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Euphorbia terracina  L.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 506980

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Euphorbia rhombea Willd. ex Link
    Euphorbia ramosissima Loisel.
    Euphorbia neapolitana Ten.
    Euphorbia provincialis Willd.
    Euphorbia modesta Boiss.
    Euphorbia obtusifolia Lam.
    Euphorbia obliquata Forssk.
    Euphorbia panacea Webb & Berthel.
    Euphorbia purpurascens Salzm. ex Ball
    Keraselma provincialis (Willd.) Raf.
    Lophobios terracina (L.) Raf.
    Euphorbia seticornis Poir.
    Euphorbia ehrenbergii Sweet
    Euphorbia valentina Ortega
    Keraselma diversifolia (Poir.) Raf.
    Euphorbia tenuicuspis Guss. ex Rchb.
    Euphorbia trapezoidalis Viv.
    Euphorbia carullae Sennen
    Euphorbia diversifolia Poir.
    Euphorbia cyprianii Maire & Sennen
    Euphorbia alexandrina Delile
    Euphorbia abortiva Porta
    Euphorbia affinis DC.
    Esula valentina (Ortega) Haw.
    Esula terracina (L.) Fourr.
    Esula provincialis (Willd.) Haw.
    Euphorbia italica Lam.
    Euphorbia mendax Maire & Wilczek
    Euphorbia linaria Link
    Euphorbia leiosperma Sibth. & Sm.
    Euphorbia halacsyi Formánek
    Euphorbia verna Salzm. ex Ball
    Euphorbia italica G. Tineo
    Euphorbia heterophylla Desf.
    Euphorbia garrullae Sennen
    Tithymalus panaceus (Webb & Berthel.) Klotzsch & Garcke
    Tithymalus trapezoidalis (Viv.) Klotzsch & Garcke
    Tithymalus terracinus (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke
    Euphorbia terracina var. delortii Timb.-Lagr. ex Nyman
    Euphorbia terracina var. variicornis Maire & Sennen
    Euphorbia terracina var. ramosissima (Loisel.) Nyman
    Euphorbia terracina var. modesta (Boiss.) Boiss.
    Euphorbia terracina var. mendax (Maire & Wilczek) Maire
    Euphorbia terracina var. ecarunculata Boiss.
    Euphorbia terracina var. alexandrina (Delile) El-Kanemy
    Euphorbia terracina f. angustifolia Batt.
  Common Name(s): Geraldton carnation weed [English]
    Terracina spurge [English]
    carnation spurge [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames  
                            FamilyEuphorbiaceae  – spurge, euphorbes  
                               GenusEuphorbia L. – spurge  
                                  SpeciesEuphorbia terracina L. – Geraldton carnation weed, Terracina spurge, carnation spurge  

  Expert: Paul E. Berry, PhD  
  Notes: Director, University of Michigan Herbarium   
  Reference for: Euphorbia terracina    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory database, database (version 2016)  
  Acquired: 2016   
  Notes: Riina, R. and Berry, P.E. (coordinators). 2016. Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory database. Available from Tolkin (   
  Reference for: Euphorbia terracina   
  Source: Malpighiales of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Euphorbia terracina   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Euphorbia terracina   
  Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.   
  Reference for: Euphorbia terracina   
  Publication Date:    
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:    
  Publication Place:    
  Reference for:    

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Introduced  






 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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