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Podocnemis expansa  (Schweigger, 1812)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 202120

(Download Help) Podocnemis expansa TSN 202120

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Emys amazonica Spix, 1824
    Hydraspis bitentaculata Gray, 1831
    Testudo arrau Humboldt in Gray, 1831
  Common Name(s): tartaruga [Spanish]
    True Amazon Turtle [English]
    South American River Turtle [English]
    Giant South American River Turtle [English]
    Giant Amazon River Turtle [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassReptilia Laurenti, 1768 – répteis, reptiles, Reptiles  
                         OrderTestudines Batsch, 1788 – tortues, Turtles, Terrapins, Tortoises  
                            SuborderPleurodira Cope, 1864  
                               FamilyPodocnemididae Cope, 1868  
                                  GenusPodocnemis Wagler, 1830 – South American Side-necked River Turtles  
                                     SpeciesPodocnemis expansa (Schweigger, 1812) – tartaruga, True Amazon Turtle, South American River Turtle, Arrau, Giant South American River Turtle, Giant Amazon River Turtle  

  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Podocnemis expansa    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Podocnemis expansa   
  Source: U. S. Dept. Interior, database (version 1)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Podocnemis expansa   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Iverson, John B.  
  Publication Date: 1992   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: A Revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World   
  Page(s): xiii + 363   
  Publisher: Privately Printed   
  Publication Place: Richmond, Indiana   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-9617431-0-5   
  Reference for: Podocnemis expansa   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P. P., J. Iverson, A. Rhodin, H. Shaffer, and R. Bour]  
  Publication Date: 2014   
  Article/Chapter Title: Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with maps, and Conservation Status   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Chelonian Research Monographs, no. 5, v. 7   
  Page(s): 329-479   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1088-7105   
  Notes: doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - Available online at   
  Reference for: Podocnemis expansa, Arrau, Giant Amazon River Turtle [English], Giant South American River Turtle [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: South America  



  Comment: IUCN: Lower Risk/conservation dependent (1996). TFTSG Draft 2011: Critically Endangered. CITES: Appendix II, as Podocnemis spp. Additional vernacular name: Arrau (Venezuelan indigenous language)  



 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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