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Juncus  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 39220

(Download Help) Juncus TSN 39220

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): jonc [French]
 
    rush [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: partial   
  Latest Record Review: 2010   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
          SuperdivisionEmbryophyta   
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanÚrogames  
                   ClassMagnoliopsida   
                      SuperorderLilianae  – monocots, monocotyledons, monocotylÚdones  
                         OrderPoales   
                            FamilyJuncaceae  – rushes, joncs, Rush Family  
                               GenusJuncus L. – jonc, rush  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Juncus acuminatus Michx. – sharp-fruit rush, tapertip rush 
                                  Species Juncus acutiflorus Ehrh. ex Hoffm. – sharpflower rush 
                                  Species Juncus acutus L. – spiny rush 
                                  Species Juncus X alpiniformis Fernald – alpine rush 
                                  Species Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix – northern green rush 
                                  Species Juncus anthelatus (Wiegand) R.E. Brooks – greater poverty rush 
                                  Species Juncus arcticus Willd. – Arctic rush 
                                  Species Juncus articulatus L. – jointed rush, jointleaf rush 
                                  Species Juncus balticus Willd. – Baltic rush 
                                  Species Juncus biflorus Elliott – bog rush 
                                  Species Juncus biglumis L. – twoflowered rush 
                                  Species Juncus bolanderi Engelm. – Bolander's rush 
                                  Species Juncus brachycarpus Engelm. – whiteroot rush 
                                  Species Juncus brachycephalus (Engelm.) Buchenau – small-head rush, smallhead rush 
                                  Species Juncus brachyphyllus Wiegand – tuftedstem rush 
                                  Species Juncus brevicaudatus (Engelm.) Fernald – narrow-panicle rush, narrowpanicle rush 
                                  Species Juncus breweri Engelm. – Brewer's rush 
                                  Species Juncus bryoides F.J. Herm. – moss rush 
                                  Species Juncus bufonius L. – toad rush 
                                  Species Juncus bulbosus L. – bulbous rush 
                                  Species Juncus caesariensis Coville – New Jersey rush 
                                  Species Juncus canadensis J. Gay ex Laharpe – Canadian rush 
                                  Species Juncus capillaris F.J. Herm. – hairystem dwarf rush 
                                  Species Juncus capitatus Weigel – leafybract dwarf rush 
                                  Species Juncus castaneus Sm. – chestnut rush 
                                  Species Juncus chlorocephalus Engelm. – greenhead rush 
                                  Species Juncus compressus Jacq. – roundfruit rush 
                                  Species Juncus confusus Coville – Colorado rush 
                                  Species Juncus conglomeratus L. – common rush 
                                  Species Juncus cooperi Engelm. – Cooper rush, Cooper's rush 
                                  Species Juncus coriaceus Mack. – leathery rush 
                                  Species Juncus covillei Piper – Coville's rush 
                                  Species Juncus cyperoides Laharpe – Forbestown rush 
                                  Species Juncus debilis A. Gray – weak rush 
                                  Species Juncus decipiens (Buchenau) Nakai – lamp rush 
                                  Species Juncus dichotomus Elliott – forked rush 
                                  Species Juncus diffusissimus Buckley – slimpod rush 
                                  Species Juncus drummondii E. Mey. – Drummond rush, Drummond's rush 
                                  Species Juncus dubius Engelm. – dubius rush, Mariposa rush, questionable rush 
                                  Species Juncus dudleyi Wiegand – Dudley's rush, Dudley rush 
                                  Species Juncus effusus L. – lamp rush, common rush 
                                  Species Juncus elliottii Chapm. – Elliott's rush 
                                  Species Juncus ensifolius Wikstr. – three-stamened rush, swordleaf rush 
                                  Species Juncus exiguus (Fernald & Wiegand) Lint ex Snogerup & Zika – lamp rush 
                                  Species Juncus falcatus E. Mey. – falcate rush 
                                  Species Juncus filiformis L. – thread rush 
                                  Species Juncus filipendulus Buckley – ringseed rush 
                                  Species Juncus X fulvescens Fernald – rush 
                                  Species Juncus georgianus Coville – Georgia rush 
                                  Species Juncus gerardii Loisel. – saltmeadow rush, saltmarsh rush 
                                  Species Juncus X gracilescens F.J. Herm. ex Wadmond – rush 
                                  Species Juncus greenei Oakes & Tuck. – Greene's rush, jonc de Greene 
                                  Species Juncus gregiflorus L.A.S. Johnson  
                                  Species Juncus gymnocarpus Coville – Pennsylvania rush 
                                  Species Juncus haenkei E. Mey. – Haenke's rush 
                                  Species Juncus hallii Engelm. – Hall's rush, Hall rush 
                                  Species Juncus hemiendytus F.J. Herm. – blood rush, Herman's dwarf rush 
                                  Species Juncus hesperius (Piper) Lint – lamp rush 
                                  Species Juncus howellii F.J. Herm. – Howell's rush 
                                  Species Juncus hybridus Brot.  
                                  Species Juncus inflexus L. – European meadow rush 
                                  Species Juncus interior Wiegand – inland rush 
                                  Species Juncus kelloggii Engelm. – Kellogg's rush, Kellogg's dwarf rush 
                                  Species Juncus laccatus Zika – lamp rush 
                                  Species Juncus leiospermus F.J. Herm. – Red Bluff dwarf rush 
                                  Species Juncus X lemieuxii B. Boivin – Lemieux's rush 
                                  Species Juncus lesueurii Bol. – salt rush 
                                  Species Juncus longii Fernald – Long's rush 
                                  Species Juncus longistylis Torr. – long-style rush, long-styled rush 
                                  Species Juncus luciensis Ertter – Santa Lucia dwarf rush 
                                  Species Juncus macrandrus Coville – longanther rush 
                                  Species Juncus macrophyllus Coville – longleaf rush 
                                  Species Juncus marginatus Rostk. – grassleaf rush 
                                  Species Juncus maritimus Lam. – sea rush 
                                  Species Juncus megacephalus M.A. Curtis – bighead rush 
                                  Species Juncus mertensianus Bong. – Mertens' rush 
                                  Species Juncus militaris Bigelow – bayonet rush 
                                  Species Juncus monanthos Jacq.  
                                  Species Juncus nevadensis S. Watson – Nevada rush, Sierra rush 
                                  Species Juncus nodatus Coville – stout rush 
                                  Species Juncus X nodosiformis Fernald – rush 
                                  Species Juncus nodosus L. – jointed rush, knotted rush 
                                  Species Juncus occidentalis Wiegand – western rush 
                                  Species Juncus X oronensis Fernald (pro. sp.) – rush 
                                  Species Juncus orthophyllus Coville – straightleaf rush 
                                  Species Juncus oxymeris Engelm. – pointed rush 
                                  Species Juncus paludosus E.L. Bridges & Orzell  
                                  Species Juncus parryi Engelm. – Parry rush, Parry's rush 
                                  Species Juncus patens E. Mey. – spreading rush 
                                  Species Juncus pelocarpus E. Mey. – brownfruit rush 
                                  Species Juncus pervetus Fernald  
                                  Species Juncus phaeocephalus Engelm. – brownhead rush 
                                  Species Juncus planifolius R. Br. – broadleaf rush 
                                  Species Juncus polyanthemus Buchenau  
                                  Species Juncus polycephalus Michx. – flatleaf rush, manyhead rush 
                                  Species Juncus prominens (Buchenau) Miyabe & Kud˘ – Chilean rush 
                                  Species Juncus pylaei Laharpe – common rush 
                                  Species Juncus ranarius Songeon & E.P. Perrier  
                                  Species Juncus regelii Buchenau – Regel rush, Regel's rush 
                                  Species Juncus repens Michx. – lesser creeping rush 
                                  Species Juncus roemerianus Scheele – needlegrass rush 
                                  Species Juncus sarophorus L.A.S. Johnson  
                                  Species Juncus saximontanus A. Nelson – Rocky Mountain rush 
                                  Species Juncus scirpoides Lam. – needlepod rush 
                                  Species Juncus secundus P. Beauv. ex Poir. – lopsided rush 
                                  Species Juncus sphaerocarpus Nees  
                                  Species Juncus squarrosus L. – mosquito rush 
                                  Species Juncus X stuckeyi M. Reinking – Stuckey's rush 
                                  Species Juncus stygius L. – moor rush 
                                  Species Juncus subcaudatus (Engelm.) Coville & S.F. Blake – woodland rush 
                                  Species Juncus subnodulosus Schrank – bluntflower rush 
                                  Species Juncus subtilis E. Mey. – greater creeping rush 
                                  Species Juncus supiniformis Engelm. – hairyleaf rush 
                                  Species Juncus tenuis Willd. – field rush, path rush, slender yard rush, wiregrass, slender rush, poverty rush 
                                  Species Juncus texanus (Engelm.) Coville – Texas rush 
                                  Species Juncus textilis Buchenau – basket rush 
                                  Species Juncus tiehmii Ertter – Nevada rush, Tiehm's rush 
                                  Species Juncus torreyi Coville – Torrey rush, Torrey's rush 
                                  Species Juncus trifidus L. – highland rush 
                                  Species Juncus triformis Engelm. – Yosemite dwarf rush 
                                  Species Juncus triglumis L. – threehulled rush, three-hulled rush 
                                  Species Juncus trigonocarpus Steud. – redpod rush 
                                  Species Juncus uncialis Greene – twelfth rush 
                                  Species Juncus usitatus L.A.S. Johnson  
                                  Species Juncus validus Coville – roundhead rush 
                                  Species Juncus vaseyi Engelm. – Vasey rush, Vasey's rush 
                                  Species Juncus xiphioides E. Mey. – irisleaf rush 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: jonc[French]   
       
  Source: Juncaceae of North America Update, database (version 2010)  
  Acquired: 2010   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Juncus   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Juncus   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Juncus   
       
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. http://plants.usda.gov   
  Reference for: Juncus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Brooks, Ralph E., and Steven E. Clemants / Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title: 209. Juncaceae Jussieu   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Flora of North America North of Mexico: Volume 22: Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae (in part), and Zingiberidae   
  Page(s): 211-267   
  Publisher: Oxford University Press   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-19-513729-9   
  Notes: This volume is reproduced online (http://www.fna.org/)   
  Reference for: Juncus, jonc [French], rush [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
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