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Trombiculidae  Ewing, 1929
Taxonomic Serial No.: 895699

(Download Help) Trombiculidae TSN 895699

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s): Walchiidae Ewing, 1946
  Common Name(s): chigger mites [English]
    chiggers [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2022   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
             PhylumArthropoda  – Artrópode, arthropodes, arthropods  
                SubphylumChelicerata  – cheliceriformes, quelicerado, queliceriforme  
                      SubclassArachnida  – araignées, aracnídeo, arachnids, arácnidos  
                                     SuperfamilyTrombiculoidea Ewing, 1929  
                                        FamilyTrombiculidae Ewing, 1929 – chigger mites, chiggers  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Subfamily Gahrliepiinae Womersley, 1952  
                                           Subfamily Trombiculinae Ewing, 1929  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Breene, R. G., D. Allen Dean, G. B. Edwards, Blain Hebert, Herbert W. Levi, Gail Manning, et al.  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Arachnids, Fifth Edition   
  Page(s): 42   
  Publisher: American Tarantula Society   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-929427-11-5   
  Notes: The American Arachnological Society Committee on Common Names of Arachnids. Available online at   
  Reference for: Trombiculidae, chigger mites [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Krantz, G. W., and D. E. Walter, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2009   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: A Manual of Acarology, 3rd Edition   
  Page(s): viii+807   
  Publisher: Texas Tech University Press   
  Publication Place: Lubbock, Texas, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 9780896726208   
  Reference for: Trombiculidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nielsen, David H., Richard G. Robbins, and Leopoldo M. Rueda  
  Publication Date: 2021   
  Article/Chapter Title: Annotated world checklist of the Trombiculidae and Leeuwenhoekiidae (1758-2021) (Acari: Trombiculidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zootaxa, vol. 4967, no. 1   
  Page(s): 1-243   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1175-5326   
  Notes: doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4967.1.1   
  Reference for: Trombiculidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Zhi-Qiang Zhang, Qing-Hai Fan, Vladimir Pesic, Harry Smit, et al. / Zhang, Zhi-Qiang, ed.  
  Publication Date: 2011   
  Article/Chapter Title: Order Trombidiformes Reuter, 1909. In: Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zootaxa, vol. 3148   
  Page(s): 129-138   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 9781869778507, 1175-5334  
  Notes: Available online:   
  Reference for: Trombiculidae   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: The first use of a family-group name (superfamily to subtribe) based on Trombicula Berlese, 1905 seems to have been Trombiculinae Ewing, 1929. Per the Principle of Coordination (ICZN Art. 36.1) authorship of all such family-group names based on Trombicula must be given authorship of Ewing, 1929, regardless who first used them at any particular rank and when  
    The number and names used as valid in the family-group ranks (superfamily to subtribe) for chiggers is apparently a matter of disagreement. Nielsen et al. (2021: 194) state 'The status of the family Walchiidae has been debated for the past 20 years. Wen (1999a, 2004) proposed that the Walchiidae be reinstated as a valid family. This has been contested by Stekolnikov (2018b, 2021). Based on the arguments of the latter author, we have removed Walchiidae as a valid family and placed the subfamily Gahrliepiinae [with tribe Walchiini] in the family Trombiculidae.' Ricardo Bassini-Silva (pers. comm., emails July-August 2021) indicated he supports using 3 families, Leeuwenhoekiidae, Trombiculidae and Walchiidae (but see comment on Gahrliepiinae!), and no subdivisions between family and genus  



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