the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Paranais  Czerniavsky, 1880
Taxonomic Serial No.: 68862

(Download Help) Paranais TSN 68862

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Wapsa Marcus, 1965
 
  Common Name(s): aquatic oligochaete worm [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: unknown   
  Latest Record Review: 2013   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomProtostomia   
          SuperphylumLophozoa   
             PhylumAnnelida  – annelids, annélides, Anelídeo, minhoca, sanguessuga  
                ClassClitellata   
                   SubclassTubificata   
                      OrderTubificida Brinkhurst, 1982 – aquatic oligochaete worm  
                         FamilyNaididae Ehrenberg, 1828 – aquatic oligochaete worm  
                            SubfamilyNaidinae Ehrenberg, 1828 – aquatic oligochaete worm  
                               GenusParanais Czerniavsky, 1880 – aquatic oligochaete worm  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Paranais birsteini Sokolskaya, 1971 – aquatic oligochaete worm 
                                  Species Paranais botniensis Sperber, 1948  
                                  Species Paranais frici Hrabe, 1941 – aquatic oligochaete worm 
                                  Species Paranais grandis (Harman, 1977) – aquatic oligochaete worm 
                                  Species Paranais litoralis Müller, 1784 – aquatic oligochaete worm 
                                  Species Paranais macrochaeta Cernosvitov, 1939  
                                  Species Paranais simplex Hrabe, 1936  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Mark J. Wetzel  
  Notes: Oligochaetologist and Curator/Collections Manager of the INHS Annelida Collection, Illinois Natural History Survey, Forbes Natural History Building, MC-652, 1816 South Oak Street, Champaign, Illinois, 61801 USA   
  Reference for: Paranais    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Classification and checklist of the freshwater oligochaetes 2013, website (version 2013)  
  Acquired: 2013   
  Notes: Wetzel, M.J., R.D. Kathman, S.V. Fend, and K.A. Coates. 2013. Classification and checklist of the freshwater oligochaetes occurring in North America north of Mexico. World Wide Web URL: http://wwx.inhs.illinois.edu/people/mjwetzel/fwoligonachecklist   
  Reference for: Paranais   
       
  Source: Classification and Checklist of the Freshwater Oligochaetes..., website (version 31-Oct-07)  
  Acquired: 2007   
  Notes: Wetzel, M.J., R.D. Kathman, S.V. Fend, and K.A. Coates. 2007. Classification and checklist of the freshwater oligochaetes occurring in North America north of Mexico. World Wide Web URL: http://wwx.inhs.illinois.edu/people/mjwetzel/fwoligonachecklist   
  Reference for: Paranais   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Paranais   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Brinkhurst, Ralph O., and Kathryn A. Coates  
  Publication Date: 1985   
  Article/Chapter Title: The genus Paranais (Oligochaeta: Naididae) in North America   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. 98, no. 2   
  Page(s): 303-313   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0006-324X   
  Notes: Available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34648582   
  Reference for: Paranais   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Czerniavsky, Voldemarus  
  Publication Date: 1881   
  Article/Chapter Title: Materialia ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam III. Vermes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou, vol. 55, no. 4   
  Page(s): 213-363   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Paranais   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Hiltunen, Jarl K., and Donald J. Klemm / Klemm, Donald J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1985   
  Article/Chapter Title: Freshwater Naididae (Annelida: Oligochaeta)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: A guide to the freshwater Annelida (Polychaeta, naidid and tubificid Oligochaeta, and Hirudinea) of North America   
  Page(s): 24-43   
  Publisher: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co.   
  Publication Place: Dubuque, Iowa, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8403-3577-6   
  Notes: out of print   
  Reference for: Paranais   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Kathman, R. Deedee, and Ralph O. Brinkhurst  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title: Naididae   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Guide to the Freshwater Oligochaetes of North America   
  Page(s): 31-99   
  Publisher: Aquatic Resources Center   
  Publication Place: College Grove, Tennessee, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: First published Nov. 1998, revised May 1999; no isbn or issn assigned; inquiries about this guide should be sent to Dr. R.D. Kathman via post (5125 Rock Bridge Lane, Thompsons Station, Tennessee 37179 USA), or via email (R.Deedee.Kathman{AT}gmail.com)   
  Reference for: Paranais   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Sperber, Christina  
  Publication Date: 1948   
  Article/Chapter Title: A taxonomical study of the Naididae   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoologiska Bidrag från Uppsala, vol. 28   
  Page(s): 1-296   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Paranais   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Throughout the literature, the date of this publication has been presented as '1880'; however, ITIS comentator M. J. Wetzel accessed the actual volume for this publication: the date '1880' is stated on the front cover of this publication, and this date is 'supported' with a notation of the volume for the year 1880 [vis, 'Année 1880']; however, located immediately below 'Année 1880' on the front page, MJW observed the notation of the publisher, 'Imprimerie de l'Université Impériale. (M. Katkoff). 1881.' So, MJW is stating here that the actual publication year is 1881  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
LOADING...
 

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    


Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar