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Virginia valeriae  Baird and Girard, 1853
Taxonomic Serial No.: 174151

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Common Name(s): Smooth Earth Snake [English]
 
    Smooth Earthsnake [English]
 
  Valid Name: Haldea valeriae (Baird and Girard, 1853)
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: invalid - original name/combination   
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Peter Uetz  
  Notes: Associate Professor, CSBC   
  Reference for: Virginia valeriae    
       
  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Virginia valeriae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Virginia valeriae   
       
  Source: Reptile Database (2017), website (version 24-Dec-16)  
  Acquired: 2017   
  Notes: Uetz, P. & Jirí Hosek (eds.), The Reptile Database, (http://www.reptile-database.org)   
  Reference for: Virginia valeriae, Smooth Earth Snake [English]   
       
  Source: Snake Species of the World, vol. undetermined, manuscript (version 2004)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Notes: Working manuscript of follow-up volumes to McDiarmid et al. (1999), "Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1"   
  Reference for: Virginia valeriae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Virginia valeriae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): McVay, John David, and Bryan Carstens  
  Publication Date: 2013   
  Article/Chapter Title: Testing monophyly without well-supported gene trees: Evidence from multi-locus nuclear data conflicts with existing taxonomy in the snake tribe Thamnophiini   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 68, no. 3   
  Page(s): 425-431   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1055-7903   
  Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.04.028   
  Reference for: Virginia valeriae   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: 'Originally placed in the novel genera (Haldea striatula and V. valeriae) by Baird and Girard (1853), the former was submerged within the Virginia by Garman (1883). There have since been a number of studies supporting or rejecting this move (for a review, see Rossman and Wallach (1991)), including allozyme data that lends support to original designation (Lawson, 1985), however no taxonomic changes have been formally accepted. To date DNA sequence data has only been published for one species, leaving this taxonomic change untested in a modern phylogenetic framework.' (McVay and Carstens, 2013)  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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