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Bufo marinus  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 173489

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Common Name(s): Giant Toad [English]
 
    Sapo gigante [Spanish]
 
    Marine Toad [English]
 
    Cane Toad [English]
 
  Valid Name: Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758)
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: invalid - subsequent name/combination   
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Bufo marinus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: An online reference, website (version 2.20)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2000. Amphibian Species of the World: An online reference. V2.20 (1 September 2000) (http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html)   
  Reference for: Bufo marinus   
       
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3, database (version 5.3)  
  Acquired: 2009   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2009. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.3 (12 February, 2009). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/ American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA   
  Reference for: Bufo marinus   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Bufo marinus   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Sapo gigante[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bufo marinus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Bufo marinus, Marine Toad [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bufo marinus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 29   
  Page(s): iv + 82   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-916984-54-0   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bufo marinus, Cane Toad [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, K. de Queiroz, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 29   
  Page(s): iv + 82   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-916984-54-0   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cane Toad[English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bufo marinus   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Australia  
    Middle America  
    Oceania  
    South America  
    Southern Asia  
    North America  
    Caribbean  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native & Introduced  
    Caribbean Territories, Introduced  
    Hawaii, Introduced  
    Central Pacific Territories, Introduced  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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