UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2011. Checklist of CITES species (CD-ROM). CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 2-88323-030-7. Available online at http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/pub/checklist11/index.html or from CITES Secretariat, Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Genève, Switzerland
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species
Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:
Federal Register, vol. 50, no. 188
US ESA: No longer a candidate species because more abundant and widespread than previously believed and not subject to the degree of threats to warrant status according to notice of review, as published in Federal Register Volume 50, Number 188, Pages 39526 - 39584, September 27, 1985
CITES: Removed from Appendix II, adopted at the 10th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Harare, 1997)
Verified Standards Met
Verified Min Standards Met
Percent Standards Met
ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available,
and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties.
However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date
information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species
are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a
party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have
been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S.
legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.