Integrated Taxonomic Information System - Report

Go to Print Version

Hippocampus  Rafinesque, 1810
Taxonomic Serial No.: 166487

(Download Help) Hippocampus TSN 166487

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Hippocampus ramulosus Leach in Leach and Nodder, 1814
  Common Name(s): seahorses [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2004   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                            OrderGasterosteiformes  – pipefishes, sticklebacks  
                               SuborderSyngnathoidei  – pipefishes, seahorses, hippocampes  
                                  FamilySyngnathidae  – pipefishes, seahorses, hippocampes, peces pipa y caballitos de mar  
                                        GenusHippocampus Rafinesque, 1810 – seahorses  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Species Hippocampus abdominalis Lesson, 1827 – large seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus alatus Kuiter, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus algiricus Kaup, 1856  
                                           Species Hippocampus angustus Günther, 1870  
                                           Species Hippocampus arnei (Roule, 1916)  
                                           Species Hippocampus barbouri Jordan and Richardson, 1908  
                                           Species Hippocampus bargibanti Whitley, 1970  
                                           Species Hippocampus bicuspis Kaup, 1856  
                                           Species Hippocampus biocellatus Kuiter, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus bleekeri Fowler, 1907  
                                           Species Hippocampus borboniensis Duméril, 1870  
                                           Species Hippocampus breviceps Peters, 1869  
                                           Species Hippocampus camelopardalis Bianconi, 1854 – giraffe seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus capensis Boulenger, 1900 – Knysna seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus chinensis Basilewsky, 1855  
                                           Species Hippocampus colemani Kuiter, 2003  
                                           Species Hippocampus comes Cantor, 1849  
                                           Species Hippocampus coronatus Temminck and Schlegel, 1850 – common japanese seahorse, horned seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus curvicuspis Fricke, 2004  
                                           Species Hippocampus dahli Ogilby, 1908  
                                           Species Hippocampus debelius Gomon and Kuiter, 2009  
                                           Species Hippocampus denise Lourie and Randall, 2003  
                                           Species Hippocampus erectus Perry, 1810 – lined seahorse, spotted seahorse, caballito erecto, caballito estriado 
                                           Species Hippocampus europaeus Ginsburg, 1933  
                                           Species Hippocampus fisheri Jordan and Evermann, 1903  
                                           Species Hippocampus fuscus Rüppell, 1838  
                                           Species Hippocampus grandiceps Kuiter, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus guttulatus Cuvier, 1829  
                                           Species Hippocampus hendriki Kuiter, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus hilonis Jordan & Evermann, 1903  
                                           Species Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus, 1758) – seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus histrix Kaup, 1856 – thorny seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus ingens Girard, 1858 – Pacific giant seahorse, Pacific seahorse, caballito del Pacífico 
                                           Species Hippocampus japonicus Kaup, 1856 – coral seahorse, japan seahorse, coral seahorse, Japan seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus jayakari Boulenger, 1900  
                                           Species Hippocampus jugumus Kuiter, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus kampylotrachelos Bleeker, 1854  
                                           Species Hippocampus kelloggi Jordan and Snyder, 1901  
                                           Species Hippocampus kuda Bleeker, 1852 – spotted seahorse, yellow seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus lichtensteinii Kaup, 1856  
                                           Species Hippocampus manadensis Bleeker, 1856  
                                           Species Hippocampus minotaur Gomon, 1997  
                                           Species Hippocampus mohnikei Bleeker, 1853  
                                           Species Hippocampus moluccensis Bleeker, 1852  
                                           Species Hippocampus montebelloensis Kuiter, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus multispinus Kuiter, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus natalensis von Bonde, 1923  
                                           Species Hippocampus paradoxus Foster & Gomon, 2010  
                                           Species Hippocampus patagonicus Piacentino and Luzzatto, 2004  
                                           Species Hippocampus planifrons Peters, 1877 – lowcrowned seahorse, lowcrowned seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus polytaenia Bleeker, 1854  
                                           Species Hippocampus pontohi Lourie & Kuiter, 2008  
                                           Species Hippocampus procerus Kuiter, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus pusillus Fricke, 2004  
                                           Species Hippocampus queenslandicus Horne, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933 – longsnout seahorse, caballito narizon, caballito hocico largo 
                                           Species Hippocampus satomiae Lourie & Kuiter, 2008  
                                           Species Hippocampus semispinosus Kuiter, 2001  
                                           Species Hippocampus sindonis Jordan and Snyder, 1901  
                                           Species Hippocampus spinosissimus Weber, 1913 – spiny seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus subelongatus Castelnau, 1873  
                                           Species Hippocampus suezensis Duncker, 1940  
                                           Species Hippocampus taeniopterus Bleeker, 1852  
                                           Species Hippocampus trimaculatus Leach in Leach and Nodder, 1814 – longnose seahorse 
                                           Species Hippocampus tristis Castelnau, 1872  
                                           Species Hippocampus tuberculatus Castelnau, 1875  
                                           Species Hippocampus tyro Randall & Lourie, 2009  
                                           Species Hippocampus villosus Günther, 1880  
                                           Species Hippocampus waleananus Gomon and Kuiter, 2009  
                                           Species Hippocampus whitei Bleeker, 1855  
                                           Species Hippocampus zebra Whitley, 1964  
                                           Species Hippocampus zosterae Jordan and Gilbert, 1882 – dwarf seahorse, little seahorse, pygmy seahorse, caballito oliváceo, caballito enano 

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 13-May-2004, website (version 10-May-04)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
  Source: Checklist of CITES Species Part 1 CITES species index, CD-ROM (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2011. Checklist of CITES species (CD-ROM). CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 2-88323-030-7. Available online at or from CITES Secretariat, Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Genève, Switzerland   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N.  
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Genera of Recent Fishes   
  Page(s): iii + 697   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, CA, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-23-8   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Catalog of Fishes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3   
  Page(s): 2905   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, California, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-47-5   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Lourie, Sara A., Amanda C. J. Vincent, and Heather J. Hall  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Seahorses. An identification guide to the world's species and their conservation   
  Page(s): x + 214   
  Publisher: Project Seahorse   
  Publication Place: London, United kingdom   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-9534693-0-1   
  Notes: Updates and additional information avalable online at the Project Seahorse website   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Lourie, Sara A., Sarah J. Foster, Ernest W. T. Cooper, and Amanda C. J. Vincent  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: A Guide to the Identification of Seahorses   
  Page(s): ii + 114   
  Publisher: Project Seahorse and TRAFFIC North America   
  Publication Place: Washington DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-89164-169-6   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Joseph S.  
  Publication Date: 1994   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fishes of the World, Third Edition   
  Page(s): xvii + 600   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-54713-1   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Reference for: Hippocampus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: CITES: Appendix II adopted at the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Doha, 2010)  



 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar