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Cervus nippon  Temminck, 1838
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180696

(Download Help) Cervus nippon TSN 180696

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): Sika deer [English]
 
    Sika [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilyCervidae Goldfuss, 1820 – cervids, caribou, deer, moose, wapiti  
                                     SubfamilyCervinae Goldfuss, 1820  
                                        GenusCervus Linnaeus, 1758 – red deer, deer, wapiti  
                                           SpeciesCervus nippon Temminck, 1838 – Sika deer, Sika  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon aplodontus (Heude, 1884)  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon grassianus (Heude, 1884) – Shansi sika 
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon hortulorum Swinhoe, 1864  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon keramae (Kuroda, 1924) – Ryukyu sika 
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon kopschi Swinhoe, 1873 – South China sika 
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon mageshimae Kuroda and Okada, 1950  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon mandarinus Milne-Edwards, 1871 – North China sika 
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon mantchuricus Swinhoe, 1864  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon nippon Temminck, 1838  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon pseudaxis Gervais, 1841  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon pulchellus Imaizumi, 1970  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon sichuanicus Guo, Chen and Wang, 1978  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon soloensis (Heude, 1888)  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon taiouanus Blyth, 1860 – Formosan sika 
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon yakushimae Kuroda and Okada, 1950  
                                              Subspecies Cervus nippon yesoensis (Heude, 1884)  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Cervus nippon    
       
  Expert: Peter Grubb  
  Notes: 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England   
  Reference for: Cervus nippon    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cervus nippon   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Cervus nippon   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Cervus nippon   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Cervus nippon, Sika deer [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Australia  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Southern Asia  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Comments: Further described by Temminck in von Siebold, Temminck and Schlegel, Fauna Japonica, Aperçu Gén. Spéc. Mamm. Japon, p. 54, pl. 17 [1844] as Cervus sika. Includes hortulorum, taiouanus and pulchellus, which were considered species by Imaizumi (1970a). Includes soloensis, see Grubb and Groves (1983). Revised in part by Groves and Smeenk (1978) who included mageshimae and yakushimae in nominate nippon, and noted that aplodontus has priority over centralis. Reviewed by Feldhamer (1980, Mammalia...  
    Status: U.S. ESA - Endangered as C. n. grassianus, C. n. keramae, C. n. kopschi, C. n. mandarinus, and C. n. taiouanus; IUCN - Critically Endangered as C. n. grassianus, C. n. keramae, C. n. mandarinus, C. n. taiouanus, and C. n. pseudaxis, Endangered as C. n. sichuanicus and C. n. kopschi, Data Deficient as C. n. aplodontus, C. n. mantachuricus, C. n. pulchellus, and C. n. yesoensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc)  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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