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Liris  Fabricius, 1804
Taxonomic Serial No.: 154315

(Download Help) Liris TSN 154315

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Lirisis Rafinesque, 1804
 
    Notogonia A. Costa, 1867
 
    Motes Kohl, 1897
 
    Caenolarra Cameron, 1900
 
    Leptolarra Cameron, 1900
 
    Spanolarra Cameron, 1900
 
    Notogonius Howard, 1901
 
    Chrysolarra Cameron, 1901
 
    Notogonidea Rohwer, 1911
 
    Dociliris Tsuneki, 1967
 
    Nigliris Tsuneki, 1967
 
    Colloliris Tsuneki, 1974
 
    Pitaliris Tsuneki, 1982
 
  Common Name(s):    
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2016   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomProtostomia   
          SuperphylumEcdysozoa   
             PhylumArthropoda  – Artrópode, arthropodes, arthropods  
                SubphylumHexapoda  – hexapods  
                   ClassInsecta  – insects, hexapoda, inseto, insectes  
                      SubclassPterygota  – insects ailés, winged insects  
                         InfraclassNeoptera  – modern, wing-folding insects  
                            SuperorderHolometabola   
                               OrderHymenoptera  – abelha, formiga, vespa, ants, bees, wasps  
                                  SuborderApocrita  – abeilles, fourmis, guêpes véritables, narrow-waisted hymenopterans, ants, bees, true wasps  
                                     InfraorderAculeata   
                                        SuperfamilyApoidea  – bees, sphecoid wasps, apoid wasps  
                                           FamilyCrabronidae Latreille, 1802 – crabronid wasps, cicadakillers, sand wasps, mud daubers  
                                              SubfamilyCrabroninae Latreille, 1802  
                                                 TribeLarrini Latreille, 1810  
                                                    SubtribeLarrina Latreille, 1810  
                                                       GenusLiris Fabricius, 1804  
    Direct Children:  
                                                          Species Liris abbreviatus (R. Turner, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris abyssinicus (Arnold, 1933)  
                                                          Species Liris aciculatus (Cameron, 1905)  
                                                          Species Liris aedilis (F. Smith, 1858)  
                                                          Species Liris agilis (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris agitatus (R. Turner, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris alaris (de Saussure, 1892)  
                                                          Species Liris alberti (Arnold, 1944)  
                                                          Species Liris albopilosus Tsuneki, 1967  
                                                          Species Liris angustiventris (Arnold, 1923)  
                                                          Species Liris antaka (de Saussure, 1890)  
                                                          Species Liris anthracinus Kohl, 1892  
                                                          Species Liris anthracinus (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris anticus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris antilles (Krombein, 1953)  
                                                          Species Liris apicalis (W. Fox, 1896)  
                                                          Species Liris apicipennis (Cameron, 1889)  
                                                          Species Liris appendiculatus (Taschenberg, 1870)  
                                                          Species Liris argentatus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1811)  
                                                          Species Liris argenticauda (Cameron, 1889)  
                                                          Species Liris argentifrons (Cameron, 1889)  
                                                          Species Liris asymphonus Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris aterrimus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris atratus (Spinola, 1805)  
                                                          Species Liris atripennis Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris atropos Gribodo, 1894  
                                                          Species Liris atrox Arnold, 1959  
                                                          Species Liris aurarius Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris aureohirtus Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris aurifrons (F. Smith, 1858)  
                                                          Species Liris aurulentus (Fabricius, 1787) – golden cricket wasp 
                                                          Species Liris australis (de Saussure, 1854)  
                                                          Species Liris avellanipes (de Saussure, 1890)  
                                                          Species Liris baguionis Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris bakeri (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris banoensis Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris basilissa (R. Turner, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris beatus (Cameron, 1889)  
                                                          Species Liris bellus (Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau, 1845)  
                                                          Species Liris bembesianus (Bischoff, 1913)  
                                                          Species Liris bengalensis (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris bequaerti (Arnold, 1929)  
                                                          Species Liris bicolor (W.F. Kirby, 1900)  
                                                          Species Liris bidentatus (Arnold, 1923)  
                                                          Species Liris biroi Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris bismarckanus Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris borneanus Tsuneki, 1974  
                                                          Species Liris bradleyi (Maidl, 1925)  
                                                          Species Liris braueri Kohl, 1884  
                                                          Species Liris braunsi (Arnold, 1923)  
                                                          Species Liris bredoi Benoit, 1951  
                                                          Species Liris brunnipennis Arnold, 1945  
                                                          Species Liris caeruleipennis (Maidl, 1925)  
                                                          Species Liris cameroni Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris campestris (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris carinatus Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris carolinensis Yasumatsu, 1941  
                                                          Species Liris cavicola Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris championi (Cameron, 1889)  
                                                          Species Liris cheesmanae Menke in R. Bohart and Menke, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris chrysobaptus (F. Smith, 1862)  
                                                          Species Liris chrysonotus (F. Smith, 1869)  
                                                          Species Liris ciliatus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris claripennis Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris claviformis T. Li, Cai and Q. Li, 2009  
                                                          Species Liris cleopatra de Beaumont, 1961  
                                                          Species Liris clypeatus (F. Smith, 1873)  
                                                          Species Liris clypefoveolatus T. Li, Cai and Q. Li, 2009  
                                                          Species Liris clypeopunctatus Tsuneki, 1974  
                                                          Species Liris commixtus (R. Turner, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris conjungens (Walker, 1871)  
                                                          Species Liris consobrinus Arnold, 1959  
                                                          Species Liris conspicuus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris corniger F. Williams, 1936  
                                                          Species Liris coronalis (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris cowani (W.F. Kirby, 1883)  
                                                          Species Liris crassicornis (Maidl, 1925)  
                                                          Species Liris crepitans Leclercq, 1967  
                                                          Species Liris croesus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris crux Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris cubitalis (de Saussure, 1887)  
                                                          Species Liris cupreohirtus Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris danus Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris davaonis Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris dejectus Arnold, 1945  
                                                          Species Liris deliquus Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris denticulatus (R. Turner, 1920)  
                                                          Species Liris dentipes (R. Turner, 1917)  
                                                          Species Liris deplanatus (Kohl, 1884)  
                                                          Species Liris diabolicus (F. Smith, 1873)  
                                                          Species Liris difficilis Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris distinguendus (Spinola, 1842)  
                                                          Species Liris dives (Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau, 1845)  
                                                          Species Liris dominganus (Strand, 1911)  
                                                          Species Liris dominicanus Evans, 1972  
                                                          Species Liris ducalis (F. Smith, 1860)  
                                                          Species Liris dyscheirus (de Saussure, 1892)  
                                                          Species Liris elegans (Bingham, 1897)  
                                                          Species Liris erythropus (Cameron, 1890)  
                                                          Species Liris erythropyga (Arnold, 1940)  
                                                          Species Liris erythrotomus (Cameron, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris esakii Yasumatsu, 1941  
                                                          Species Liris evansi Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris extensus (Walker, 1860)  
                                                          Species Liris facilis (F. Smith, 1873)  
                                                          Species Liris fasciatus (F. Smith, 1873)  
                                                          Species Liris ferrugineimarginalis T. Li, Cai and Q. Li, 2007  
                                                          Species Liris ferrugineipes (Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau, 1845)  
                                                          Species Liris festinans (F. Smith, 1858)  
                                                          Species Liris flavinervus (Cameron, 1900)  
                                                          Species Liris flavipennis (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris flavitinctus (Arnold, 1940)  
                                                          Species Liris formosus Amarante, 2002  
                                                          Species Liris foveiscutis (Cameron, 1913)  
                                                          Species Liris fuliginosus (Dahlbom, 1843)  
                                                          Species Liris fulvipes Fabricius, 1804  
                                                          Species Liris fulviventris (Guérin-Méneville, 1844)  
                                                          Species Liris funereus (F. Smith, 1863)  
                                                          Species Liris fuscatus Tsuneki, 1971  
                                                          Species Liris fuscinervus (Cameron, 1905)  
                                                          Species Liris fuscistigma (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris ganahlii (Dalla Torre, 1897)  
                                                          Species Liris gibbosus Kohl, 1892  
                                                          Species Liris gowdeyi (R. Turner, 1913)  
                                                          Species Liris gracilicornis (Arnold, 1923)  
                                                          Species Liris gryllicida Evans, 1972  
                                                          Species Liris haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius, 1804)  
                                                          Species Liris hanedai Tsuneki, 1971  
                                                          Species Liris huonensis Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris inca Amarante, 2002  
                                                          Species Liris incertus Arnold, 1945  
                                                          Species Liris indicus (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris infrunitus Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris inopinatus de Beaumont, 1961  
                                                          Species Liris insularis (de Saussure, 1867)  
                                                          Species Liris intermedius (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris iridipennis (Maidl, 1925)  
                                                          Species Liris iriomotensis Tsuneki, 1972  
                                                          Species Liris irroratus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris ituriensis Benoit, 1951  
                                                          Species Liris jaculator (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris jucundus Arnold, 1959  
                                                          Species Liris kalilianus Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris karnyi (Maidl, 1927)  
                                                          Species Liris keiseri (Leclercq, 1961)  
                                                          Species Liris khasianus (Cameron, 1905)  
                                                          Species Liris krombeini Menke in R. Bohart and Menke, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris kuchingensis (Cameron, 1909)  
                                                          Species Liris labiatus (Fabricius, 1793)  
                                                          Species Liris laboriosus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris larriformis (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris larroides (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris laterisetosus (Spinola, 1851)  
                                                          Species Liris lemkamin Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris ligulatus (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris limpidipennis (F. Smith, 1873)  
                                                          Species Liris liparus Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris liriformis (F. Williams, 1947)  
                                                          Species Liris litoralis Tsuneki, 1963  
                                                          Species Liris longicornis (Cameron, 1900)  
                                                          Species Liris longitarsis (Cameron, 1900)  
                                                          Species Liris luctuosus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris luteipennis (Cresson, 1869)  
                                                          Species Liris lutusator (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris magnificus Kohl, 1884  
                                                          Species Liris maidli (Arnold, 1929)  
                                                          Species Liris makiling Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris mandibularis Menke in R. Bohart and Menke, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris manusanus Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris melanius R. Turner, 1916  
                                                          Species Liris melanopterus Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris memnonius (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris menkei Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris mescalero (Pate, 1943)  
                                                          Species Liris mexicanus Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris mindanaoensis F. Williams, 1928  
                                                          Species Liris minimus (Arnold, 1923)  
                                                          Species Liris miscophoides (Arnold, 1923)  
                                                          Species Liris modestus (F. Smith, 1859)  
                                                          Species Liris molestus Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris montivagus (Cameron, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris mordax Kohl, 1892  
                                                          Species Liris morio Kohl, 1892  
                                                          Species Liris morobensis Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris morrae (Strand, 1910)  
                                                          Species Liris muspa (Pate, 1943)  
                                                          Species Liris mussauanus Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris naguilianus Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris nearcticus Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris neavei (R. Turner, 1917)  
                                                          Species Liris negrosensis (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris nielseni Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris niger (Fabricius, 1775)  
                                                          Species Liris nigricans (Walker, 1871)  
                                                          Species Liris nigripes (de Saussure, 1867)  
                                                          Species Liris nigrispinus Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris nitens (Arnold, 1929)  
                                                          Species Liris novaguineanus Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris nugax (Kohl, 1894)  
                                                          Species Liris obliquetruncatus (R. Turner, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris obtusedentatus (Maidl, 1925)  
                                                          Species Liris odontophorus (Kohl, 1894)  
                                                          Species Liris opalipennis (Kohl, 1898)  
                                                          Species Liris ordinarius (Arnold, 1932)  
                                                          Species Liris ornatitarsis (Cameron, 1911)  
                                                          Species Liris pacificatrix (R. Turner, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris palawanus Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris panamensis (Cameron, 1889)  
                                                          Species Liris papuanus Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris papuensis Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris partitus Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris parvulus (Schrottky, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris parvus (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris peruanus (Brèthes, 1924)  
                                                          Species Liris peterseni Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris picipes (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris pictipennis (Maidl, 1924)  
                                                          Species Liris piliventris (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris pilosa (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris pitamawa (Rohwer, 1919)  
                                                          Species Liris plebejus (Taschenberg, 1870)  
                                                          Species Liris pluto (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris politicus (Dalla Torre, 1897)  
                                                          Species Liris primanius (Kohl, 1894)  
                                                          Species Liris pruinosus (F. Smith, 1873)  
                                                          Species Liris pruinosus (Cameron, 1901)  
                                                          Species Liris pulcherrimus (Cameron, 1902)  
                                                          Species Liris punctatus Tsuneki, 1974  
                                                          Species Liris pygidialis Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris pygmaeus (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris quadrifasciatus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris radialis (de Saussure, 1887)  
                                                          Species Liris radulinus Evans, 1972  
                                                          Species Liris reconditus (R. Turner, 1916)  
                                                          Species Liris regina (R. Turner, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris retirugosus T. Li, Cai and Q. Li, 2009  
                                                          Species Liris robustoides (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris robustus (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris rohweri (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris rubellus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris rubricatus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris rubripes Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris rufipennis Fabricius, 1804  
                                                          Species Liris rufitarsis (Cameron, 1900)  
                                                          Species Liris rufoscapus (Cameron, 1905)  
                                                          Species Liris rufula Simon Thomas, 1995  
                                                          Species Liris rugifer (R. Turner, 1918)  
                                                          Species Liris sabrinus (Leclercq, 1961)  
                                                          Species Liris sabulosus (F. Smith, 1863)  
                                                          Species Liris sagax Kohl, 1892  
                                                          Species Liris samoa Menke in R. Bohart and Menke, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris samoensis F. Williams, 1928  
                                                          Species Liris scabriusculus Arnold, 1945  
                                                          Species Liris semiappendiculatus (Cameron, 1912)  
                                                          Species Liris semicarinatus Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris senegalensis Simon Thomas, 1995  
                                                          Species Liris sepulchralis (Gerstaecker in Peters, 1858)  
                                                          Species Liris serenus (R. Turner, 1908)  
                                                          Species Liris sericosoma (R. Turner, 1913)  
                                                          Species Liris seychellensis (Cameron, 1907)  
                                                          Species Liris silvicola (F. Williams, 1928)  
                                                          Species Liris simbang Tsuneki, 1983  
                                                          Species Liris similis Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris simulatrix (Arnold, 1923)  
                                                          Species Liris smithi Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris solomonis Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris solstitialis (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris sophiae Evans, 1972  
                                                          Species Liris spathulifer (R. Turner, 1916)  
                                                          Species Liris splendens (Ashmead, 1900)  
                                                          Species Liris strenuus (Cameron, 1905)  
                                                          Species Liris striaticollis (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris subfasciatus (Walker, 1871)  
                                                          Species Liris subpetiolatus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris subtessellatus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris sulcifrons (Cameron, 1905)  
                                                          Species Liris sumatrensis (Maidl, 1927)  
                                                          Species Liris surusumi Tsuneki, 1966  
                                                          Species Liris tachytoides Tsuneki, 1963  
                                                          Species Liris tanoi Tsuneki, 1974  
                                                          Species Liris tegularis (Cameron, 1902)  
                                                          Species Liris tegularis (Cameron, 1905)  
                                                          Species Liris tenebrosus (F. Smith, 1873)  
                                                          Species Liris testaceicornis (Cameron, 1905)  
                                                          Species Liris thaianus Tsuneki, 1963  
                                                          Species Liris thysanomerus (Kohl, 1894)  
                                                          Species Liris tibicundus Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris tinctipennis (Cameron, 1889)  
                                                          Species Liris tisiphone (F. Smith, 1858)  
                                                          Species Liris townesi (Krombein, 1949)  
                                                          Species Liris transversus Cheesman, 1955  
                                                          Species Liris trifasciatus (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris tristis (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris trivittatus (W.F. Kirby, 1900)  
                                                          Species Liris tropicalis Arnold, 1960  
                                                          Species Liris turneri Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris ubatama Tsuneki, 1982  
                                                          Species Liris uelensis Benoit, 1951  
                                                          Species Liris umbripennis (Cameron, 1902)  
                                                          Species Liris utopicus (Leclercq, 1961)  
                                                          Species Liris vagans (Arnold, 1940)  
                                                          Species Liris varipilosus (Cameron, 1903)  
                                                          Species Liris vechti Sudheendrakumar and Narendran, 1985  
                                                          Species Liris vigilans (F. Smith, 1856)  
                                                          Species Liris vincenti Krombein and Shanks Gingras, 1984  
                                                          Species Liris violaceipennis Cameron, 1904  
                                                          Species Liris vivax (Cameron, 1905)  
                                                          Species Liris voeltzkowii (Kohl, 1909)  
                                                          Species Liris vollenhovius (Ritsema, 1874)  
                                                          Species Liris wheeleri Arnold, 1960  
                                                          Species Liris xanthopterus Arnold, 1945  
                                                          Species Liris xavieri Tsuneki, 1976  
                                                          Species Liris yanonis Tsuneki, 1983  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wojciech J. Pulawski  
  Notes: Curator of Entomology, Emeritus. California Academy of Sciences. Golden Gate Park, 55 Music Concourse Drive, San Francisco, California, 94118, USA   
  Reference for: Liris    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Sphecidae (s.l.); Catalog of Genera and Species, 2016, website (version various)  
  Acquired: 2016   
  Notes: Pulawski, Wojciech J. 2016. Catalog of Sphecidae sensu lato: Catalog of Genera and Species. http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/entomology/entomology_resources/hymenoptera/sphecidae/genera/   
  Reference for: Liris   
       
  Source: Catalog of Sphecidae (s.l.); Family-Group Names / Classification, website (version 2016)  
  Acquired: 2016   
  Notes: Pulawski, Wojciech J. 2016. Catalog of Sphecidae sensu lato: Family Group Names and Classification. http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/entomology/entomology_resources/hymenoptera/sphecidae/family_group_names_and_classification.pdf   
  Reference for: Liris   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Liris   
       
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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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