the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Toxolasma  Rafinesque, 1831
Taxonomic Serial No.: 80358

(Download Help) Toxolasma TSN 80358

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Carunculina Simpson in F.C. Baker, 1898
    Toxelasma Agassiz, 1846
  Common Name(s):    
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2014   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
             PhylumMollusca  – mollusques, molusco, molluscs, mollusks  
                ClassBivalvia Linnaeus, 1758 – bivalves, clams, bivalves, palourdes, bivalve, mexilhão, ostra  
                   SubclassPalaeoheterodonta Newell, 1965  
                      OrderUnionoida Stoliczka, 1871  
                         SuperfamilyUnionoidea Rafinesque, 1820  
                            FamilyUnionidae Rafinesque, 1820  
                               SubfamilyAmbleminae Rafinesque, 1820  
                                  TribeLampsilini Ihering, 1901  
                                     GenusToxolasma Rafinesque, 1831  
    Direct Children:  
                                        Species Toxolasma corvunculus (Lea, 1868) – southern purple lilliput 
                                        Species Toxolasma cylindrellus (Lea, 1868) – pale lilliput, pale lilliput pearly mussel 
                                        Species Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831 – purple lilliput 
                                        Species Toxolasma mearnsi (Simpson, 1900) – western lilliput 
                                        Species Toxolasma parvum (Barnes, 1823) – lilliput 
                                        Species Toxolasma paulum (Lea, 1840) – iridescent lilliput 
                                        Species Toxolasma pullus (Conrad, 1838) – Savannah lilliput 
                                        Species Toxolasma texasiense (Lea, 1857) – Texas lilliput 

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: MUSSEL Project Web Site, website (version 08Aug2013)  
  Acquired: 2013   
  Notes: Graf, D.L. & K.S. Cummings. 2013. The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves), updated 8 August 2013. MUSSEL Project Web Site,   
  Reference for: Toxolasma   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Toxolasma   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Lee, Harry G.  
  Publication Date: 2006   
  Article/Chapter Title: Musings on a local specimen of Toxolasma paulum (I. Lea, 1840), the iridescent lilliput   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Shell-O-Gram, vol. 47, no. 5   
  Page(s): 3-6   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Toxolasma   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Rafinesque, C. S. / Binney, Wm. G., and George W. Tryon, Jr., eds  
  Publication Date: 1864   
  Article/Chapter Title: Continuation of a monograph of the bivalve shells of the River Ontario, and other rivers of the western states   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Complete Writings of Constantine Smaltz Rafinesque on Recent & Fossil Conchology   
  Page(s): 69-87   
  Publisher: Bailliere Brothers   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  Notes: A reprinting of Rafinesque's rare 1831 work is available online at   
  Reference for: Toxolasma   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26   
  Page(s): 526   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-01-8, 0097-0638  
  Reference for: Toxolasma   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Lee (2006) argues that the name Toxolasma should be treated as neuter gender. Some adjectival epithets were corrected in gender, accordingly. See also Williams et al. (2008:711)  



 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar