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Lepus europaeus  Pallas, 1778
Taxonomic Serial No.: 552501

(Download Help) Lepus europaeus TSN 552501

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): European Hare [English]
 
    brown hare [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderLagomorpha Brandt, 1855 – coelho, tapeti, lagomorphs, Rabbits, Hares, Pikas  
                                  FamilyLeporidae Fischer, 1817 – Hares, Rabbits  
                                     GenusLepus Linnaeus, 1758 – Hares, Jackrabbits, Jack Rabbits  
                                        SubgenusLepus (Eulagos) Gray, 1867  
                                           SpeciesLepus europaeus Pallas, 1778 – European Hare, brown hare  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus caspicus Hemprich and Erhenberg, 1832  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus connori Robinson, 1918  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus creticus Barrett-Hamilton, 1903  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus cyprius Barrett-Hamilton, 1903  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus cyrensis Satunin, 1905  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus europaeus Pallas, 1778  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus hybridus Desmarest, 1822  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus judeae Gray, 1867  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus karpathorum Hilzheimer, 1906  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus medius Nilsson, 1820  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus occidentalis de Winton, 1898  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus parnassius Miller, 1903  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus ponticus Ognev, 1929  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus rhodius Festa, 1914  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus syriacus Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1832  
                                              Subspecies Lepus europaeus transsylvanicus Matschie, 1901  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Lepus europaeus    
       
  Expert: Robert S. Hoffman  
  Notes: Assistant Secretary for the Sciences, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560   
  Reference for: Lepus europaeus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source:    
  Acquired:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Lepus europaeus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Lepus europaeus, European Hare [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Lepus europaeus, European Hare [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Australia  
    South America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Introduced  
    Canada, Introduced  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (lc); however, this once common species is now declining across Europe and a reevaluation of its status is likely to place it in one of the IUCN threatened categories (Schneider, 1997)  
    Comments: Subgenus Eulagus (Averianov, 1998; Gromov and Baranova, 1981; Gureev, 1964). This species was earlier placed in capensis by Petter (1961a) based on what was interpreted as a cline in morphological characters (mainly size) from NE Africa eastward across the N Arabian peninsula and the Middle East, and northward through Israel to Turkey. Sympatry between large "europaeus" and small "capensis" (= tolai) in Kazakhstan, without evidence of hybridization (Sludskii et al., 1980) was interpreted as...  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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