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Phocidae  Gray, 1821
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180640

(Download Help) Phocidae TSN 180640

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Common Name(s): earless seals [English]
    true seals [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2006   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderCarnivora Bowdich, 1821 – cachorro do mato, carnívoro, gato do mato, lontra, carnivores, carnivores  
                                  SuborderCaniformia Kretzoi, 1938 – dog-like carnivores  
                                     FamilyPhocidae Gray, 1821 – earless seals, true seals  
    Direct Children:  
                                        Genus Cystophora Nilsson, 1820 – hooded seals 
                                        Genus Erignathus Gill, 1866 – bearded seals 
                                        Genus Halichoerus Nilsson, 1820 – gray seals 
                                        Genus Histriophoca Gill, 1873  
                                        Genus Hydrurga Gistel, 1848  
                                        Genus Leptonychotes Gill, 1872  
                                        Genus Lobodon Gray, 1844  
                                        Genus Mirounga Gray, 1827 – elephant seals 
                                        Genus Monachus Fleming, 1822 – monk seals 
                                        Genus Ommatophoca Gray, 1844  
                                        Genus Pagophilus Gray, 1844  
                                        Genus Phoca Linnaeus, 1758 – hair seals, harbor seals 
                                        Genus Pusa Scopoli, 1771  

  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Phocidae    
  Expert: W. Christopher Wozencraft  
  Notes: Division of Natural Sciences, Bethel College, 1001 W. McKinley Ave., Mishawaka, IN 46545   
  Reference for: Phocidae    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Phocidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Phocidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Rice, Dale W.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4   
  Page(s): ix + 231   
  Publisher: The Society for Marine Mammalogy   
  Publication Place: Lawrence, Kansas, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-891276-03-4   
  Reference for: Phocidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Phocidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Phocidae   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Comments: Reviewed by Chapskii (1955), Scheffer (1958), J. E. King (1966, 1983), Hendey (1972), Muizon (1982b), and Wyss (1989). Muizon (1982b), and Wyss's (1988) phylogenetic analyses agreed on three points: 1) The monophyletic nature of two groups they refer to as the Lobodontini (Hydrurga, Leptonychotes, Lobodon, and Ommatophoca), and the Phocinae (Erignathus, Cystophora, Halichoerus, and Phoca), 2) The lobodonts, along with Monachus and Mirounga traditionally have been referred to as the Monachin...  



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