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Bison bison  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180706

(Download Help) Bison bison TSN 180706

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Bison bison bison (Linnaeus, 1758)
 
    Bos bison Linnaeus, 1758
 
    Bison americanus Brisson, 1762
 
    Bison sylvestris Hay, 1915
 
    Bison americanus pennsylvanicus Shoemaker, 1915
 
    Bison bison septemtrionalis Figgins, 1933
 
    Bison americanus (Linnaeus, 1766)
 
    Bison bison athabascae Rhoads, 1898
 
  Common Name(s): American bison [English]
 
    bison [English]
 
    Bisonte americano [Spanish]
 
    American Bison [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilyBovidae Gray, 1821 – antelopes, cattle, goats, sheep, bovids  
                                     SubfamilyBovinae Gray, 1821  
                                        GenusBison C. H. Smith, 1827 – bison  
                                           SpeciesBison bison (Linnaeus, 1758) – American bison, bison, Bisonte americano, American Bison  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Bison bison    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Bisonte americano[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Corbet, G. B.  
  Publication Date: 1978   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Mammals of the Palaearctic Region: a taxonomic review   
  Page(s): 1-314   
  Publisher: Cornell University Press   
  Publication Place: London, England   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8014-1171-8   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Bison bison   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Bison bison, American bison [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals   
  Page(s): xxv + 750   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-845-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native & Introduced  
    Canada, Native  
    Mexico, Native  
    Alaska, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: According to Wilson & Ruff, eds. (1999), "Although most authorities still favor Bison, several recent reviews have advocated placing American bison in the genus Bos." Still, they retain Bison as a valid genus  
    Status: CITES - Appendix II as B. b. athabascae; U.S. ESA - Endangered in Canada as B. b. athabascae; IUCN - Lower Risk (cd)  
    Comments: Reviewed by Meagher (1986, Mammalian Species, 266). Bison bison athabascae treated as a distinct taxon by Geist and Karsten (1977) and Van Zyll de Jong (1986), and assigned to B. priscus by Flerov (1979), but regarded as an ecotype by Geist (1991)  
 

 

   

 
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