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Bubalus bubalis  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 552476

(Download Help) Bubalus bubalis TSN 552476

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): water buffalo [English]
 
    water buffalo (feral) [English]
 
    Water Buffalo [English]
 
    domestic water buffalo [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderArtiodactyla Owen, 1848 – artiodactyls, porco do mato, veado, cloven-hoofed ungulates, even-toed ungulates  
                                  FamilyBovidae Gray, 1821 – antelopes, cattle, goats, sheep, bovids  
                                     SubfamilyBovinae Gray, 1821  
                                        GenusBubalus C. H. Smith, 1827 – water buffalos  
                                           SpeciesBubalus bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758) – water buffalo, water buffalo (feral), Water Buffalo, domestic water buffalo  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Bubalus bubalis arnee (Kerr, 1792) – Indian water buffalo, arni 
                                              Subspecies Bubalus bubalis bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758)  
                                              Subspecies Bubalus bubalis fulvus (Blanford, 1891)  
                                              Subspecies Bubalus bubalis kerabau Fitzinger, 1860  
                                              Subspecies Bubalus bubalis migona Deraniyagala, 1952  
                                              Subspecies Bubalus bubalis theerapati Groves, 1996  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Bubalus bubalis    
       
  Expert: Peter Grubb  
  Notes: 35 Downhills Park Road, London N17 6PE, England   
  Reference for: Bubalus bubalis    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source:    
  Acquired:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Bubalus bubalis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bubalus bubalis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Bubalus bubalis, water buffalo [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    South America  
    Australia  
    Southern Asia  
    Oceania  
    Africa  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Central Pacific Territories, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: CITES - Appendix III (Nepal) as B. arnee (excludes domesticated forms - but see comments below; IUCN - Endangered  
    Comments: Includes arnee, the name used for the species by those workers who do not employ specific names based on domestic mammals; bubalis is the senior synonym; see Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951:383); but see also Corbet and Hill (1991:130). Gentry et al. (1996) proposed that majority usage be confirmed by adoption of Bubalus arnee as the name for the wild taxon of water buffaloes, though it has not been demonstrated that most authors term the wild buffalo B. arnee rather than B. bubalis (or B...  
    ITIS defers to Wilson & Reeder (eds., 2005) on the correct name for a species when the choice is between an older name based on a domestic form and a younger name based on a wild form. ICZN Opinion 2027 (3/2003) sought to resolve this, but by itself the Ruling contained in that Opinion effectively says that it cannot be based on priority. More explicit guidance is found in the "History of Case 3010" section of the Opinion, but ITIS has been advised that only the Ruling section is binding. Thus, there is apparently no basis upon which to select the correct (valid) name  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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