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Euphorbia  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 28032

(Download Help) Euphorbia TSN 28032

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Chamaesyce Gray
 
    Galarhoeus Haw.
 
    Pedilanthus Neck. ex Poit.
 
  Common Name(s): spurge [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2011   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae   
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
          SuperdivisionEmbryophyta   
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                   ClassMagnoliopsida   
                      SuperorderRosanae   
                         OrderMalpighiales   
                            FamilyEuphorbiaceae  – spurge, euphorbes  
                               GenusEuphorbia L. – spurge  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Euphorbia aaron-rossii A.H. Holmgren & N.H. Holmgren – Marble Canyon spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia abramsiana L.C. Wheeler – Abrams' sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia adenoptera Bertol. – southern Florida sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia agraria M. Bieb. – urban spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia albomarginata Torr. & A. Gray – whitemargin sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia alta Norton – giant spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia ambovombensis Rauh & Razaf.  
                                  Species Euphorbia angusta Engelm. – blackfoot sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia antisyphilitica Zucc. – candelilla 
                                  Species Euphorbia arizonica Engelm. – Arizona sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia arnottiana Endl. – `akoko 
                                  Species Euphorbia articulata Burm. – jointed sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia astyla Engelm. ex Boiss. – alkali sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia atoto G. Forst.  
                                  Species Euphorbia atrococca A. Heller – koko 
                                  Species Euphorbia berteroana Balb. ex Spreng. – Bertero's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia bicolor Engelm. & A. Gray – snow on the prairie, snow-on-the-prairie 
                                  Species Euphorbia bifida Hook. & Arn.  
                                  Species Euphorbia bifurcata Engelm. – forked spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia bilobata Engelm. – blackseed spurge, black-seed spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia blodgettii Engelm. ex Hitchc. – limestone sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia bombensis Jacq. – Dixie sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia brachycera Engelm. – horned spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia californica Benth.  
                                  Species Euphorbia candelabrum Kotschy  
                                  Species Euphorbia capitellata Engelm. – head sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia carunculata Waterf. – sanddune sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. – `ekoko 
                                  Species Euphorbia chaetocalyx (Boiss.) Tidestr. – bristlecup sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia chamaesula Boiss. – mountain spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia chamissonis (Klotzsch & Garcke) Boiss.  
                                  Species Euphorbia characias L. – Albanian spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia cinerascens Engelm. – ashy sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia clusiifolia Hook. & Arn. – forest sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia commutata Engelm. ex A. Gray – tinted woodland spurge, tinted euphorbia 
                                  Species Euphorbia conferta (Small) Oudejans – Everglade Key sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia cooperi N.E. Br. ex A. Berger – candelabra tree 
                                  Species Euphorbia cordifolia Elliott – heartleaf sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia corollata L. – floweringspurge euphorbia, flowering spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia cotinifolia L. – Mexican shrubby spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia cowellii (Millsp. ex Britton) Oudejans – Cowell's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia cremersii Rauh & Razaf.  
                                  Species Euphorbia crenulata Engelm. – Chinese caps, Chinesecaps 
                                  Species Euphorbia cumulicola (Small) Oudejans – coastal dune sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia cuphosperma (Engelm.) Boiss. – hairy-fruit spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia curtisii Engelm. – Curtis' spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia cyathophora Murray – fire on the mountain, fire-on-the-mountain 
                                  Species Euphorbia cylindrifolia Marn.-Lap. & Rauh  
                                  Species Euphorbia cyparissias L. – cypress spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia davidii Subils – David's spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia decaryi Guillaumin  
                                  Species Euphorbia degeneri Sherff – beach sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia deltoidea Engelm. ex Chapm. – wedge sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia dendroides L. – tree spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia dentata Michx. – toothed spurge, toothedleaf poinsettia, toothed euphorbia 
                                  Species Euphorbia deppeana Boiss. – Oahu sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia discoidalis Chapm. – summer spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia eleanoriae (Lorence & W.L. Wagner) Govaerts – Na Pali sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia epithymoides L. – cushion spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia eriantha Benth. – beetle spurge, Mexican poinsettia 
                                  Species Euphorbia esula L. – spurge, wolf's milk, wolf's-milk, leafy spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia exigua L. – dwarf spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia exserta (Small) Coker – coastal sand spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia exstipulata Engelm. – squareseed spurge, square-seed spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia falcata L. – sickle spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia fendleri Torr. & A. Gray – Fendler's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia florida Engelm. – Chiricahua Mountain sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia floridana Chapm. – Greater Florida spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia francoisii Leandri  
                                  Species Euphorbia fulgens Karw. ex Klotzsch – scarlet-plume 
                                  Species Euphorbia garberi Engelm. ex Chapm. – Garber's spurge, Garber's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia gaudichaudii Boiss. – spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia X gayeri Boros & Soó ex Soó  
                                  Species Euphorbia georgei Oudejans – pointed sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia geyeri Engelm. – Geyer's sandmat, Geyer's spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia glyptosperma Engelm. – ridgeseed spurge, ribseed sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia golondrina L.C. Wheeler – boquillas sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia gracillima S. Watson – Mexican sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia gradyi V.W. Steinm. & Ram.-Roa  
                                  Species Euphorbia graminea Jacq. – grassleaf spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia guiengola W.R. Buck & Huft  
                                  Species Euphorbia gumaroi J. Meyrán  
                                  Species Euphorbia haeleeleana D.R. Herbst – Kauai spurge, `akoko 
                                  Species Euphorbia halemanui Sherff – Kauai sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia helioscopia L. – madwoman's milk 
                                  Species Euphorbia helleri Millsp. – Heller's spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia hepatica Urb. & Ekman  
                                  Species Euphorbia herbstii (W.L. Wagner) Oudejans – Herbst's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia herniarifolia Willd. – herniaria-leaf spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia heterophylla L. – Mexican fireplant, painted euphorbia 
                                  Species Euphorbia hexagona Nutt. ex Spreng. – sixangle spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia hindsiana Benth.  
                                  Species Euphorbia hintonii L.C. Wheeler  
                                  Species Euphorbia hirta L. – pillpod sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia hooveri L.C. Wheeler – Hoover's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia humistrata Engelm. ex A. Gray – spreading sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia hypericifolia L. – graceful sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia hyssopifolia L. – hyssopleaf sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia indivisa (Engelm.) Tidestr. – royal sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia innocua L.C. Wheeler – velvet spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia inundata Torr. ex Chapm. – Florida pineland spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia ipecacuanhae L. – American ipecac 
                                  Species Euphorbia jejuna M.C. Johnst. & Warnock – dwarf sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia josei Oudejans – Jose spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia kuwaleana O. Deg. & Sherff – kokomalei 
                                  Species Euphorbia lactea Haw. – mottled spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia lancifolia Schltdl. – ixbut 
                                  Species Euphorbia laredana Millsp. – Laredo sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia lasiocarpa Klotzsch – roadside sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia lata Engelm. – hoary sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia lathyris L. – moleplant 
                                  Species Euphorbia leucocephala Lotsy – pascuita 
                                  Species Euphorbia longicruris Scheele – wedgeleaf spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia lucida Waldst. & Kit. – shining spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia lurida Engelm. – San Francisco Mountain spurge, woodland spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia macropus (Klotzsch & Garcke) Boiss. – Huachuca Mountain spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia maculata L. – milk purslane, prostrate spurge, spotted spurge, spotted sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia marginata Pursh – snow on the mountain, snow-on-the-mountain, smoke-on-the-prairie, variegated spurge, whitemargined spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia mcvaughiana M.C. Johnst.  
                                  Species Euphorbia melanadenia Torr. – prostrate spurge, red-gland spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia meloformis Aiton  
                                  Species Euphorbia mendezii Boiss. – Mendez's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia mercurialina Michx. – mercury spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia mesembrianthemifolia Jacq. – coastal beach sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia micromera Boiss. ex Engelm. – Sonoran sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia milii Des Moul. – christplant 
                                  Species Euphorbia misera Benth. – cliff spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia missurica Raf. – prairie spurge, prairie sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia moratii Rauh  
                                  Species Euphorbia multiformis Gaudich. ex Hook. & Arn. – variable sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia myrsinites L. – myrtle spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia nephradenia Barneby – Paria spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia neriifolia L. – Indian spurgetree 
                                  Species Euphorbia nutans Lag. – eyebane 
                                  Species Euphorbia oblongata Griseb. – eggleaf spurge, oblong spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia ocellata Durand & Hilg. – Contura Creek sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia oerstediana (Klotzsch & Garcke) Boiss. – West Indian spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia olowaluana Sherff – alpine sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia ophthalmica Pers. – Florida hammock sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia orbifolia (Alain) Oudejans – Mona Island sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia palustris L.  
                                  Species Euphorbia paniculata Desf.  
                                  Species Euphorbia paralias L. – sea spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia parishii Greene – Parish's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia parryi Engelm. – Parry's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia parvicyathophora Rauh  
                                  Species Euphorbia pediculifera Engelm. – Carrizo Mountain sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia peplidion Engelm. – low spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia peplus L. – petty spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia perennans (Shinners) Warnock & M.C. Johnst. – perennial sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia petiolaris Sims – manchineel berry 
                                  Species Euphorbia pinetorum (Small) G.L. Webster – pineland spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia platyphyllos L. – broadleaf spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia platysperma Engelm. ex S. Watson – flatseed sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia polycarpa Benth. – smallseed sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia polygonifolia L. – seaside sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia polyphylla Engelm. ex Holz. – Lesser Florida spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia porteriana (Small) Oudejans – Porter's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia prostrata Aiton – ground spurge, blue weed, prostrate sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia X pseudoesula Schur (pro sp.) – spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia pteroneura A. Berger  
                                  Species Euphorbia pubentissima Michx. – false flowering spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch – poinsettia 
                                  Species Euphorbia purpurea (Raf.) Fernald – Darlington's spurge, Darlington's glade spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia quartziticola Leandri  
                                  Species Euphorbia radians Benth. – sun spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia reineckei Pax  
                                  Species Euphorbia remyi A. Gray ex Boiss. – Remy's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia resinifera O. Berg & C.F. Schmidt – resin spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia revoluta Engelm. – threadstem sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia rigida M. Bieb. – upright myrtle spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia robusta (Engelm.) Small – robust spurge, Rocky Mountain spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia rockii C.N. Forbes – Koolau Range sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia roemeriana Scheele – Roemer's spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia rosescens E.L. Bridges & Orzell – scrub spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia schizoloba Engelm. – Mojave spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia segetalis L. – grainfield spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia serpens Kunth – matted sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia serpyllifolia Pers. – thymeleaf sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia serrata L. – serrate spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia serrula Engelm. – sawtooth sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia setiloba Engelm. ex Torr. – Yuma sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia simulans (L.C. Wheeler) Warnock & M.C. Johnst. – mimicking sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia skottsbergii Sherff – coastal sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia sparsiflora A. Heller – Wahiawa bog sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia spathulata Lam. – roughpod spurge, warty spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia stictospora Engelm. – slimseed sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia strictior Holz. – panhandle spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia strigosa Hook. & Arn.  
                                  Species Euphorbia telephioides Chapm. – Telephus spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia terracina L. – Geraldton carnation weed 
                                  Species Euphorbia tetrapora Engelm. – weak spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia texana (Millsp. ex A. Heller) Boiss. – Texas spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia theriaca L.C. Wheeler – Terlingua sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia thymifolia L. – gulf sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia tirucalli L. – Indiantree spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia tithymaloides L. – redbird flower 
                                  Species Euphorbia torralbasii Urb.  
                                  Species Euphorbia trachysperma Engelm. – San Pedro River sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia trichotoma Kunth – sanddune spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia tulearensis (Rauh) Rauh  
                                  Species Euphorbia turpinii Boiss. – Turpin's sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia vallis-mortae (Millsp.) J.T. Howell – Death Valley sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia velleriflora (Klotzsch & Garcke) Boiss. – Caliche sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia vermiculata Raf. – wormseed sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia villifera Scheele – hairy sandmat 
                                  Species Euphorbia woodii N.E. Br.  
                                  Species Euphorbia wrightii Torr. & A. Gray – Wright's spurge 
                                  Species Euphorbia xanti Engelm. ex Boiss.  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Checklist of CITES Species Part 1 CITES species index, CD-ROM (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: UNEP-WCMC (Comps.) 2011. Checklist of CITES species (CD-ROM). CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 2-88323-030-7. Available online at http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/pub/checklist11/index.html or from CITES Secretariat, Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Genève, Switzerland   
  Reference for: Euphorbia   
       
  Source: Malpighiales of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Euphorbia   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Euphorbia   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Euphorbia   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Euphorbia   
       
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 Geographic Information
       
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 Comments
       
  Comment: CITES: Appendix II except non-succulent species, Euphorbia misera, and the species included in Appendix I, adopted at the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Doha, 2010)  
 

 

   

 
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