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Octopus  Cuvier, 1797
Taxonomic Serial No.: 82595

(Download Help) Octopus TSN 82595

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Macrotritopus Grimpe, 1922
 
    Amphioctopus Fischer, 1882
 
    Tritaxeopus Owen, 1881
 
    Pseudoctopus Grimpe, 1925
 
    Pinnoctopus D'Orbigny, 1845 in 1845-1847
 
    Paroctopus Naef, 1923
 
    Macrochlaena Robson, 1929
 
    Joubinia Robson, 1929
 
    Callistoctopus Taki, 1964
 
    Octopus (Macroctopus) Robson, 1928
 
  Common Name(s):    
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 1999   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomProtostomia   
          SuperphylumLophozoa   
             PhylumMollusca  – mollusques, molusco, molluscs, mollusks  
                ClassCephalopoda Cuvier, 1797 – octopuses, squids, calmars, encornets, pieuvres, poulpes, náutilo, polvo, cefalopode, lula  
                   SubclassColeoidea Bather, 1888  
                      SuperorderOctobrachia Fioroni, 1981  
                         OrderOctopoda Leach, 1818  
                            SuborderIncirrina Grimpe, 1916  
                               FamilyOctopodidae D'Orbigny, 1839-1842 in Férussac and D'Orbigny, 1834-1848  
                                  SubfamilyOctopodinae Grimpe, 1921  
                                     GenusOctopus Cuvier, 1797  
    Direct Children:  
                                        Species Octopus abaculus Norman and Sweeney, 1997  
                                        Species Octopus aculeatus D'Orbigny, 1834 in Férussac and D'Orbigny, 1834-1848  
                                        Species Octopus adamsi Benham, 1944  
                                        Species Octopus aegina Gray, 1849  
                                        Species Octopus alatus (Sasaki, 1920)  
                                        Species Octopus alecto Berry, 1953  
                                        Species Octopus alpheus Norman, 1993  
                                        Species Octopus araneoides (Taki, 1964)  
                                        Species Octopus arborescens (Hoyle, 1904)  
                                        Species Octopus areolatus De Haan, 1839-1841 in Férussac and D'Orbigny, 1834-1848  
                                        Species Octopus aspilosomatis Norman, 1993  
                                        Species Octopus australis Hoyle, 1885  
                                        Species Octopus balboai Voss, 1971  
                                        Species Octopus berrima Stranks and Norman, 1993  
                                        Species Octopus bimaculatus Verrill, 1883 – california two-spot octopus 
                                        Species Octopus bimaculoides Pickford and McConnaughey, 1949 – California two-spot octopus 
                                        Species Octopus bocki Adam, 1941  
                                        Species Octopus briareus Robson, 1929 – Caribbean reef octopus 
                                        Species Octopus brocki Ortmann, 1888  
                                        Species Octopus bunurong Stranks, 1990  
                                        Species Octopus burryi Voss, 1950 – brownstripe octopus, Caribbean armstripe octopus 
                                        Species Octopus californicus (Berry, 1911) – orange bigeye octopus, North Pacific bigeye octopus 
                                        Species Octopus campbelli (Smith, 1902)  
                                        Species Octopus carolinensis Verrill, 1884  
                                        Species Octopus chierchiae Jatta, 1889  
                                        Species Octopus conispadiceus (Sasaki, 1917)  
                                        Species Octopus cordiformis Quoy and Gaimard, 1832  
                                        Species Octopus cyanea Gray, 1849  
                                        Species Octopus defilippi Verany, 1851 – longarm octopus, Atlantic longarm octopus 
                                        Species Octopus dierythraeus Norman, 1993  
                                        Species Octopus digueti Perrier and Rochebrune, 1894 – pacific pygmy octopus 
                                        Species Octopus exannulatus Norman, 1993  
                                        Species Octopus fangsiao D'Orbigny, 1839-1841 in Férussac and D'Orbigny, 1834-1848  
                                        Species Octopus favonius Gray, 1849  
                                        Species Octopus filamentosus Blainville, 1826  
                                        Species Octopus filosus Howell, 1867  
                                        Species Octopus fitchi Berry, 1953 – lilliput octopus 
                                        Species Octopus fujitai (Sasaki, 1929)  
                                        Species Octopus gardineri (Hoyle, 1905)  
                                        Species Octopus globosus Appellöf, 1886  
                                        Species Octopus graptus Norman, 1993  
                                        Species Octopus guangdongenis Dong, 1976  
                                        Species Octopus hardwickei Gray, 1849  
                                        Species Octopus hattai (Sasaki, 1929)  
                                        Species Octopus hongkongensis Hoyle, 1885  
                                        Species Octopus horridus D'Orbigny, 1826  
                                        Species Octopus hubbsorum Berry, 1953  
                                        Species Octopus joubini Robson, 1929 – Atlantic pygmy octopus 
                                        Species Octopus kagoshimensis Ortmann, 1888  
                                        Species Octopus kaurna Stranks, 1990  
                                        Species Octopus kermadecensis (Berry, 1914)  
                                        Species Octopus lechenaultii D'Orbigny, 1826 in Férussac and D'Orbigny, 1834-1848  
                                        Species Octopus lobensis Castellanos and Menni, 1969  
                                        Species Octopus longispadiceus (Sasaki, 1917)  
                                        Species Octopus luteus (Sasaki, 1929)  
                                        Species Octopus macropus Risso, 1826 – Atlantic white-spotted octopus 
                                        Species Octopus magnificus Villanueva et al., 1992  
                                        Species Octopus maorum Hutton, 1880  
                                        Species Octopus marginatus Taki, 1964  
                                        Species Octopus maya Voss and Solis Ramirez, 1966  
                                        Species Octopus membranaceus Quoy and Gaimard, 1832  
                                        Species Octopus mercatoris Adam, 1937  
                                        Species Octopus microphthalmus Goodrich, 1896  
                                        Species Octopus micropyrsus Berry, 1953  
                                        Species Octopus mimus Gould, 1852  
                                        Species Octopus minor (Sasaki, 1920)  
                                        Species Octopus mototi Norman, 1993  
                                        Species Octopus mutilans Taki, 1942  
                                        Species Octopus nanhaiensis Dong, 1976  
                                        Species Octopus nanus Adam, 1973  
                                        Species Octopus niveus Lesson, 1830 in 1830-1831  
                                        Species Octopus nocturnus Norman and Sweeney, 1997  
                                        Species Octopus occidentalis Steenstrup in Hoyle, 1886  
                                        Species Octopus ochotensis (Sasaki, 1920)  
                                        Species Octopus oculifer (Hoyle, 1904)  
                                        Species Octopus oliveri (Berry, 1914)  
                                        Species Octopus ornatus Gould, 1852  
                                        Species Octopus oshimai (Sasaki, 1929)  
                                        Species Octopus ovulum (Sasaki, 1917)  
                                        Species Octopus pallidus Hoyle, 1885  
                                        Species Octopus parvus (Sasaki, 1917)  
                                        Species Octopus penicillifer Berry, 1954  
                                        Species Octopus pentherinus Rochebrune and Mabille, 1889  
                                        Species Octopus polyzenia Gray, 1849  
                                        Species Octopus prashadi Adam, 1939  
                                        Species Octopus pricei (Berry, 1913)  
                                        Species Octopus pumilus Norman and Sweeney, 1997  
                                        Species Octopus rapanui Voss, 1979  
                                        Species Octopus robsoni Adam, 1941  
                                        Species Octopus roosevelti Stuart, 1941  
                                        Species Octopus rubescens Berry, 1953 – East Pacific red octopus 
                                        Species Octopus salutii Verany, 1839  
                                        Species Octopus sanctaehelenae Robson, 1929  
                                        Species Octopus sasakii Taki, 1942  
                                        Species Octopus selene Voss, 1971  
                                        Species Octopus spinosus (Sasaki, 1920)  
                                        Species Octopus striolatus Dong, 1976  
                                        Species Octopus superciliosus Quoy and Gaimard, 1832  
                                        Species Octopus taprobanensis Robson, 1926  
                                        Species Octopus tehuelchus D'Orbigny, 1834 in 1834-1847  
                                        Species Octopus tenebricus Smith, 1884  
                                        Species Octopus tetricus Gould, 1852  
                                        Species Octopus tonganus Hoyle, 1885  
                                        Species Octopus tsugarensis (Sasaki, 1920)  
                                        Species Octopus validus (Sasaki, 1920)  
                                        Species Octopus varunae Oommen, 1971  
                                        Species Octopus veligero Berry, 1953  
                                        Species Octopus verrucosus Hoyle, 1885  
                                        Species Octopus vitiensis Hoyle, 1885  
                                        Species Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 – common octopus 
                                        Species Octopus warringa Stranks, 1990  
                                        Species Octopus winckworthi Robson, 1926  
                                        Species Octopus wolfi (Wülker, 1913)  
                                        Species Octopus yendoi (Sasaki, 1920)  
                                        Species Octopus zonatus Voss, 1968  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Michael J. Sweeney  
  Notes: Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, 10th and Constitution Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20560   
  Reference for: Octopus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Octopus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Cuvier, G.  
  Publication Date: 1797   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Tableau elementaire de l'histoire naturelle des animaux   
  Page(s): 710   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place: Paris, France   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: original description   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Sweeney, M. J. and C. F. E. Roper / N. A. Voss, M. Vecchione, R. B. Toll and M. J. Sweeney, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Classification, type localities and type repositories of recent Cephalopoda   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (I-II)   
  Page(s): 561-599   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, D. C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Octopus   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Taxon Validity: [see ICZN (1954:291)]. Type species: Sepia octopus Gmelin, 1791 [suppressed senior objective synonym of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797; see Opinion 1861, ICZN (1997:59)]  
 

 

   

 
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