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Manis  Linnaeus, 1758
Taxonomic Serial No.: 584905

(Download Help) Manis TSN 584905

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s):    
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2006   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderPholidota Weber, 1904 – Pangolins, scaly anteaters, pholidotes  
                                  FamilyManidae Gray, 1821  
                                     GenusManis Linnaeus, 1758  
    Direct Children:  
                                        Subgenus Manis (Manis) Linnaeus, 1758  
                                        Subgenus Manis (Paramanis) Pocock, 1824 – Malayan Pangolins 
                                        Subgenus Manis (Phataginus) Rafinesque, 1821  
                                        Subgenus Manis (Smutsia) Gray, 1865  
                                        Subgenus Manis (Uromanis) Pocock, 1924  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Duane A. Schlitter  
  Notes: Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Science, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX 77843, dschlitter@wfscgate.tamu.edu   
  Reference for: Manis    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source:    
  Acquired:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Heath, Martha E.  
  Publication Date: 1992   
  Article/Chapter Title: Manis pentadactyla   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammalian Species, no. 414   
  Page(s): 1-6   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0076-3519   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Manis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Manis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Manis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Manis   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Comments: Family reviewed by Mohr (1961). Morphological evidence suggests a subdivision of the genus into two genera (Manis and Phataginus), see Corbet and Hill (1992) and Patterson (1978); or four subgenera (Manis, Paramanis, Smutsia, and Uromanis), see Meester (1972a), Meester et al. (1986), and Mohr (1961). Gaudin and Wible (1999) conducted a cladistical analysis of 67 cranial characters in extant pangolins plus one fossil genus and found that the Asian pangolins form a monophyletic clade while th...  
    Linnaeus (1758) originally established the genus Manis with only the species pentadactyla. The etymological theory that Manis (e.g., Heath 1992) is derived from "manes" (which is apparently plural & masculine Latin for 'spirits') appears to contradict the clearly feminine combination Linnaeus created. Additionally, he later (1766) coined "Manis tetradactyla", further supporting a feminine gender for the genus Manis  
 

 

   

 
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