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Equus africanus  Heuglin and Fitzinger, 1866
Taxonomic Serial No.: 926142

(Download Help) Equus africanus TSN 926142

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): African wild ass [English]
 
    Ass [English]
 
    Wild Ass [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderPerissodactyla Owen, 1848 – antas, Odd-toed Ungulates  
                                  FamilyEquidae Gray, 1821 – Asses, Horses, Zebras  
                                     GenusEquus Linnaeus, 1758 – Horses  
                                        SubgenusEquus (Asinus) Gray, 1824 – Asses  
                                           SpeciesEquus africanus Heuglin and Fitzinger, 1866 – African wild ass, Ass, Wild Ass  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Equus africanus africanus Heuglin and Fitzinger, 1866 – Nubian Wild Ass 
                                              Subspecies Equus africanus somaliensis Noack, 1884 – Somali Wild Ass 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Checklist of CITES Species Part 1 CITES species index, CD-ROM (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2011. Checklist of CITES species (CD-ROM). CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 2-88323-030-7. Available online at http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/pub/checklist11/index.html or from CITES Secretariat, Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Genève, Switzerland   
  Reference for: Equus africanus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Grinder, Martha I., Paul R. Krausman, and Robert S. Hoffmann  
  Publication Date: 2006   
  Article/Chapter Title: Equus asinus   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammalian Species, no. 794   
  Page(s): 1-9   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1545-1410   
  Notes: See also ICZN Opinion 2027 (Mar. 2003). Available online at http://www.science.smith.edu/departments/Biology/VHAYSSEN/msi/default.html   
  Reference for: Equus africanus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Groves, Colin, and Peter Grubb  
  Publication Date: 2011   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Ungulate Taxonomy   
  Page(s): ix + 317   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-4214-0093-6   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Equus africanus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title: OPINION 2027 (Case 3010): Usage of 17 specific names based on wild species which are pre-dated by or contemporary with those based on domestic animals (Lepidoptera, Osteichthyes, Mammalia): conserved   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 60, part 1   
  Page(s): 81-84   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0007-5167   
  Notes: Available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34357823   
  Reference for: Equus africanus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 1974   
  Article/Chapter Title: Taking, Possession, Transportation, Sale, Purchase, Barter, Exportation, and Importation of Wildlife   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 39, no. 3   
  Page(s): 1158-1185   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Equus africanus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Technical Correction for African Wild Ass   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 77, no. 108   
  Page(s): 33100-33103   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Equus africanus, African wild ass [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2000   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Equus africanus, Ass [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Africa  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: US ESA: Listed Endangered as Equus asinus, included in the U.S. List of Endangered Foreign Fish and Wildlife, as published in Federal Register Volume 39, Number 3, Pages 1158 - 1185, January 04, 1974  
    US ESA: Change in name from Equus asinus to Equus africanus in the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife, as published in Federal Register Volume 77, Number 108, Pages 33100 - 33103, June 05, 2012  
    See Groves & Grubb (2011: 8 & 13-14). The diverse origins of domestic donkeys are discussed, the scientific name applicable to the domestic donkey, as a species, is provided, and it is noted that it is believed to be derived from Equus africanus  
    CITES: Appendix I except for the domesticated form, per 2011 Checklist of CITES Species Part 1 CITES species index published with amendments to the Appendices and changes in standard scientific nomenclature following the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Doha, 2010). For current status see CITES.org  
 

 

   

 
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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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