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Euphorbia hirta  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 28081

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
    Chamaesyce gemella (Lag.) Small
    Euphorbia gemella Lag.
    Euphorbia pilulifera auct. non L.
    Euphorbia obliterata Jacq.
    Euphorbia nodiflora Steud.
    Euphorbia chrysochaeta W. Fitzg.
    Chamaesyce rosei Millsp.
    Desmonema hirta (L.) Raf.
    Ditritra hirta (L.) Raf.
    Euphorbia capitata Lam.
    Euphorbia bancana Miq.
    Euphorbia karwinskyi Boiss.
    Chamaesyce karwinskyi (Boiss.) Millsp.
    Euphorbia globulifera Kunth
    Euphorbia verticillata Vell.
    Chamaesyce pekinensis var. glaberrima (Koidz.) Makino & Nemoto
    Chamaesyce hirta var. glaberrima (Koidz.) H. Hara
    Chamaesyce hirta var. laeticincta Croizat
    Euphorbia hirta var. typica L.C. Wheeler
    Chamaesyce pilulifera var. glaberrima (Koidz.) H. Hara
    Euphorbia pilulifera var. arechavaletae Herter
    Euphorbia pilulifera var. obliterata (Jacq.) Hitchc.
    Euphorbia pilulifera var. hirta (L.) Thell.
    Euphorbia pilulifera var. guaranitica Chodat & Hassl.
    Euphorbia pilulifera var. glabrescens Thell.
    Euphorbia pilulifera var. discolor Engelm.
    Euphorbia hirta var. nocens L.C. Wheeler
    Euphorbia hirta var. glaberrima Koidz.
    Euphorbia hirta var. destituta L.C. Wheeler
    Euphorbia pilulifera f. viridis Domin
    Euphorbia pilulifera f. humifusa Domin
    Euphorbia pilulifera f. rubromaculata Domin
    Chamaesyce hirta f. glaberrima (Koidz.) Hurus.
    Chamaesyce hirta f. litoralis Hurus.
  Common Name(s): pillpod sandmat [English]
    pillpod spurge [English]
    asthma spurge [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                            FamilyEuphorbiaceae  – spurge, euphorbes  
                               GenusEuphorbia L. – spurge  
                                  SpeciesEuphorbia hirta L. – pillpod sandmat, pillpod spurge, asthma spurge  

  Expert: Paul E. Berry, PhD  
  Notes: Director, University of Michigan Herbarium   
  Reference for: Euphorbia hirta    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory database, database (version 2016)  
  Acquired: 2016   
  Notes: Riina, R. and Berry, P.E. (coordinators). 2016. Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory database. Available from Tolkin (   
  Reference for: Euphorbia hirta   
  Source: Malpighiales of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Euphorbia hirta   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Euphorbia hirta   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Euphorbia hirta   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Euphorbia hirta   
  Publication Date:    
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:    
  Publication Place:    
  Reference for:    

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Caribbean  
    North America  
    Middle America  
    South America  
    Southern Asia  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Caribbean Territories, Introduced  
    Continental US, Native  
    Hawaii, Introduced  






 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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