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Bison bison bison  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 202412

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Subspecies  
  Common Name(s): plains bison [English]
 
    bison [English]
 
  Valid Name: Bison bison (Linnaeus, 1758)
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: invalid - subsequent name/combination   
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Bison bison bison    
       
  Expert: Peter Grubb  
  Notes: 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England   
  Reference for: Bison bison bison    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison bison   
       
  Source: U. S. Dept. Interior, database (version 1)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison bison   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison bison   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Hall, E. Raymond  
  Publication Date: 1981   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Mammals of North America, vols. I and II, 2nd ed.   
  Page(s): 1181   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison bison   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service  
  Publication Date: 2011   
  Article/Chapter Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 90-day Finding on a Petition To List the Wild Plains Bison or Each of Four Distinct Population Segments as Threatened   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Federal Register, vol. 76, no. 37   
  Page(s): 10299-10310   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison bison, plains bison [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals   
  Page(s): xxv + 750   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-845-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bison bison bison   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: According to Wilson & Ruff, eds. (1999), "Although most authorities still favor Bison, several recent reviews have advocated placing American bison in the genus Bos." Still, they retain Bison as a valid genus, and list the two subspecies (Bison bison athabascae and Bison bison bison)  
    US ESA: Petition to list as threatened not substantial and not initiating status review according to 90-day petition finding, as published in Federal Register Volume 76, Number 37, Pages 10299 - 10310, February 24, 2011  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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