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Publication: Conant, R., and J. T. Collins. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians, Eastern and Central North America, Third Edition. 450.

ITIS records citing this publication
 
 Kingdom Animalia
  Acris crepitans blanchardi Harper, 1947 -- invalid -- Blanchard's Cricket Frog
  Acris crepitans crepitans Baird, 1854 -- invalid -- Eastern Cricket Frog, Northern Cricket Frog
  Acris crepitans paludicola Burger, Smith and Smith, 1949 -- invalid -- Coastal Cricket Frog
  Acris gryllus dorsalis (Harlan, 1827) -- invalid -- Florida Cricket Frog
  Acris gryllus gryllus (LeConte, 1825) -- invalid -- Coastal Plain Cricket Frog, Southern Cricket Frog
  Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix (Linnaeus, 1766) -- valid -- Southern Copperhead
  Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus Gloyd and Conant, 1934 -- valid -- Broad-banded Copperhead
  Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen Palisot de Beauvois, 1799 -- valid -- Northern Copperhead
  Agkistrodon contortrix phaeogaster Gloyd, 1969 -- valid -- Osage Copperhead
  Agkistrodon contortrix pictigaster Gloyd and Conant, 1943 -- valid -- Trans-Pecos Copperhead
  Agkistrodon mokeson pictigaster Gloyd and Conant, 1943 -- invalid
  Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti Gloyd, 1969 -- valid -- Florida Cottonmouth
  Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma (Troost, 1836) -- valid -- Western Cottonmouth
  Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus (Lacépède, 1789) -- valid -- Eastern Cottonmouth
  Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli Dunn, 1940 -- invalid -- Gray Tiger Salamander
  Ambystoma tigrinum mavortium Baird, 1850 -- invalid -- Barred Tiger Salamander
  Ambystoma tigrinum melanostictum (Baird in Cooper, 1860) -- invalid -- Blotched Tiger Salamander
  Ambystoma tigrinum tigrinum (Green, 1825) -- invalid -- Eastern Tiger Salamander
  Bufo americanus americanus Holbrook, 1836 -- invalid -- Eastern American Toad
  Bufo americanus charlesmithi Bragg, 1954 -- invalid -- Dwarf American Toad
  Bufo debilis debilis Girard, 1854 -- invalid -- Eastern Green Toad
  Bufo debilis insidior Girard, 1854 -- invalid -- Western Green Toad
  Bufo valliceps valliceps Wiegmann, 1833 -- invalid -- Gulf Coast Toad
  Bufo woodhousii australis Shannon and Lowe, 1955 -- invalid -- Southwestern Woodhouse's Toad
  Bufo woodhousii woodhousii Girard, 1854 -- invalid -- Rocky Mountain Toad, Woodhouse's Toad
  Carphophis amoenus amoenus (Say, 1825) -- valid -- Eastern Worm Snake
  Carphophis amoenus helenae (Kennicott, 1859) -- valid -- Midwest Worm Snake
  Carphophis vermis (Kennicott, 1859) -- valid -- Western Worm Snake, Western Wormsnake
  Cemophora coccinea coccinea (Blumenbach, 1788) -- valid -- Florida Scarlet Snake
  Cemophora coccinea copei Jan, 1863 -- valid -- Northern Scarlet Snake
  Cemophora coccinea lineri Williams, Brown and Wilson, 1966 -- valid -- Texas Scarlet Snake
  Chionactis palarostris organica Klauber, 1951 -- valid -- Organ Pipe Shovelnose Snake
  Chionactis palarostris palarostris (Klauber, 1937) -- valid -- Sonoran Shovelnose Snake
  Coluber constrictor flaviventris Say in James, 1823 -- valid -- Eastern Yellowbelly Racer, Yellowbelly Racer
  Coluber constrictor helvigularis Auffenberg, 1955 -- valid -- Brown Chin Racer
  Coluber constrictor latrunculus Wilson, 1970 -- valid -- Black-masked Racer, Blackmask Racer
  Coluber constrictor oaxaca (Jan, 1863) -- valid -- Mexican Racer
  Coluber constrictor paludicola Auffenberg and Babitt, 1953 -- valid -- Everglades Racer
  Coluber constrictor priapus Dunn and Wood, 1939 -- valid -- Southern Black Racer
  Coniophanes imperialis imperialis (Kennicott in Baird, 1859) -- valid -- Tamaulipan Black-striped Snake
  Cophosaurus texanus texanus Troschel, 1852 -- valid -- Texas Earless Lizard
  Crotaphytus collaris baileyi Stejneger, 1890 -- valid -- Western Collared Lizard
  Crotaphytus collaris collaris (Say in James, 1823) -- valid -- Eastern Collared Lizard
  Crotaphytus collaris fuscus Ingram and Tanner, 1971 -- valid -- Chihuahuan Collared Lizard
  Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis (Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801) -- invalid -- Eastern Hellbender
  Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi Grobman, 1943 -- invalid -- Ozark Hellbender
  Desmognathus fuscus conanti Rossman, 1958 -- invalid -- Spotted Dusky Salamander
  Desmognathus fuscus fuscus (Green, 1818) -- invalid -- Northern Dusky Salamander
  Diadophis punctatus acricus Paulson, 1966 -- valid -- Key Ringneck Snake
  Diadophis punctatus edwardsii (Merrem, 1820) -- valid -- Northern Ringneck Snake
  Diadophis punctatus punctatus (Linnaeus, 1766) -- valid -- Southern Ringneck Snake
  Diadophis punctatus regalis Baird and Girard, 1853 -- valid -- Regal Ringsnake Snake
  Drymarchon corais couperi (Holbrook, 1842) -- invalid -- Eastern Indigo Snake
  Elaphe guttata (Linnaeus, 1766) -- invalid -- Corn Snake, Cornsnake, Culebra-ratonera de maiz
  Elaphe guttata guttata (Linnaeus, 1766) -- invalid
  Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta (Say in James, 1823) -- invalid
  Elaphe obsoleta quadrivittata (Holbrook, 1836) -- invalid -- Yellow Rat Snake
  Elaphe obsoleta spiloides (A. M. C. Duméril, Bibron and A. H. A. Duméril, 1854) -- invalid -- Gray Rat Snake
  Elaphe vulpina gloydi Conant, 1940 -- invalid
  Elaphe vulpina vulpina (Baird and Girard, 1853) -- invalid
  Eumeces anthracinus anthracinus (Baird, 1850) -- valid -- Northern Coal Skink
  Eumeces anthracinus pluvialis Cope, 1880 -- valid -- Southern Coal Skink
  Eumeces egregius egregius (Baird, 1859) -- valid -- Florida Keys Mole Skink
  Eumeces egregius insularis Mount, 1965 -- valid -- Cedar Key Mole Skink
  Eumeces egregius lividus Mount, 1965 -- valid -- Blue-tailed Mole Skink
  Eumeces egregius onocrepis (Cope, 1871) -- valid -- Peninsula Mole Skink
  Eumeces egregius similis McConkey, 1957 -- valid -- Northern Mole Skink
  Eumeces multivirgatus multivirgatus (Hallowell, 1857) -- valid -- Northern Many-lined Skink
  Eumeces septentrionalis obtusirostris Bocourt, 1879 -- valid -- Southern Prairie Skink
  Eumeces septentrionalis septentrionalis (Baird, 1859) -- valid -- Northern Prairie Skink
  Eumeces tetragrammus brevilineatus Cope, 1880 -- valid -- Short-lined Skink
  Eumeces tetragrammus tetragrammus (Baird, 1859) -- valid -- Four-lined Skink, Long-lined Skink, Short-lined Skink
  Eurycea longicauda guttolineata (Holbrook, 1838) -- invalid -- Three-lined Salamander
  Eurycea longicauda longicauda (Green, 1818) -- invalid -- Long-tailed Salamander, Longtail Salamander
  Eurycea longicauda melanopleura (Cope, 1894) -- invalid -- Dark-sided Salamander
  Eurycea multiplicata griseogaster Moore and Hughes, 1941 -- invalid -- Graybelly Salamander
  Eurycea multiplicata multiplicata (Cope, 1869) -- invalid -- Many-ribbed Salamander
  Farancia abacura reinwardtii (Schlegel, 1837) -- valid -- Western Mud Snake
  Ficimia streckeri Taylor, 1931 -- valid -- Culebra-naricilla mexicana, Mexican Hook-nosed Snake, Mexican Hooknose Snake, Tamaulipan Hook-nosed Snake, Tamaulipan Hooknose Snake
  Gyrinophilus palleucus gulolineatus Brandon, 1965 -- invalid -- Berry Cave Salamander
  Gyrinophilus palleucus necturoides Lazell and Brandon, 1962 -- invalid -- Big Mouth Cave Salamander
  Gyrinophilus palleucus palleucus McCrady, 1954 -- invalid -- Pale Salamander
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi (Blatchley, 1901) -- invalid -- Blue Ridge Spring Salamander
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus dunni Mittleman and Jopson, 1941 -- invalid -- Carolina Spring Salamander
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus duryi (Weller, 1930) -- invalid -- Kentucky Spring Salamander
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus (Green, 1827) -- invalid -- Northern Spring Salamander
  Heterodon nasicus gloydi Edgren, 1952 -- invalid -- Dusty Hognose Snake
  Heterodon nasicus kennerlyi Kennicott, 1860 -- invalid -- Mexican Hog-nose Snake
  Heterodon nasicus nasicus Baird and Girard, 1852 -- invalid -- Plains Hognose Snake
  Heterodon platirhinos Latreille, 1801 -- valid -- Eastern Hog-nosed Snake, Eastern Hognose Snake
  Holbrookia lacerata lacerata Cope, 1880 -- valid -- Northern Spot-tailed Earless Lizard, Plateau Earless Lizard
  Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis R. W. Axtell, 1956 -- valid -- Southern Earless Lizard, Southern Spot-tailed Earless Lizard
  Holbrookia maculata approximans Baird, 1859 -- invalid -- Speckled Earless Lizard
  Holbrookia maculata maculata Girard, 1851 -- valid -- Great Plains Earless Lizard, Northern Earless Lizard
  Holbrookia maculata perspicua R. W. Axtell, 1956 -- valid -- Eastern Earless Lizard, Praire Earless Lizard
  Holbrookia propinqua propinqua Baird and Girard, 1852 -- valid -- Keel-scaled Earless Lizard, Keeled Earless Lizard, Northern Keeled Earless Lizard
  Hypsiglena torquata jani (Dugès, 1865) -- invalid -- Texas Night Snake
  Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata Price, 1987 -- valid -- South Florida Mole Snake
  Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata (Holbrook, 1840) -- valid -- Mole Kingsnake
  Lampropeltis getula floridana Blanchard, 1919 -- invalid -- Florida Kingsnake
  Lampropeltis getula getula (Linnaeus, 1766) -- invalid -- Eastern Kingsnake
  Lampropeltis getula holbrooki Stejneger, 1902 -- invalid -- Speckled Kingsnake
  Lampropeltis getula nigra (Yarrow, 1882) -- invalid -- Black Kingsnake
  Lampropeltis getula nigrita Zweifel and Norris, 1955 -- invalid -- Black Desert Kingsnake
  Lampropeltis getula splendida (Baird and Girard, 1853) -- invalid -- Desert Kingsnake
  Lampropeltis getula sticticeps Barbour and Engels, 1942 -- invalid -- Outer Banks Kingsnake
  Lampropeltis triangulum amaura Cope, 1861 -- invalid -- Louisiana Milk Snake
  Lampropeltis triangulum annulata Kennicott, 1861 -- invalid -- Mexican Milk Snake
  Lampropeltis triangulum celaenops Stejneger, 1903 -- invalid -- New Mexico Milk Snake
  Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides (Holbrook, 1838) -- invalid -- Scarlet Kingsnake
  Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis (Baird and Girard, 1853) -- invalid -- Central Plains Milk Snake
  Lampropeltis triangulum syspila (Cope, 1889) -- invalid -- Red Milk Snake
  Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum (Lacépède, 1789) -- invalid -- Eastern Milk Snake
  Leptodeira septentrionalis septentrionalis (Kennicott in Baird, 1859) -- invalid -- Northern Cat-eyed Snake
  Masticophis schotti ruthveni Ortenburger, 1923 -- invalid -- Ruthven's Whipsnake
  Masticophis schotti schotti Baird and Girard, 1853 -- invalid -- Schott's Whipsnake
  Micrurus fulvius fulvius (Linnaeus, 1766) -- invalid -- Eastern Coral Snake
  Micrurus fulvius tener (Baird and Girard, 1853) -- invalid -- Texas Coral Snake
  Necturus maculosus louisianensis Viosca, 1938 -- invalid -- Red River Mudpuppy, Red River Waterdog
  Necturus maculosus maculosus (Rafinesque, 1818) -- invalid -- Common Mudpuppy, Mudpuppy, Waterdog
  Nerodia harteri paucimaculata (Tinkle and Conant, 1961) -- invalid
  Nerodia rhombifer (Hallowell, 1852) -- valid -- Culebra-de agua de diamantes, Diamondback Water Snake
  Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer (Hallowell, 1852) -- valid -- Diamondback Water Snake
  Notophthalmus viridescens dorsalis (Harlan, 1829) -- invalid -- Broken-striped Newt
  Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis (Wolterstorff, 1914) -- invalid -- Central Newt
  Notophthalmus viridescens piaropicola (Schwartz and Duellman, 1952) -- invalid -- Peninsula Newt
  Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens (Rafinesque, 1820) -- invalid -- Red-spotted Newt
  Phrynosoma douglassii brevirostre (Girard, 1858) -- invalid -- Eastern Short-horned Lizard
  Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi Girard, 1858 -- invalid -- Mountain Short-horned Lizard
  Pituophis catenifer sayi (Schlegel, 1837) -- valid -- Bullsnake
  Pituophis melanoleucus lodingi Blanchard, 1924 -- valid -- Black Pine Snake
  Pituophis melanoleucus melanoleucus (Daudin, 1803) -- valid -- Northern Pine Snake
  Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus Barbour, 1921 -- valid -- Florida Pine Snake
  Pituophis melanoleucus sayi (Schlegel, 1837) -- invalid
  Plethodon dorsalis angusticlavius Grobman, 1944 -- invalid -- Ozark Zigzag Salamander
  Plethodon dorsalis dorsalis Cope, 1889 -- invalid -- Eastern Zigzag Salamander
  Pseudacris crucifer bartramiana (Harper, 1939) -- invalid -- Southern Spring Peeper
  Pseudacris crucifer crucifer (Wied-Neuwied, 1838) -- invalid -- Northern Spring Peeper
  Pseudacris nigrita nigrita (LeConte, 1825) -- invalid -- Southern Chorus Frog, Striped Southern Chorus Frog
  Pseudacris streckeri illinoensis Smith, 1951 -- invalid -- Illinois Chorus Frog
  Pseudacris streckeri streckeri Wright and Wright, 1933 -- invalid -- Strecker's Chorus Frog
  Pseudacris triseriata feriarum (Baird, 1854) -- invalid
  Pseudacris triseriata kalmi Harper, 1955 -- invalid
  Pseudobranchus striatus axanthus Netting and Goin, 1942 -- invalid -- Narrow-striped Mud Siren
  Pseudobranchus striatus belli Schwartz, 1952 -- invalid -- Everglades Dwarf Siren
  Pseudobranchus striatus lustricolus Neill, 1951 -- invalid -- Gulf Hammock Dwarf Siren, Gulf Hammock Mud Siren
  Pseudobranchus striatus spheniscus Goin and Crenshaw, 1949 -- invalid -- Slender Dwarf Siren, Slender Mud Siren
  Pseudobranchus striatus striatus (LeConte, 1824) -- invalid -- Broad-striped Dwarf Siren, Broad-striped Mud Siren
  Pseudotriton montanus diastictus Bishop, 1941 -- invalid -- Midland Mud Salamander
  Pseudotriton montanus flavissimus Hallowell, 1856 -- invalid -- Gulf Coast Mud Salamander
  Pseudotriton montanus floridanus Netting and Goin, 1942 -- invalid -- Rusty Mud Salamander
  Pseudotriton montanus montanus Baird, 1850 -- invalid -- Eastern Mud Salamander
  Pseudotriton ruber nitidus Dunn, 1920 -- invalid -- Blue Ridge Red Salamander
  Pseudotriton ruber ruber (Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801) -- invalid -- Northern Red Salamander
  Pseudotriton ruber schencki (Brimley, 1912) -- invalid -- Black-chinned Red Salamander, Blackchin Red Salamander
  Pseudotriton ruber vioscai Bishop, 1928 -- invalid -- Southern Red Salamander
  Rana areolata areolata Baird and Girard, 1852 -- invalid -- Southern Crawfish Frog
  Rana areolata circulosa Rice and Davis, 1878 -- invalid -- Northern Crawfish Frog
  Rana capito aesopus Cope, 1886 -- invalid -- Florida Gopher Frog
  Rana capito capito LeConte, 1855 -- invalid -- Carolina Gopher Frog
  Rana capito sevosa Goin and Netting, 1940 -- invalid -- Dusky Gopher Frog
  Rana clamitans clamitans Latreille in Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801 -- invalid -- Bronze Frog
  Rana clamitans melanota Rafinesque, 1820 -- invalid -- Green Frog, Northern Green Frog
  Regina rigida deltae (Huheey, 1959) -- invalid -- Delta Crawfish Snake
  Regina rigida rigida (Say, 1825) -- invalid -- Glossy Crawfish Snake
  Regina rigida sinicola (Huheey, 1959) -- invalid -- Gulf Crawfish Snake
  Salvadora grahamiae grahamiae Baird and Girard, 1853 -- valid -- Mountain Patchnose Snake
  Salvadora grahamiae lineata Schmidt, 1940 -- valid -- Texas Patch-nosed Snake
  Sceloporus graciosus graciosus Baird and Girard, 1852 -- valid -- Northern Sagebrush Lizard
  Sceloporus grammicus microlepidotus Wiegmann, 1834 -- valid -- Northern Mesquite Lizard, Northern Plateau Graphic Lizard
  Sceloporus magister bimaculosus Phelan and Brattstrom, 1955 -- invalid -- Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard
  Sceloporus merriami annulatus H. M. Smith, 1937 -- valid -- Big Bend Canyon Lizard
  Sceloporus merriami longipunctatus Olson, 1973 -- valid -- Presidio Canyon Lizard
  Sceloporus merriami merriami Stejneger, 1904 -- valid -- Merriam's Canyon Lizard
  Sceloporus poinsettii poinsettii Baird and Girard, 1852 -- valid -- Northern Crevice Spiny Lizard
  Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus Baird and Girard in Marcy and McClellan, 1854 -- invalid -- Southern Prairie Lizard
  Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus Maslin, 1956 -- valid -- Red-lipped Prairie Lizard
  Sceloporus undulatus garmani Boulenger, 1882 -- valid -- Northern Prairie Lizard
  Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus (Green, 1818) -- valid -- Northern Fence Lizard
  Sceloporus undulatus undulatus (Bosc and Daudin in Sonnini and Latreille, 1801) -- valid -- Eastern Fence Lizard, Southern Fence Lizard
  Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus Hallowell, 1852 -- valid -- Northern Rosebelly Lizard, Rose-bellied Lizard
  Seminatrix pygaea cyclas Dowling, 1950 -- invalid -- South Florida Swamp Snake
  Seminatrix pygaea paludis Dowling, 1950 -- invalid -- Carolina Swamp Snake
  Seminatrix pygaea pygaea (Cope, 1871) -- invalid -- North Florida Swamp Snake
  Siren intermedia intermedia Barnes, 1826 -- invalid -- Eastern Lesser Siren
  Siren intermedia nettingi Goin, 1942 -- invalid -- Western Lesser Siren
  Sistrurus miliarius barbouri Gloyd, 1935 -- valid -- Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake
  Sistrurus miliarius miliarius (Linnaeus, 1766) -- valid -- Carolina Pigmy Rattlesnake
  Sonora semiannulata Baird and Girard, 1853 -- valid -- Culebra-suelera semianillada, Ground Snake, Groundsnake
  Storeria dekayi dekayi (Holbrook, 1839) -- invalid -- Northern Brown Snake
  Storeria dekayi limnetes Anderson, 1961 -- invalid -- Marsh Brown Snake
  Storeria dekayi texana Trapido, 1944 -- invalid -- Texas Brown Snake
  Storeria dekayi victa Hay, 1892 -- invalid -- Florida Brown Snake
  Storeria dekayi wrightorum Trapido, 1944 -- invalid -- Midland Brown Snake
  Storeria occipitomaculata obscura Trapido, 1944 -- valid -- Florida Redbelly Snake
  Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata (Storer, 1839) -- valid -- Northern Redbelly Snake
  Storeria occipitomaculata pahasapae H. M. Smith, 1963 -- valid -- Black Hills Redbelly Snake
  Tantilla relicta neilli Telford, 1966 -- valid -- Central Florida Crowned Snake
  Tantilla relicta pamlica Telford, 1966 -- valid -- Coastal Dunes Crown Snake
  Tantilla relicta relicta Telford, 1966 -- valid -- Peninsula Crown Snake
  Tantilla rubra diabola Fouquette and Potter, 1961 -- invalid -- Devil's River Black-headed Snake
  Thamnophis marcianus marcianus (Baird and Girard, 1853) -- valid -- Checkered Garter Snake
  Thamnophis sauritus nitae Rossman, 1963 -- invalid -- Blue-striped Ribbon Snake
  Thamnophis sauritus sackenii (Kennicott, 1859) -- invalid -- Peninsula Ribbon Snake
  Thamnophis sauritus sauritus (Linnaeus, 1766) -- invalid -- Eastern Ribbon Snake
  Thamnophis sauritus septentrionalis Rossman, 1963 -- invalid -- Northern Ribbon Snake
  Thamnophis sirtalis annectens Brown, 1950 -- valid -- Texas Garter Snake
  Thamnophis sirtalis semifasciatus (Cope, 1892) -- valid -- Chicago Garter Snake
  Thamnophis sirtalis similis Rossman, 1965 -- valid -- Blue-striped Garter Snake, Bluestripe Garter Snake
  Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis (Linnaeus, 1758) -- valid -- Eastern Garter Snake
  Urosaurus ornatus (Baird in Baird and Girard, 1852) -- valid -- Lagartija-arbolera común, Ornate Tree Lizard, Tree Lizard
  Urosaurus ornatus ornatus (Baird in Baird and Girard, 1852) -- valid -- Eastern Tree Lizard, Texas Tree Lizard
  Urosaurus ornatus schmidti (Mittleman, 1940) -- valid -- Big Bend Tree Lizard
  Uta stansburiana stejnegeri K. P. Schmidt, 1921 -- valid -- Desert Side-blotched Lizard, Eastern Side-blotched Lizard
  Virginia valeriae elegans Kennicott, 1859 -- invalid -- Western Earth Snake
  Virginia valeriae pulchra (Richmond, 1954) -- invalid -- Mountain Earth Snake
   

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