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Empetrum nigrum  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 23743

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Empetrum hermaphroditum Lange ex Hagerup
    Empetrum eamesii Fernald & Wiegand
    Empetrum atropurpureum Fernald & Wiegand
    Empetrum eamesii ssp. atropurpureum (Fernald & Wiegand) D. Löve
    Empetrum eamesii ssp. eamesii Fernald & Wiegand
    Empetrum nigrum ssp. hermaphroditum (Lange ex Hagerup) Böcher
    Empetrum nigrum ssp. nigrum L.
    Empetrum eamesii ssp. hermaphroditum (Lange ex Hagerup) D. Löve
    Empetrum rubrum ssp. eamesii (Fernald & Wiegand) R.D. Good
    Empetrum nigrum var. atropurpureum (Fernald & Wiegand) B. Boivin
    Empetrum nigrum var. eamesii (Fernald & Wiegand) B. Boivin
    Empetrum nigrum var. purpureum (Raf.) A. DC.
    Empetrum rubrum var. atropurpureum (Fernald & Wiegand) R.D. Good
    Empetrum rubrum var. eamesii (Fernald & Wiegand) Cronquist
  Common Name(s): black crowberry [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                            FamilyEricaceae  – heaths, éricacées  
                               GenusEmpetrum L. – crowberry  
                                  SpeciesEmpetrum nigrum L. – black crowberry  

  Expert: Walter S. Judd  
  Notes: Professor, Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 32611-7800, USA   
  Reference for: Empetrum nigrum    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Ericaceae of North America Update, database (version 2010)  
  Acquired: 2010   
  Notes: Updated by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Empetrum nigrum   
  Source: Jepson Manual, website (version 2)  
  Acquired: 2010   
  Notes: Wallace, Gary D. 2011 (in press). Ericaceae. In B. G. Baldwin et al. (eds.), The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley. Retrieved from   
  Reference for: Empetrum nigrum, black crowberry [English]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Empetrum nigrum   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Empetrum nigrum   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Empetrum nigrum   
  Publication Date:    
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:    
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 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Alaska, Native  
    Canada, Native  






 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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