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Gymnothorax  Bloch, 1795
Taxonomic Serial No.: 161185

(Download Help) Gymnothorax TSN 161185

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Rabula Jordan and Davis, 1891
    Lycodontis Jordan and Evermann, 1896
    Siderea Kaup, 1856
    Thyrsoidea Kaup, 1856
  Common Name(s): common morays [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2004   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                   SuperclassOsteichthyes  – bony fishes, poissons osseux, osteíceto, peixe ósseo  
                      ClassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                         SubclassNeopterygii  – neopterygians  
                                  OrderAnguilliformes  – eels, anguilles  
                                        FamilyMuraenidae  – morays, morenas, murènes, moray eels  
                                              GenusGymnothorax Bloch, 1795 – common morays  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax afer Bloch, 1795  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax albimarginatus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax angusticauda (Weber and de Beaufort, 1916)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax angusticeps (Hildebrand and Barton, 1949)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax annasona Whitley, 1937  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax annulatus Smith and Böhlke, 1997  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax atolli (Pietschmann, 1935)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax australicola Lavenberg, 1992  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax austrinus Böhlke and McCosker, 2001  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax bacalladoi Böhlke and Brito, 1987  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax bathyphilus Randall and McCosker, 1975  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax berndti Snyder, 1904  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax breedeni McCosker and Randall, 1977  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax buroensis (Bleeker, 1857) – latticetail moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax castaneus (Jordan and Gilbert, 1883) – Panamic green moray, morena verde panámica 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax castlei Böhlke and Randall, 1999  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax cephalospilus Böhlke and McCosker, 2001  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax chilospilus Bleeker, 1865  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax chlamydatus Snyder, 1908  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax conspersus Poey, 1867 – saddled moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax cribroris Whitley, 1932  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax dorsalis Seale, 1917  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax dovii (Günther, 1870) – finespotted moray, morena pintita 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax elegans Bliss, 1883  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax enigmaticus McCosker and Randall, 1982  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax equatorialis (Hildebrand, 1946) – spottail moray, morena cola pintada 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax eurostus (Abbott, 1860)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax eurygnathos Böhlke, 2001  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax favagineus Bloch and Schneider, 1801  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax fimbriatus (Bennett, 1832) – darkspotted moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax flavimarginatus (Rüppell, 1830) – yellowedged moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax flavoculus (Böhlke and Randall, 1996)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax formosus Bleeker, 1865  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax funebris Ranzani, 1839 – green moray, morena verde 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax fuscomaculatus (Schultz in Schultz, Herald, Lachner, Welander and Woods, 1953)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax gracilicauda Jenkins, 1903  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax griseus (Lacepède, 1803) – geometric moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax hepaticus (Rüppell, 1830)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax herrei Beebe and Tee-van, 1933  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax hubbsi Böhlke and Böhlke, 1977 – lichen moray, morena liquen 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax intesi (Fourmanoir and Rivaton, 1979)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax isingteena (Richardson, 1845)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax javanicus (Bleeker, 1859)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax johnsoni (Smith, 1962)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax kolpos Böhlke and Böhlke, 1980 – blacktail moray, morena cola negra 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax kontodontos Böhlke, 2000  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax longinquus (Whitley, 1948)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax maderensis (Johnson, 1862) – sharktooth moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax mareei Poll, 1953  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax margaritophorus Bleeker, 1865 – turnkeyed moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax marshallensis (Schultz in Schultz, Herald, Lachner, Welander and Woods, 1953)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax mccoskeri Smith and Böhlke, 1997  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax megaspilus Böhlke and Randall, 1995  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax melatremus Schultz in Schultz, Herald, Lachner, Welander and Woods, 1953  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax meleagris (Shaw in Shaw and Nodder, 1795) – puhi 'oni'o, guineafowl moray, spotted moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax microstictus Böhlke, 2000  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856) – goldentail moray, morena de cola dorada, morena cola dorada, conger moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax minor (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax moluccensis (Bleeker, 1865)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax monochrous (Bleeker, 1856)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax monostigma (Regan, 1909)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax mordax (Ayres, 1859) – California moray, morena de California 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier, 1829) – spotted moray, morena manchada 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax nasuta de Buen, 1961  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax neglectus Tanaka, 1911  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax nigromarginatus (Girard, 1858) – blackedge moray, morena de margen negro 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax niphostigmus Chen, Shao and Chen, 1996  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax nubilus (Richardson, 1848)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax nudivomer (Günther in Playfair and Günther, 1867) – starry moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax nuttingi Snyder, 1904  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax obesus (Whitley, 1932)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax ocellatus Agassiz in Spix and Agassiz, 1831 – Caribbean ocellated moray, moray eel, morena ocelada, spotted moray, ocellated moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax panamensis (Steindachner, 1876) – masked moray, morena mapache 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax parini Collette, Smith and Böhlke, 1991  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax phalarus Bussing, 1998  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax phasmatodes (Smith, 1962)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax philippinus Jordan and Seale, 1907  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax pictus (Ahl, 1789) – painted moray, painted reef eel 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax pikei Bliss, 1883  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax pindae Smith, 1962  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax polygonius Poey, 1875 – reticulated moray eel, polygon moray, morena de polígonos, morena polígona 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax polyspondylus Böhlke and Randall, 2000  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax polyuranodon (Bleeker, 1853) – freshwater moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax porphyreus (Guichenot, 1848)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax prasinus (Richardson, 1848)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax prionodon Ogilby, 1895  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax prismodon Böhlke and Randall, 2000  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax prolatus Sasaki and Amaoka, 1991  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax pseudoherrei Böhlke, 2000  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax pseudothyrsoideus (Bleeker, 1852)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax punctatofasciatus Bleeker, 1863  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax punctatus Bloch and Schneider, 1801  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax randalli Smith and Böhlke, 1997  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax reevesii (Richardson, 1845)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax reticularis Bloch, 1795  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax richardsonii (Bleeker, 1852) – y-lined moray, spotted-lip moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax robinsi Böhlke, 1997  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax rueppellii (McClelland, 1844) – Ruppell's moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax ryukyuensis Hatooka, 2003  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax sagmacephalus Böhlke, 1997  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax saxicola Jordan and Davis, 1891 – honeycomb moray, ocellated moray, morena punteada, morena panal 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax serratidens (Hildebrand and Barton, 1949)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax sokotrensis Kotthaus, 1968  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax steindachneri Jordan and Evermann, 1903  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax thyrsoideus (Richardson, 1845) – slender moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax tile (Hamilton, 1822)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax undulatus (Lacepède, 1803) – nami-utsubo, common Hawaiian moray, leopard moray 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax unicolor (Delaroche, 1809)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax vagrans (Seale, 1917)  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax verrilli (Jordan and Gilbert, 1883) – white-edged moray, morena de borde blanco 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax vicinus (Castelnau, 1855) – purplemouth moray, morena de boca púrpura, morena amarilla 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax wilsoni Bloch and Schneider, 1801 – Cape conger 
                                                 Species Gymnothorax woodwardi McCulloch, 1912  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax ypsilon Hatooka and Randall, 1992  
                                                 Species Gymnothorax zonipectis Seale, 1906  

  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 13-May-2004, website (version 10-May-04)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Böhlke, E. B., J. E. Böhlke, M. M. Leiby, J. E. McCosker, et al. / Böhlke, Eugenia B., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1989   
  Article/Chapter Title: Orders Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, no. 1, pt. 9, vol. 1   
  Page(s): xvii + 1-656   
  Publisher: Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Yale University   
  Publication Place: New Haven, Connecticut, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-935868-45-3   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N.  
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Genera of Recent Fishes   
  Page(s): iii + 697   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, CA, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-23-8   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Reference for: Gymnothorax   

 Geographic Information
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