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Urocyon littoralis  (Baird, 1858)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180610

(Download Help) Urocyon littoralis TSN 180610

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Vulpes littoralis Baird, 1858
 
  Common Name(s): Island Fox [English]
 
    Island Gray Fox [English]
 
    Channel Islands Gray Fox [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderCarnivora Bowdich, 1821 – cachorro do mato, carnívoro, gato do mato, lontra, carnivores, carnivores  
                                  SuborderCaniformia Kretzoi, 1938 – dog-like carnivores  
                                     FamilyCanidae Fischer, 1817 – coyotes, dogs, foxes, jackals, wolves  
                                        GenusUrocyon Baird, 1857 – gray foxes  
                                           SpeciesUrocyon littoralis (Baird, 1858) – Island Fox, Island Gray Fox, Channel Islands Gray Fox  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Urocyon littoralis catalinae Merriam, 1903  
                                              Subspecies Urocyon littoralis clementae Merriam, 1903  
                                              Subspecies Urocyon littoralis dickeyi Grinnell and Linsdale, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Urocyon littoralis littoralis (Baird, 1858)  
                                              Subspecies Urocyon littoralis santacruzae Merriam, 1903  
                                              Subspecies Urocyon littoralis santarosae Grinnell and Linsdale, 1930  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Urocyon littoralis    
       
  Expert: W. Christopher Wozencraft  
  Notes: Division of Natural Sciences, Bethel College, 1001 W. McKinley Ave., Mishawaka, IN 46545   
  Reference for: Urocyon littoralis    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Urocyon littoralis   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Urocyon littoralis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Urocyon littoralis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Urocyon littoralis, Island Fox [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Urocyon littoralis, Island Gray Fox [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: U.S. ESA - Proposed Endangered as U. littoralis catalinae, U. l. littoralis, U. l. santacruzae, and U. l. santarosae; IUCN - Lower Risk (cd)  
    Comments: Reviewed by Moore and Collins (1995). Placed in Canis (Vulpes) by Van Gelder (1978). Gilbert et al. (1990), George and Wayne (1991), Wayne et al. (1991a, b), and Collins (1993) supported full species status. Synonyms allocated according to Moore and Collins (1995)  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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