473-1477   
  Publication Place:    
  Reference for: Loxodonta cyclotis   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Loxodonta cyclotis, African Forest Elephant [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Africa  



  Comment: Comments: See Laursen and Bekoff (1978, Mammalian Species, 92), where cyclotis was treated as a subspecies of L. africana. Grubb et al. (2000) presented morphological and some molecular data in support of upgrading cyclotis to a species, separate from africana, corroborating earlier hypothesis that Loxodonta cyclotis and L. africana are distinct species. Further, Grubb et al. (2000) supported the hypothesis that L. cyclotis is morphologically more primitive than L. africana. Roca et al. (2001) provid...  
    Status: CITES - Appendix I (as included in L. africana); U.S. ESA - Threatened (as included in L. africana); IUCN - Endangered (as included in L. africana)  



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