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Characidae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 162848

(Download Help) Characidae TSN 162848

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s): Characidiidae
 
    Crenuchidae
 
    Serrasalmidae
 
    Characinae
 
    Tetragonopterinae
 
    Iguanodectinae
 
    Glandulocaudinae
 
    Serrasalminae
 
    Rhoadsiinae
 
    Crenuchinae
 
    Characidiinae
 
    Stethaprioninae
 
  Common Name(s): American characins [English]
 
    characins [English]
 
    tetras [English]
 
    carácidos [Spanish]
 
    characins [French]
 
    charicidés [French]
 
    tétras [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2003   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons ŕ nageoires rayonnées  
                      ClassTeleostei   
                         SuperorderOstariophysi   
                            OrderCharaciformes  – piranhas, leporins, piranhas  
                               FamilyCharacidae  – American characins, characins, tetras, carácidos, characins, charicidés, tétras  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Genus Acanthocharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  Genus Acestrocephalus Eigenmann, 1910  
                                  Genus Acinocheirodon Malabarba and Weitzman, 1999  
                                  Genus Acnodon Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  Genus Acrobrycon Eigenmann and Pearson in Pearson, 1924  
                                  Genus Agoniates Müller and Troschel, 1845  
                                  Genus Ammocryptocharax Weitzman and Kanazawa, 1976  
                                  Genus Aphyocharacidium Géry, 1960  
                                  Genus Aphyocheirodon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  Genus Aphyodite Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  Genus Argopleura Eigenmann, 1913  
                                  Genus Astyanacinus Eigenmann, 1907  
                                  Genus Astyanax Baird and Girard, 1854 – astynaxes 
                                  Genus Atopomesus Myers, 1927  
                                  Genus Attonitus Vari and Ortega, 2000  
                                  Genus Aulixidens Böhlke, 1952  
                                  Genus Bario Myers, 1940  
                                  Genus Brachychalcinus Boulenger, 1892  
                                  Genus Bramocharax Gill in Gill and Bransford, 1877  
                                  Genus Brittanichthys Géry, 1965  
                                  Genus Bryconacidnus Myers in Eigenmann and Myers, 1929  
                                  Genus Bryconamericus Eigenmann in Eigenmann, McAtee and Ward, 1907  
                                  Genus Bryconella Géry, 1965  
                                  Genus Bryconexodon Géry, 1980  
                                  Genus Bryconops Kner, 1858  
                                  Genus Caiapobrycon Malabarba and Vari, 2000  
                                  Genus Carlana Strand, 1928  
                                  Genus Catoprion Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  Genus Ceratobranchia Eigenmann in Eigenmann, Henn and Wilson, 1914  
                                  Genus Chalceus Cuvier, 1818  
                                  Genus Characidium Reinhardt, 1867  
                                  Genus Charax Scopoli, 1777  
                                  Genus Cheirodon Girard, 1855  
                                  Genus Cheirodontops Schultz, 1944  
                                  Genus Chilobrycon Géry and de Rham, 1981  
                                  Genus Chrysobrycon Weitzman and Menezes, 1998  
                                  Genus Clupeacharax Pearson, 1924  
                                  Genus Colossoma Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                  Genus Compsura Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  Genus Coptobrycon Géry, 1966  
                                  Genus Corynopoma Gill, 1858  
                                  Genus Creagrutus Günther, 1864  
                                  Genus Crenuchus Günther, 1863  
                                  Genus Cyanocharax Malabarba and Weitzman, 2003  
                                  Genus Cynopotamus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850  
                                  Genus Deuterodon Eigenmann in Eigenmann, McAtee and Ward, 1907  
                                  Genus Diapoma Cope, 1894  
                                  Genus Elachocharax Myers, 1927  
                                  Genus Engraulisoma Castro, 1981  
                                  Genus Galeocharax Fowler, 1910  
                                  Genus Genycharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  Genus Gephyrocharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  Genus Geryichthys Zarske, 1997  
                                  Genus Glandulocauda Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  Genus Gnathocharax Fowler, 1913  
                                  Genus Grundulus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846  
                                  Genus Gymnocharacinus Steindachner, 1903  
                                  Genus Gymnocorymbus Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  Genus Gymnotichthys Fernández-Yépez, 1950  
                                  Genus Hasemania Ellis, 1911  
                                  Genus Hemibrycon Günther, 1864  
                                  Genus Hemigrammus Gill, 1858  
                                  Genus Henochilus Garman, 1890  
                                  Genus Heterocharax Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  Genus Heterocheirodon Malabarba, 1998  
                                  Genus Hollandichthys Eigenmann, 1910  
                                  Genus Hoplocharax Géry, 1966  
                                  Genus Hyphessobrycon Durbin in Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  Genus Hypobrycon Malabarba and Malabarba, 1994  
                                  Genus Hysteronotus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  Genus Iguanodectes Cope, 1872  
                                  Genus Inpaichthys Géry and Junk, 1977  
                                  Genus Iotabrycon Roberts, 1973  
                                  Genus Jupiaba Zanata, 1997  
                                  Genus Klausewitzia Géry, 1965  
                                  Genus Knodus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  Genus Kolpotocheirodon Malabarba and Weitzman, 2000  
                                  Genus Landonia Eigenmann and Henn in Eigenmann, Henn and Wilson, 1914  
                                  Genus Leptagoniates Boulenger, 1887  
                                  Genus Leptobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  Genus Leptocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                  Genus Lignobrycon Eigenmann and Myers, 1929  
                                  Genus Lonchogenys Myers, 1927  
                                  Genus Lophiobrycon Castro, Ribeira, Benine and Melo, 2003  
                                  Genus Macropsobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  Genus Markiana Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  Genus Melanocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                  Genus Metynnis Cope, 1878  
                                  Genus Microcharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                  Genus Microgenys Eigenmann, 1913  
                                  Genus Microschemobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  Genus Mimagoniates Regan, 1907  
                                  Genus Mixobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  Genus Moenkhausia Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  Genus Monotocheirodon Eigenmann and Pearson in Pearson, 1924  
                                  Genus Mylesinus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850  
                                  Genus Myleus Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  Genus Myloplus Gill, 1896  
                                  Genus Mylossoma Eigenmann and Kennedy, 1903  
                                  Genus Nanocheirodon Malabarba, 1998  
                                  Genus Nematocharax Weitzman, Menezes and Britski, 1986  
                                  Genus Odontocharacidium Buckup, 1993  
                                  Genus Odontostilbe Cope, 1870  
                                  Genus Odontostoechus Gomes, 1947  
                                  Genus Oligobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  Genus Oligosarcus Günther, 1864  
                                  Genus Orthospinus Reis, 1989  
                                  Genus Ossubtus Jégu, 1992  
                                  Genus Othonocheirodus Myers, 1927  
                                  Genus Oxybrycon Géry, 1964  
                                  Genus Paracheirodon Géry, 1960 – neon tetras, green tetras, cardinal tetras 
                                  Genus Parapristella Géry, 1964  
                                  Genus Parastremma Eigenmann, 1912  
                                  Genus Parecbasis Eigenmann, 1914  
                                  Genus Phenacobrycon Eigenmann, 1922  
                                  Genus Phenacogaster Eigenmann, 1907  
                                  Genus Phenagoniates Eigenmann and Wilson in Eigenmann, Henn and Wilson, 1914  
                                  Genus Piabarchus Myers, 1928  
                                  Genus Piabina Reinhardt, 1867  
                                  Genus Piabucus Oken, 1817  
                                  Genus Piaractus Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  Genus Planaltina Böhlke, 1954  
                                  Genus Poecilocharax Eigenmann, 1909  
                                  Genus Poptella Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  Genus Priocharax Weitzman and Vari, 1987  
                                  Genus Pristella Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  Genus Pristobrycon Eigenmann, 1915  
                                  Genus Probolodus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  Genus Prodontocharax Eigenmann and Pearson in Pearson, 1924  
                                  Genus Psalidodon Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  Genus Psellogrammus Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  Genus Pseudochalceus Kner, 1863  
                                  Genus Pseudocheirodon Meek and Hildebrand, 1916  
                                  Genus Pseudocorynopoma Perugia, 1891  
                                  Genus Pterobrycon Eigenmann, 1913  
                                  Genus Ptychocharax Weitzman, Fink, Machado-Allison and Royero L., 1994  
                                  Genus Pygocentrus Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  Genus Pygopristis Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  Genus Rachoviscus Myers, 1926  
                                  Genus Rhinobrycon Myers, 1944  
                                  Genus Rhinopetitia Géry, 1964  
                                  Genus Rhoadsia Fowler, 1911  
                                  Genus Roeboexodon Géry, 1959  
                                  Genus Roeboides Günther, 1864  
                                  Genus Saccoderma Schultz, 1944  
                                  Genus Salminus Agassiz in Spix and Agassiz, 1829  
                                  Genus Schultzites Géry, 1964  
                                  Genus Scissor Günther, 1864  
                                  Genus Scopaeocharax Weitzman and Fink, 1985  
                                  Genus Serrabrycon Vari, 1986  
                                  Genus Serrapinnus Malabarba, 1998  
                                  Genus Serrasalmus Lacepčde, 1803  
                                  Genus Skiotocharax Presswell, Weitzman and Bergquist, 2000  
                                  Genus Spintherobolus Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  Genus Stethaprion Cope, 1870  
                                  Genus Stichonodon Eigenmann, 1903  
                                  Genus Stygichthys Brittan and Böhlke, 1965  
                                  Genus Tetragonopterus Cuvier, 1816  
                                  Genus Thrissobrycon Böhlke, 1953  
                                  Genus Tometes Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850  
                                  Genus Tucanoichthys Géry and Römer, 1997  
                                  Genus Tyttobrycon Géry, 1973  
                                  Genus Tyttocharax Fowler, 1913  
                                  Genus Utiaritichthys Miranda Ribeiro, 1937  
                                  Genus Xenurobrycon Myers and Miranda Ribeiro, 1945  
       
                                FamilyCharacidae  incertae sedis  
    Children with Uncertain Position:  
                                  Species Cheirodon jaguaribensis Fowler, 1941  
                                  Species Cheirodon ortegai Vari and Géry, 1980  
                                  Species Cheirodon pulcher (Gill, 1858)  
                                  Species Deuterodon potaroensis Eigenmann, 1909  
                                  Genus Aphyocharax Günther, 1868  
                                  Genus Axelrodia Géry, 1965  
                                  Genus Boehlkea Géry, 1966  
                                  Genus Brycon Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  Genus Carlastyanax Géry, 1972  
                                  Genus Ctenobrycon Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  Genus Exodon Müller and Troschel, 1844  
                                  Genus Nematobrycon Eigenmann, 1911  
                                  Genus Paragoniates Steindachner, 1876  
                                  Genus Petitella Géry and Boutičre, 1964  
                                  Genus Prionobrama Fowler, 1913  
                                  Genus Thayeria Eigenmann, 1908  
                                  Genus Triportheus Cope, 1872  
                                  Genus Xenagoniates Myers, 1942  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Wayne C. Starnes  
  Notes: Research Curator of Fishes, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Research Laboratory, 4301 Reedy Creek Rd., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA   
  Reference for: Characidae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: charicidés[French], tétras [French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: The second edition of the Vertebrate Checklist is in press as of 2/1998.   
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, et al., eds.  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, Sixth Edition   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 29   
  Page(s): ix + 386   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-61-1, 0097-0638  
  Notes: Full author list: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams   
  Reference for: carácidos[Spanish], characins [English], characins [French]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Riehl, R., and H. A. Baensch  
  Publication Date: 1989   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Aquarium Atlas   
  Page(s): 992   
  Publisher: Hans A. Baensch   
  Publication Place: Melle, Germany   
  ISBN/ISSN: 3-88244-050-3   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae, American characins [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Characidae, characins [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
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  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

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