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Macrobiotus hufelandi  C.A.S. Schultze, 1834
Taxonomic Serial No.: 711096

(Download Help) Macrobiotus hufelandi TSN 711096

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Macrobiotus hufelandii C.A.S. Schultze, 1834
 
    Macrobiotus eminens Ehrenberg, 1895
 
    Macrobiotus interruptus Della Valle, 1914
 
  Common Name(s):    
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - minimum standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomProtostomia   
          SuperphylumEcdysozoa   
             PhylumTardigrada  – tardigrades, water bears, tardigrades, tardígrado  
                ClassEutardigrada Richters, 1926 – eutardigrades  
                   OrderParachela Schuster, Nelson, Grigarick and Christenberry, 1980  
                      FamilyMacrobiotidae Thulin, 1928  
                         SubfamilyMacrobiotinae Guidetti, Rebecchi and Bertolani, 2000  
                            GenusMacrobiotus C.A.S. Schultze, 1834  
                               SpeciesMacrobiotus hufelandi C.A.S. Schultze, 1834  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Subspecies Macrobiotus hufelandi hufelandi C.A.S. Schultze, 1834  
                                  Subspecies Macrobiotus hufelandi maculatus Iharos, 1973  
       

 References
       
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  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Bertolani, Roberto, and Lorena Rebecchi  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: A revision of the Macrobiotus hufelandi group (Tardigrada, Macrobiotidae), with some observations on the taxonomic characters of eutardigrades   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoologica Scripta, vol. 22, no. 2   
  Page(s): 127-152   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0300-3256   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Bertolani, Roberto, and Lorena Rebecchi  
  Publication Date: 1996   
  Article/Chapter Title: The tardigrades of Emilia (Italy). II. Monte Rondinaio. A multihabitat study on a high altitude valley of the norther Apennines   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 116, nos. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 3-12   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0024-4082   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Biserov, Vladimir  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: The Tardigrada of the Komandorskiye Islands, with a description of Dactylobiotus dervizi sp. n. (Eutardigrada, Macrobiotidae)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Entomologische Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum Hamburg, vol. 12, no. 158   
  Page(s): 327-336   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0044-5223   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Biserov, Vladimir I.  
  Publication Date: 1996   
  Article/Chapter Title: Tardigrades of the Taimyr peninsula with descriptions of two new species   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 116, nos. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 215-237   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0024-4082   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Biserov, Vladimir I.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Tardigrades of the Caucasus with a Taxonomic Analysis of the Genus Ramazzottius (Parachela: Hypsibiidae)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoologischer Anzeiger, vol. 236, no. 2-3   
  Page(s): 139-159   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0044-5231   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Dastych, Hieronim / Higgins, Robert P., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1975   
  Article/Chapter Title: Some Tardigrada from the Himalayas (Nepal) with a description of Echiniscus (E.) nepalensis n. sp.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Memorie dell'Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia Dott. Marco de Marchi, vol. 32 suppl.: International Symposium on Tardigrades, Pallanza, Italy, June 17-19, 1974   
  Page(s): 61-68   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Guidetti, Roberto, and Roberto Bertolani  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Tardigrade taxonomy: an updated check list of the taxa and a list of characters for their identification   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zootaxa, issue 845   
  Page(s): 1-46   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1175-5326   
  Notes: Online edition ISSN is 1175-5334: http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/   
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Kaczmarek, Lukasz, and Lukasz Michalczyk  
  Publication Date: 2006   
  Article/Chapter Title: The Tardigrada Fauna of Mongolia (Central Asia) with a Description of Isohypsibius altai sp. nov. (Eutardigrada: Hypsibiidae)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoological Studies, vol. 45, no. 1   
  Page(s): 11-23   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1021-5506   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Marcus, E.  
  Publication Date: 1936   
  Article/Chapter Title: Tardigrada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Das Tierreich, 66   
  Page(s): xvii + 340   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Maucci, W.  
  Publication Date: 1974   
  Article/Chapter Title: Tardigradi muscicoli del Carso Trestino   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bollettino della Societa' Adriatica di Scienze - Trieste, vol. 59   
  Page(s): 107-150   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
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  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Maucci, Walter  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: A contribution to the knowledge of the North American Tardigrada with emphasis on the fauna of Yellowstone National Park (Wyoming)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Biology of Tardigrades: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on the Tardigrada, Modena, September 3-5, 1985   
  Page(s): 187-210   
  Publisher: MUCCHI   
  Publication Place: Modena, Italy   
  ISBN/ISSN: 88-7000-108-3   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Maucci, Walter  
  Publication Date: 1991   
  Article/Chapter Title: Tre nuove specie di Eutardigradi della Groenlandia meridionale   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, vol. 15   
  Page(s): 279-289   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0392-0062   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Maucci, Walter  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Prime notizie su Tardigradi "terrestri" del Madagascar con descrizione di tre specie nuove   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, vol. 17   
  Page(s): 381-391   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0392-0062   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Maucci, Walter  
  Publication Date: 1996   
  Article/Chapter Title: Tardigrada of the Arctic tundra with descriptions of two new species   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 116, nos. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 185-204   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0024-4082   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Michalczyk, Lukasz, and Lukasz Kaczmarek  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title: Water Bears (Tardigrada) of the Bieszczady Mountains (Poland, West Carpathians)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zootaxa, issue 242   
  Page(s): 1-24   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1175-5326   
  Notes: Online edition ISSN is 1175-5334: http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/   
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Murray, James  
  Publication Date: 1906   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scottish Alpine Tardigrada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Annals of Scottish Natural History, no. 57   
  Page(s): 25-30   
  Publisher:    
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  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Murray, James  
  Publication Date: 1906   
  Article/Chapter Title: The Tardigrada of the Forth Valley (Second Paper)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Annals of Scottish Natural History, no. 60   
  Page(s): 214-217   
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  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nelson, Diane R. / Higgins, Robert P., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1975   
  Article/Chapter Title: Ecological distribution of Tardigrades on Roan Mountain, Tennessee-North Carolina   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Memorie dell'Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia Dott. Marco de Marchi, vol. 32 suppl.: International Symposium on Tardigrades, Pallanza, Italy, June 17-19, 1974   
  Page(s): 225-276   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
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  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Nishida, Gordon M., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2002   
  Article/Chapter Title: Hawaiian Terrestrial Arthropod Checklist, 4th ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bishop Museum Technical Report no. 22   
  Page(s): iv + 313   
  Publisher: Hawaii Biological Survey, Bishop Museum   
  Publication Place: Honolulu, Hawaii, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1085-455X   
  Notes: Contribution No. 2002-005 to the Hawaii Biological Survey   
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Ramazzotti, G., and W. Maucci  
  Publication Date: 1983   
  Article/Chapter Title: Il Philum Tardigrada: III edizione riveduta e aggiornata   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Memorie dell'Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia Dott. Marco de Marchi, vol. 41   
  Page(s): 1012   
  Publisher: Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia   
  Publication Place: Verbania Pallanza, Italy   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0374-9118   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Richters, F.  
  Publication Date: 1903   
  Article/Chapter Title: Nordische Tardigraden   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoologischer Anzeiger, vol. 27, no. 5   
  Page(s): 168-172   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Richters, F.  
  Publication Date: 1908   
  Article/Chapter Title: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Moosfauna Australiens und der Inseln des Pazifischen Ozeans   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik Geographie und Biologie der Tiere   
  Page(s): 196-213   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Schuster, R. O., D. R. Nelson, A. A. Grigarick, and D. Christenberry  
  Publication Date: 1980   
  Article/Chapter Title: Systematic Criteria of the Eutardigrada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, vol. 99, no. 3   
  Page(s): 284-303   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0003-0023   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Thulin, Gustav  
  Publication Date: 1928   
  Article/Chapter Title: Über die Phylogenie und das System der Tardigraden   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Hereditas, vol. 11   
  Page(s): 207-266   
  Publisher:    
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  Notes:    
  Reference for: Macrobiotus hufelandi   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Africa  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Middle America  
    North America  
    Oceania  
    Southern Asia  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Bertolani & Rebecchi (1993) note Schultze "erected the species Macrobiotus Hufelandii [...]. This species is still valid today (as Macrobiotus hufelandi Schultze, 1834 according to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature)." This assertion seems to be in direct conflict with the current edition of the ICZN (4th ed., 1999), so it appears that the correct spelling should be the original, Macrobiotus hufelandi (see Articles 31.1 & 33.4 in particular). Spelling has been variously given as ending in -ii or -i in the literature. Many earlier works (Murray, 1910; Marcus, 1928, 1929, 1936; Mathews, 1938) use huflandii, while more recently some major works have spelled it huflandi (Ramazzotti & Maucci, 1983; Guidetti & Bertolani, 2005). Marcus (1936) lists various spellings that have been used in the literature. Further research is needed to clarify the correct spelling  
 

 

   

 
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