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Sigmodon hispidus  Say and Ord, 1825
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180349

(Download Help) Sigmodon hispidus TSN 180349

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Sigmodon berlandieri Baird, 1855
 
    Arvicola texiana Audubon and Bachman, 1853
 
    Sigmodon hispidus alfredi Goldman and M. C. Gardner, 1947
 
    Sigmodon hispidus confinis Goldman, 1918
 
    Sigmodon hispidus eremicus Mearns, 1897
 
    Sigmodon hispidus exsputus G. M. Allen, 1920
 
    Sigmodon hispidus floridanus A. H. Howell, 1943
 
    Sigmodon hispidus insulicola A. H. Howell, 1943
 
    Sigmodon hispidus komareki M. C. Gardner, 1948
 
    Sigmodon hispidus littoralis Chapman, 1889
 
    Sigmodon hispidus pallidus Mearns, 1897
 
    Sigmodon hispidus solus Hall, 1951
 
    Sigmodon hispidus spadicipygus Bangs, 1898
 
    Sigmodon hispidus virginianus M. C. Gardner, 1946
 
  Common Name(s): Rata-algodonera crespa [Spanish]
 
    Hispid Cotton Rat [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderMyomorpha Brandt, 1855 – Rats, souris, Mice, Rats, Voles, Gerbils, Hamsters, Lemmings  
                                     SuperfamilyMuroidea Illiger, 1811  
                                        FamilyCricetidae Fischer, 1817  
                                           SubfamilySigmodontinae Wagner, 1843 – New World rats, New World mice  
                                              GenusSigmodon Say and Ord, 1825 – Cotton Rats  
                                                 SubgenusSigmodon (Sigmodon) Say and Ord, 1825  
                                                    SpeciesSigmodon hispidus Say and Ord, 1825 – Rata-algodonera crespa, Hispid Cotton Rat  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Sigmodon hispidus    
       
  Expert: Guy G. Musser  
  Notes: Department of Mammology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024   
  Reference for: Sigmodon hispidus    
       
  Expert: Michael D. Carleton  
  Notes: Department of Mammals, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560   
  Reference for: Sigmodon hispidus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Rata-algodonera crespa[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sigmodon hispidus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sigmodon hispidus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Hall, E. Raymond  
  Publication Date: 1981   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Mammals of North America, 2nd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 601-1175   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-05443-5   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sigmodon hispidus, Hispid Cotton Rat [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Musser, Guy G., and Michael D. Carleton / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Superfamily Muroidea   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 894-1531   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Sigmodon hispidus, Hispid Cotton Rat [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Sigmodon hispidus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Sigmodon hispidus, Hispid Cotton Rat [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
    Middle America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (nt) as S. h. eremicus and S. h. insulicola, otherwise Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Subgenus Sigmodon, S. hispidus species group. The morphological limits of hispidus, as set forth by Bailey (1902) and expanded by others (Cabrera, 1961; Hall, 1981; Hall and Kelson, 1959; Miller, 1924), were first uncovered as composite by Zimmerman (1970), an insight supported and extended by others (Carleton et al., 1999; Peppers and Bradley, 2000; Severinghaus and Hoffmeister, 1978; Voss, 1992). The much reified definition of S. hispidus corresponds to a species restricted to open landsc...  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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