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Dicrostonyx torquatus  (Pallas, 1778)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180326

(Download Help) Dicrostonyx torquatus TSN 180326

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Dicrostonyx chionopaes G. M. Allen, 1914
 
    Mus lenae Kerr, 1792
 
    Mus lenensis Pallas, 1779
 
    Lemmus ungulatus Von Baer, 1841
 
    Myodes torquatus pallida Middendorff, 1853
 
  Common Name(s): Arctic Lemming [English]
 
    Collared Lemming [English]
 
    Palearctic Collared Lemming [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderMyomorpha Brandt, 1855 – Rats, souris, Mice, Rats, Voles, Gerbils, Hamsters, Lemmings  
                                     SuperfamilyMuroidea Illiger, 1811  
                                        FamilyCricetidae Fischer, 1817  
                                           SubfamilyArvicolinae Gray, 1821 – arvicoline rodents  
                                              GenusDicrostonyx Gloger, 1841 – Collared Lemmings  
                                                 SpeciesDicrostonyx torquatus (Pallas, 1778) – Arctic Lemming, Collared Lemming, Palearctic Collared Lemming  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Dicrostonyx torquatus    
       
  Expert: Guy G. Musser  
  Notes: Department of Mammology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024   
  Reference for: Dicrostonyx torquatus    
       
  Expert: Michael D. Carleton  
  Notes: Department of Mammals, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560   
  Reference for: Dicrostonyx torquatus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Dicrostonyx torquatus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Dicrostonyx torquatus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Ellerman, J. R., and T. C. S. Morrison-Scott  
  Publication Date: 1966   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals 1758 to 1946, 2nd edition   
  Page(s): 810   
  Publisher: Alden Press   
  Publication Place: Oxford, England   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0565004484   
  Notes: Available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8727652   
  Reference for: Dicrostonyx torquatus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Musser, Guy G., and Michael D. Carleton / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Superfamily Muroidea   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 894-1531   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Dicrostonyx torquatus, Palearctic Collared Lemming [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Dicrostonyx torquatus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Dicrostonyx torquatus, Arctic Lemming [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: old world  
    Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Once believed to encompass most or all New World populations (e.g., Rausch, 1953, 1963b), but karyotypic and breeding evidence (summarized by Jarrell and Fredga, 1993) supports the strict application of D. torquatus for only Eurasian populations (also see Fedorov et al., 1999a). Chromosomal traits of populations from the Polar Urals (torquatus), and those from the Laptev Sea coast, and Rautan Isl off the coast of the Chukotka Peninsula (chionopaes) are similar, and crosses between these two...  
    The correct date citation for Mus torquatus Pallas is 1779 and not 1778; it was published on page 77 of 'Novae species qvadrvpedvn e Glirivm ordine...', and while pages 1-70 were published in 1778 the remaining pages were published the following year  
 

 

   

 
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