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Trifolium  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 26204

(Download Help) Trifolium TSN 26204

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): clover [English]
 
    trèfles [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2011   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
          SuperdivisionEmbryophyta   
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                   ClassMagnoliopsida   
                      SuperorderRosanae   
                         OrderFabales   
                            FamilyFabaceae  – peas, legumes  
                               GenusTrifolium L. – clover, trèfles  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Trifolium affine C. Presl  
                                  Species Trifolium africanum Ser. – African clover 
                                  Species Trifolium albopurpureum Torr. & A. Gray – rancheria clover 
                                  Species Trifolium alexandrinum L. – Egyptian clover 
                                  Species Trifolium alpestre L. – owl-head clover, purple-globe clover 
                                  Species Trifolium alpinum L. – alpine clover 
                                  Species Trifolium amabile Kunth – Aztec clover 
                                  Species Trifolium ambiguum M. Bieb. – Kura clover 
                                  Species Trifolium amoenum Greene – showy Indian clover 
                                  Species Trifolium andersonii A. Gray – fiveleaf clover 
                                  Species Trifolium andinum Nutt. – Intermountain clover, Great Divide clover 
                                  Species Trifolium angustifolium L. – narrowleaf crimson clover 
                                  Species Trifolium apertum Bobrov – open clover 
                                  Species Trifolium argutum Banks & Sol. – sharp-tooth clover 
                                  Species Trifolium arvense L. – rabbitfoot clover, hare's foot clover, oldfield clover, stone clover, hairy clover, rabbit-foot clover 
                                  Species Trifolium attenuatum Greene – Rocky Mountain clover 
                                  Species Trifolium aureum Pollich – golden clover 
                                  Species Trifolium baccarinii Chiov.  
                                  Species Trifolium badium Schreb.  
                                  Species Trifolium barbigerum Torr. – bearded clover 
                                  Species Trifolium barnebyi (Isely) Dorn & Lichvar – Barneby's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium beckwithii W.H. Brewer ex S. Watson – Beckwith's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium bejariense Moric. – Bejar clover 
                                  Species Trifolium berytheum Boiss. & Blanche – Beirut clover 
                                  Species Trifolium bifidum A. Gray – notchleaf clover 
                                  Species Trifolium billardierei Spreng. – Labillardiere's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium bocconei Savi – Boccone's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium boissieri Guss. ex Soy.-Will. & Godr. – Boissier's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium bolanderi A. Gray – parasol clover 
                                  Species Trifolium brandegeei S. Watson – Brandegee's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium breweri S. Watson – forest clover 
                                  Species Trifolium buckwestiorum Isely – Santa Cruz clover 
                                  Species Trifolium burchellianum Ser. – Burchell's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium calcaricum J.L. Collins & Wieboldt – running glade clover 
                                  Species Trifolium campestre Schreb. – field clover, large hop clover, lesser hop clover, big hop clover, low hop clover 
                                  Species Trifolium canescens Willd. – graying clover 
                                  Species Trifolium carolinianum Michx. – Carolina clover 
                                  Species Trifolium cernuum Brot. – nodding clover, drooping clover 
                                  Species Trifolium cheranganiense J.B. Gillett – Cherangani clover 
                                  Species Trifolium cherleri L.  
                                  Species Trifolium chilense Hook. & Arn. – Chilean clover 
                                  Species Trifolium ciliolatum Benth. – foothill clover 
                                  Species Trifolium clypeatum L. – shield clover 
                                  Species Trifolium cryptopodium Steud. ex A. Rich.  
                                  Species Trifolium cyathiferum Lindl. – cup clover 
                                  Species Trifolium dalmaticum Vis. – Dalmatian clover 
                                  Species Trifolium dasyphyllum Torr. & A. Gray – alpine clover, Uinta clover, whiproot clover 
                                  Species Trifolium dasyurum C. Presl  
                                  Species Trifolium dedeckerae J.M. Gillett – Dedecker's clover, Dedecker clover 
                                  Species Trifolium depauperatum Desv. – cowbag clover 
                                  Species Trifolium dichotomum Hook. & Arn. – branched Indian clover 
                                  Species Trifolium dichroanthum Boiss.  
                                  Species Trifolium diffusum Ehrh. – diffuse clover 
                                  Species Trifolium douglasii House – Douglas' clover 
                                  Species Trifolium dubium Sibth. – suckling clover, hop clover, smallhop clover 
                                  Species Trifolium echinatum M. Bieb. – prickly clover 
                                  Species Trifolium eriocephalum Nutt. – woollyhead clover 
                                  Species Trifolium eriosphaerum Boiss. – woolly round-head clover 
                                  Species Trifolium fragiferum L. – strawberry clover 
                                  Species Trifolium friscanum (S.L. Welsh) S.L. Welsh – Frisco clover 
                                  Species Trifolium fucatum Lindl. – bull clover 
                                  Species Trifolium gemellum Pourr. ex Willd. – Spanish clover 
                                  Species Trifolium glanduliferum Boiss. – glandular clover 
                                  Species Trifolium globosum L. – round-head clover 
                                  Species Trifolium glomeratum L. – clustered clover 
                                  Species Trifolium gracilentum Torr. & A. Gray – pinpoint clover, pin-point clover 
                                  Species Trifolium grandiflorum Schreb. – large-flower hop clover 
                                  Species Trifolium gymnocarpon Nutt. – hollyleaf clover 
                                  Species Trifolium haussknechtii Boiss. – Haussknecht's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium haydenii Porter – Hayden's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium heldreichianum (Gibelli & Belli) Hausskn. – Heldreich's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium hirtum All. – rose clover 
                                  Species Trifolium howellii S. Watson – canyon clover 
                                  Species Trifolium hybridum L. – alsike clover 
                                  Species Trifolium incarnatum L. – crimson clover 
                                  Species Trifolium israeliticum D. Zohary & Katzn. – Israel clover 
                                  Species Trifolium isthmocarpum Brot.  
                                  Species Trifolium jokerstii M. Vincent & Rand. Morgan – Jim's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium kingii S. Watson – King's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium lappaceum L. – burdock clover 
                                  Species Trifolium latifolium (Hook.) Greene – twin clover 
                                  Species Trifolium leibergii A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr. – Leiberg's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium lemmonii S. Watson – Lemmon's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium leucanthum M. Bieb.  
                                  Species Trifolium ligusticum Balb. ex Loisel. – Ligurian clover 
                                  Species Trifolium longipes Nutt. – longstalk clover, long-stalk clover 
                                  Species Trifolium lucanicum Gasp. ex Guss.  
                                  Species Trifolium lugardii Bullock – Lugard's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium lupinaster L. – lupine clover 
                                  Species Trifolium macraei Hook. & Arn. – Chilean clover 
                                  Species Trifolium macrocephalum (Pursh) Poir. – largehead clover, bighead clover 
                                  Species Trifolium masaiense J.B. Gillett – Masai clover 
                                  Species Trifolium medium L. – zigzag clover 
                                  Species Trifolium meduseum Blanche ex Boiss. – Medusa clover 
                                  Species Trifolium michelianum Savi – bigflower clover 
                                  Species Trifolium micranthum Viv. – slender hop clover 
                                  Species Trifolium microcephalum Pursh – smallhead clover, littlehead clover, small-head clover 
                                  Species Trifolium microdon Hook. & Arn. – thimble clover 
                                  Species Trifolium miegeanum Maire – miege clover 
                                  Species Trifolium minutissimum D. Heller & Zohary – dwarf clover, Clemens County clover 
                                  Species Trifolium monanthum A. Gray – mountain carpet clover, carpet clover 
                                  Species Trifolium montanum L. – mountain clover 
                                  Species Trifolium mucronatum Willd. ex Spreng. – cusp clover 
                                  Species Trifolium mutabile Port.  
                                  Species Trifolium nanum Torr. – dwarf clover 
                                  Species Trifolium neurophyllum Greene – White Mountain clover 
                                  Species Trifolium nigrescens Viv. – small white clover 
                                  Species Trifolium obscurum Savi  
                                  Species Trifolium obtusiflorum Hook. – clammy clover 
                                  Species Trifolium ochroleucum Huds. – sulphur clover 
                                  Species Trifolium oliganthum Steud. – fewflower clover 
                                  Species Trifolium olivaceum Greene – olive clover 
                                  Species Trifolium ornithopodioides L. – bird clover, bird's-foot-fenugreek 
                                  Species Trifolium owyheense Gilkey – Owyhee clover 
                                  Species Trifolium palaestinum Boiss. – Palestine clover 
                                  Species Trifolium pallescens Schreb.  
                                  Species Trifolium pallidum Waldst. & Kit.  
                                  Species Trifolium pannonicum Jacq. – Hungarian clover 
                                  Species Trifolium parryi A. Gray – Parry's clover, Parry clover 
                                  Species Trifolium patens Schreb.  
                                  Species Trifolium philistaeum Zohary – Palestine clover 
                                  Species Trifolium physodes Steven ex M. Bieb.  
                                  Species Trifolium pilulare Boiss.  
                                  Species Trifolium pinetorum Greene – woods clover, pinewoods clover 
                                  Species Trifolium plumosum Douglas – plumed clover 
                                  Species Trifolium polymorphum Poir. – peanut clover 
                                  Species Trifolium polystachyum Fresen.  
                                  Species Trifolium pratense L. – red clover 
                                  Species Trifolium productum Greene – Shasta clover 
                                  Species Trifolium purpureum Loisel. – purple clover 
                                  Species Trifolium purseglovei J.B. Gillett  
                                  Species Trifolium reflexum L. – buffalo clover 
                                  Species Trifolium repens L. – white clover, Dutch clover, ladino clover, white Dutch clover 
                                  Species Trifolium resupinatum L. – reversed clover, Persian clover 
                                  Species Trifolium retusum L. – teasel clover 
                                  Species Trifolium rollinsii J.M. Gillett – Rollins' clover 
                                  Species Trifolium rubens L.  
                                  Species Trifolium rueppellianum Fresen. – Rueppell's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium scabrum L. – rough clover 
                                  Species Trifolium scutatum Boiss. – shield clover 
                                  Species Trifolium semipilosum Fresen. – Kenya clover 
                                  Species Trifolium siskiyouense J.M. Gillett – Siskiyou clover 
                                  Species Trifolium spadiceum L. – brown moor clover 
                                  Species Trifolium spumosum L. – Mediterranean clover 
                                  Species Trifolium squamosum L. – sea clover 
                                  Species Trifolium squarrosum L.  
                                  Species Trifolium stellatum L. – star clover, starry clover 
                                  Species Trifolium steudneri Schweinf. – Steudner's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium stoloniferum Muhl. ex Eaton – running buffalo clover, creeping clover 
                                  Species Trifolium striatum L. – knotted clover 
                                  Species Trifolium strictum L.  
                                  Species Trifolium subterraneum L. – subterranean clover 
                                  Species Trifolium suffocatum L. – suffocated clover 
                                  Species Trifolium sylvaticum Gérard ex Loisel.  
                                  Species Trifolium tembense Fresen. – Tembien clover 
                                  Species Trifolium thalii Vill.  
                                  Species Trifolium thompsonii C.V. Morton – Thompson's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium tomentosum L. – woolly clover 
                                  Species Trifolium trichocalyx A. Heller – Monterey clover, Coastal dunes milk-vetch 
                                  Species Trifolium trichocephalum M. Bieb.  
                                  Species Trifolium tumens Steven ex M. Bieb.  
                                  Species Trifolium uniflorum L. – oneflower clover 
                                  Species Trifolium usambarense Taub.  
                                  Species Trifolium variegatum Nutt. – whitetip clover, white-tip clover 
                                  Species Trifolium vavilovii Eig – Vavilov's clover 
                                  Species Trifolium vernum Phil.  
                                  Species Trifolium vesiculosum Savi – arrowleaf clover 
                                  Species Trifolium virginicum Small ex Small & Vail – Kates Mountain clover, Kate's-mountain clover 
                                  Species Trifolium willdenovii Spreng. – tomcat clover 
                                  Species Trifolium wormskioldii Lehm. – cows clover, cow clover, Sierra clover 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: trèfles[French]   
       
  Source: Fabaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Trifolium   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Trifolium   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Trifolium   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Trifolium   
       
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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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