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Paralichthys  Girard, 1858
Taxonomic Serial No.: 172734

(Download Help) Paralichthys TSN 172734

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Uropsetta Gill, 1862
    Chaenopsetta Gill, 1861
  Common Name(s): Summer flounders [English]
    southern flounders [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2015   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                            OrderPleuronectiformes  – flatfishes, flounders, soles, limandes, plies, poissons plats  
                                  FamilyParalichthyidae  – flétans de sable, lenguados areneros, sand flounders, lefteye flounders  
                                     GenusParalichthys Girard, 1858 – Summer flounders, southern flounders  
    Direct Children:  
                                        Species Paralichthys adspersus (Steindachner, 1867)  
                                        Species Paralichthys aestuarius Gilbert & Scofield, 1898 – Cortez halibut, lenguado de Cortés, Cortez Halibut 
                                        Species Paralichthys albigutta Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 – Gulf flounder, lenguado panzablanca, Gulf Flounder 
                                        Species Paralichthys brasiliensis (Ranzani, 1842)  
                                        Species Paralichthys californicus (Ayres, 1859) – California halibut, lenguado californiano, California Halibut 
                                        Species Paralichthys delfini Pequeño & Plaza, 1987  
                                        Species Paralichthys dentatus (Linnaeus, 1766) – summer flounder, fluke, cardeau d'été, Summer Flounder 
                                        Species Paralichthys fernandezianus Steindachner, 1903  
                                        Species Paralichthys isosceles Jordan, 1891  
                                        Species Paralichthys lethostigma Jordan & Gilbert in Jordan & Meek, 1884 – southern flounder, lenguado limpio, Southern Flounder 
                                        Species Paralichthys microps (Günther, 1881)  
                                        Species Paralichthys oblongus (Mitchill, 1815) – fourspot flounder, cardeau à quatre ocelles, Fourspot Flounder 
                                        Species Paralichthys olivaceus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) – bastard halibut, false halibut, hirame, olive flounder 
                                        Species Paralichthys orbignyanus (Valenciennes, 1839)  
                                        Species Paralichthys patagonicus Jordan in Jordan & Goss, 1889  
                                        Species Paralichthys squamilentus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 – broad flounder, lenguado huarachón, Broad Flounder 
                                        Species Paralichthys triocellatus Miranda Ribeiro, 1903  
                                        Species Paralichthys tropicus Ginsburg, 1933  
                                        Species Paralichthys woolmani Jordan & Williams in Gilbert, 1897 – dappled flounder, lenguado huarache, Dappled Flounder 

  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Paralichthys    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 31-Oct-2014, website (version 31-Oct-14)  
  Acquired: 2014   
  Notes: Eschmeyer, W. N. (ed). Catalog of Fishes. ( Electronic version accessed 03-Nov-2014   
  Reference for: Paralichthys   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Paralichthys   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Catalog of Fishes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3   
  Page(s): 2905   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, California, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-47-5   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Paralichthys   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Reference for: Paralichthys   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Reference for: Paralichthys   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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