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Ambystoma  Tschudi, 1838
Taxonomic Serial No.: 173589

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Rhyacosiredon Dunn, 1928
    Axolotus Cuvier, 1831
    Sirenodon Wiegmann, 1832
    Stegoporus Wiegmann, 1832
    Xiphonura Tschudi, 1838
    Salamandroidis Fitzinger, 1843
    Amblystoma Agassiz, 1844
    Limnarches Gistel, 1848
    Xiphoctonus Gistel, 1848
    Heterotriton Gray, 1850
    Plagiodon Duméril, Bibron and Duméril, 1854
    Desmiostoma Sager, 1858
    Camarataxis Cope, 1859
    Axoloteles Wood, 1863
    Pectoglossa Mivart, 1868
    Linguaelapsus Cope, 1887
    Plioambystoma Adams and Martin, 1929
    Bathysiredon Dunn, 1939
    Lanebatrachus Taylor, 1941
    Ogallalabatrachus Taylor, 1941
  Common Name(s): Mole Salamanders [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2019   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassAmphibia  – amphibiens, anfíbio, Amphibians  
                         OrderCaudata  – salamandres, salamandra, Salamanders  
                            FamilyAmbystomatidae Gray, 1850 – Mole Salamanders  
                               GenusAmbystoma Tschudi, 1838 – Mole Salamanders  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Ambystoma altamirani Dugès, 1895  
                                  Species Ambystoma amblycephalum Taylor, 1940 – Salamandra cabeza chata 
                                  Species Ambystoma andersoni Krebs and Brandon, 1984 – Salamandra de Anderson 
                                  Species Ambystoma annulatum Cope, 1886 – Ringed Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma barbouri Kraus and Petranka, 1989 – Streamside Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma bishopi Goin, 1950 – Reticulated Flatwoods Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma bombypellum Taylor, 1940 – Salamandra piel fina 
                                  Species Ambystoma californiense Gray, 1853 – California Tiger Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma cingulatum Cope, 1868 – Flatwoods Salamander, Frosted Flatwoods Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma dumerilii (Dugès, 1870)  
                                  Species Ambystoma flavipiperatum Dixon, 1963 – Salamandra de Chapala 
                                  Species Ambystoma gracile (Baird, 1859) – Northwestern Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma granulosum Taylor, 1944 – Salamandra granulada 
                                  Species Ambystoma jeffersonianum (Green, 1827) – Jefferson Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma laterale Hallowell, 1856 – salamandre à points bleus, Blue-spotted Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma leorae (Taylor, 1943)  
                                  Species Ambystoma lermaense (Taylor, 1940) – Lake Lerma Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma mabeei Bishop, 1928 – Mabee's Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma macrodactylum Baird, 1850 – Long-toed Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma maculatum (Shaw, 1802) – salamandre maculée, Spotted Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma mavortium Baird, 1850 – Barred Tiger Salamander, Western Tiger Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma mexicanum (Shaw and Nodder, 1798) – Axolotl, Salamandra ajolote 
                                  Species Ambystoma opacum (Gravenhorst, 1807) – Marbled Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma ordinarium Taylor, 1940 – Salamandra michoacana 
                                  Species Ambystoma rivulare (Taylor, 1940)  
                                  Species Ambystoma rosaceum Taylor, 1941 – Salamandra tarahumara 
                                  Species Ambystoma silvense Webb, 2004  
                                  Species Ambystoma subsalsum Taylor, 1943  
                                  Species Ambystoma talpoideum (Holbrook, 1838) – Mole Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma taylori Brandon, Maruska and Rumph, 1982 – Salamandra de Taylor 
                                  Species Ambystoma texanum (Matthes, 1855) – Small-mouthed Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma tigrinum (Green, 1825) – Tiger Salamander, Salamandra tigre, Eastern Tiger Salamander 
                                  Species Ambystoma velasci Dugès, 1888 – Salamandra tigre de meseta 

  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Ambystoma    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v6, database (version 6.0)  
  Acquired: 2019   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2019. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (12 September, 2019). Electronic Database accessible at American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA   
  Reference for: Ambystoma   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Ambystoma   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Ambystoma   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2008   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular No. 37   
  Page(s): 1-84   
  Publisher: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-916984-74-5   
  Notes: Available free as a PDF at   
  Reference for: Ambystoma, Mole Salamanders [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Ronald M. Bonett, Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2017   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Eighth Ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 43   
  Page(s): 102   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-1-946681-003   
  Notes: Available free as PDF, and as updated database, at   
  Reference for: Mole Salamanders[English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Reference for: Ambystoma   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Previously listed, unisexual species Ambysoma nothagenes, Ambystoma platineum, and Ambystoma tremblayi are now synonyms due to their mixed hybrid origins. Such populations could be referred to as biotypes defined by their specific genomic complements  



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