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Pristimantis  Jiménez de la Espada, 1870
Taxonomic Serial No.: 773300

(Download Help) Pristimantis TSN 773300

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Trachyphrynus Goin and Cochran, 1963
 
  Common Name(s):    
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2009   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassAmphibia  – amphibiens, anfíbio, Amphibians  
                         OrderAnura  – Frogs, perereca, ră, sapo, crapauds, grenouilles, Toads  
                            FamilyStrabomantidae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008  
                               SubfamilyStrabomantinae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008  
                                  GenusPristimantis Jiménez de la Espada, 1870  
    Direct Children:  
                                     Species Pristimantis aaptus (Lynch and Lescure, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis acatallelus (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1983)  
                                     Species Pristimantis acerus (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis achatinus (Boulenger, 1898)  
                                     Species Pristimantis achuar Elmer and Cannatella, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis actinolaimus (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis actites (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis acuminatus (Shreve, 1935)  
                                     Species Pristimantis acutirostris (Lynch, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis adiastolus Duellman and Hedges, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis aemulatus (Ruiz-Carranza, Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis affinis (Werner, 1899)  
                                     Species Pristimantis alalocophus (Roa-Trujillo and Ruiz-Carranza, 1991)  
                                     Species Pristimantis albericoi (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis albertus Duellman and Hedges, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis altae (Dunn, 1942)  
                                     Species Pristimantis altamazonicus (Barbour and Dunn, 1921)  
                                     Species Pristimantis altamnis Elmer and Cannatella, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis amydrotus (Duellman and Lehr, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis andinognomus Lehr and Coloma, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis anemerus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis angustilineatus (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis aniptopalmatus (Duellman and Hedges, 2005)  
                                     Species Pristimantis anolirex (Lynch, 1983)  
                                     Species Pristimantis anotis (Walker and Test, 1955)  
                                     Species Pristimantis apiculatus (Lynch and Burrowes, 1990)  
                                     Species Pristimantis appendiculatus (Werner, 1894)  
                                     Species Pristimantis aquilonaris Lehr, Aguilar, Siu-Ting and Jordán, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis aracamuni (Barrio-Amorós and Molina, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ardalonychus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ashkapara (Köhler, 2000)  
                                     Species Pristimantis atrabracus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis atratus (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis aurantiguttatus (Ruiz-Carranza, Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis aureolineatus (Guayasamin, Ron, Cisneros-Heredia, Lamar and McCracken, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis auricarens Myers and Donnelly, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis avicuporum (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis avius (Myers and Donnelly, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bacchus (Lynch, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis baiotis (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis balionotus (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis baryecuus (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis batrachites (Lynch, 2003)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bearsei (Duellman, 1992)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bellator Lehr, Aguilar, Siu-Ting and Jordán, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis bellona (Lynch, 1992)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bernali (Lynch, 1986)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bicolor (Rueda-Almonacid and Lynch, 1983)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bicumulus (Peters, 1863)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bipunctatus (Duellman and Hedges, 2005)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bisignatus (Werner, 1899)  
                                     Species Pristimantis boconoensis (Rivero and Mayorga, 1973)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bogotensis (Peters, 1863)  
                                     Species Pristimantis boulengeri (Lynch, 1981)  
                                     Species Pristimantis brevifrons (Lynch, 1981)  
                                     Species Pristimantis briceni (Boulenger, 1903)  
                                     Species Pristimantis bromeliaceus (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis buccinator (Rodriguez, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis buckleyi (Boulenger, 1882)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cabrerai (Cochran and Goin, 1970)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cacao (Lynch, 1992)  
                                     Species Pristimantis caeruleonotus Lehr, Aguilar, Siu-Ting and Jordán, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis cajamarcensis (Barbour and Noble, 1920)  
                                     Species Pristimantis calcaratus (Boulenger, 1908)  
                                     Species Pristimantis calcarulatus (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis caliginosus (Lynch, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cantitans (Myers and Donnelly, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis capitonis (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis caprifer (Lynch, 1977)  
                                     Species Pristimantis carlossanchezi (Arroyo, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis carmelitae (Ruthven, 1922)  
                                     Species Pristimantis carranguerorum (Lynch, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis carvalhoi (Lutz in Lutz and Kloss, 1952)  
                                     Species Pristimantis caryophyllaceus (Barbour, 1928)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cavernibardus (Myers and Donnelly, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis celator (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cerasinus (Cope, 1875)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ceuthospilus (Duellman and Wild, 1993)  
                                     Species Pristimantis chalceus (Peters, 1873)  
                                     Species Pristimantis charlottevillensis (Kaiser, Dwyer, Feichtinger and Schmid, 1995)  
                                     Species Pristimantis chiastonotus (Lynch and Hoogmoed, 1977)  
                                     Species Pristimantis chimu Lehr, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis chloronotus (Lynch, 1969)  
                                     Species Pristimantis chrysops (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis citriogaster (Duellman, 1992)  
                                     Species Pristimantis colodactylus (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis colomai (Lynch and Duellman, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis colonensis (Mueses-Cisneros, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis colostichos (La Marca and Smith, 1982)  
                                     Species Pristimantis condor (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis conspicillatus (Günther, 1858)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cordovae (Lehr and Duellman, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis corniger (Lynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2003)  
                                     Species Pristimantis coronatus Lehr and Duellman, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis corrugatus (Duellman, Lehr and Venegas, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cosnipatae (Duellman, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cremnobates (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis crenunguis (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis crepitans (Bokermann, 1965)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cristinae (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1985)  
                                     Species Pristimantis croceoinguinis (Lynch, 1968)  
                                     Species Pristimantis crucifer (Boulenger, 1899)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cruciocularis (Lehr, Lundberg, Aguilar and von May, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cruentus (Peters, 1873)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cryophilius (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cryptomelas (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cuentasi (Lynch, 2003)  
                                     Species Pristimantis culatensis (La Marca, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis cuneirostris (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis curtipes (Boulenger, 1882)  
                                     Species Pristimantis danae (Duellman, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis degener (Lynch and Duellman, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis deinops (Lynch, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis delicatus (Ruthven, 1917)  
                                     Species Pristimantis delius (Duellman and Mendelson, 1995)  
                                     Species Pristimantis dendrobatoides Means and Savage, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis devillei (Boulenger, 1880)  
                                     Species Pristimantis diadematus (Jiménez de la Espada, 1875)  
                                     Species Pristimantis diaphonus (Lynch, 1986)  
                                     Species Pristimantis diogenes (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis dissimulatus (Lynch and Duellman, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis dorsopictus (Rivero and Serna, 1988)  
                                     Species Pristimantis douglasi (Lynch, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis duellmani (Lynch, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis duende (Lynch, 2001)  
                                     Species Pristimantis dundeei (Heyer and Muńoz, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis elegans (Peters, 1863)  
                                     Species Pristimantis epacrus (Lynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2000)  
                                     Species Pristimantis eremitus (Lynch, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis eriphus (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ernesti (Flores, 1987)  
                                     Species Pristimantis erythropleura (Boulenger, 1896)  
                                     Species Pristimantis esmeraldas (Guayasamin, 2004)  
                                     Species Pristimantis eugeniae (Lynch and Duellman, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis euphronides (Schwartz, 1967)  
                                     Species Pristimantis eurydactylus (Hedges and Schlüter, 1992)  
                                     Species Pristimantis exoristus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis factiosus (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis fallax (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis fasciatus Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic and Infante-Rivero, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis fenestratus (Steindachner, 1864)  
                                     Species Pristimantis festae (Peracca, 1904)  
                                     Species Pristimantis fetosus (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis flabellidiscus (La Marca, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis flavobracatus (Lehr, Lundberg, Aguilar and von May, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis floridus (Lynch and Duellman, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis frater (Werner, 1899)  
                                     Species Pristimantis fraudator (Lynch and McDiarmid, 1987)  
                                     Species Pristimantis gagliardoi Bustamante and Mendelson, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis gaigei (Dunn, 1931)  
                                     Species Pristimantis galdi Jiménez de la Espada, 1870  
                                     Species Pristimantis ganonotus (Duellman and Lynch, 1988)  
                                     Species Pristimantis gentryi (Lynch and Duellman, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ginesi (Rivero, 1964)  
                                     Species Pristimantis gladiator (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis glandulosus (Boulenger, 1880)  
                                     Species Pristimantis gracilis (Lynch, 1986)  
                                     Species Pristimantis grandiceps (Lynch, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis guaiquinimensis (Schlüter and Rödder, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis gutturalis (Hoogmoed, Lynch and Lescure, 1977)  
                                     Species Pristimantis hamiotae (Flores, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis hectus (Lynch and Burrowes, 1990)  
                                     Species Pristimantis helvolus (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis hernandezi (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1983)  
                                     Species Pristimantis huicundo (Guayasamin, Almeida-Reinoso and Nogales-Sornosa, 2004)  
                                     Species Pristimantis hybotragus (Lynch, 1992)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ignicolor (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis illotus (Lynch and Duellman, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis imitatrix (Duellman, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis incanus (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis incertus (Lutz, 1927)  
                                     Species Pristimantis incomptus (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis infraguttatus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis inguinalis (Parker, 1940)  
                                     Species Pristimantis insignitus (Ruthven, 1917)  
                                     Species Pristimantis inusitatus (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ixalus (Lynch, 2003)  
                                     Species Pristimantis jabonensis (La Marca, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis jaimei (Lynch, 1992)  
                                     Species Pristimantis jester Means and Savage, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis johannesdei (Rivero and Serna, 1988)  
                                     Species Pristimantis jorgevelosai (Lynch, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis juanchoi (Lynch, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis jubatus (García and Lynch, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis kareliae (La Marca, 2005)  
                                     Species Pristimantis katoptroides (Flores, 1988)  
                                     Species Pristimantis kelephas (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis kichwarum Elmer and Cannatella, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis kirklandi (Flores, 1985)  
                                     Species Pristimantis koehleri Padial and De la Riva, 2009  
                                     Species Pristimantis labiosus (Lynch, Ruiz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lacrimosus (Jiménez de la Espada, 1875)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lancinii (Donoso-Barros, 1965)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lanthanites (Lynch, 1975)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lasalleorum (Lynch, 1995)  
                                     Species Pristimantis laticlavius (Lynch and Burrowes, 1990)  
                                     Species Pristimantis latidiscus (Boulenger, 1898)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lemur (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lentiginosus (Rivero, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis leoni (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis leptolophus (Lynch, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis leucopus (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis leucorrhinus Boano, Mazzotti and Sindaco, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis librarius (Flores and Vigle, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lichenoides (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lindae (Duellman, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lirellus (Dwyer, 1995)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lividus (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis llojsintuta (Köhler and Lötters, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis loustes (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lucasi Duellman and Chaparro, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis luscombei (Duellman and Mendelson, 1995)  
                                     Species Pristimantis luteolateralis (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lutitus (Lynch, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lymani (Barbour and Noble, 1920)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lynchi (Duellman and Simmons, 1977)  
                                     Species Pristimantis lythrodes (Lynch and Lescure, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis maculosus (Lynch, 1991)  
                                     Species Pristimantis malkini (Lynch, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis marahuaka (Fuentes-Ramos and Barrio-Amorós, 2004)  
                                     Species Pristimantis marmoratus (Boulenger, 1900)  
                                     Species Pristimantis mars (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis martiae (Lynch, 1974)  
                                     Species Pristimantis medemi (Lynch, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis megalops (Ruthven, 1917)  
                                     Species Pristimantis melanogaster (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis melanoproctus (Rivero, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis memorans (Myers and Donnelly, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis mendax (Duellman, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis mercedesae (Lynch and McDiarmid, 1987)  
                                     Species Pristimantis meridionalis (Lehr and Duellman, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis merostictus (Lynch, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis metabates (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis minutulus Duellman and Hedges, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis miyatai (Lynch, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis mnionaetes (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis modipeplus (Lynch, 1981)  
                                     Species Pristimantis molybrignus (Lynch, 1986)  
                                     Species Pristimantis mondolfii (Rivero, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis moro (Savage, 1965)  
                                     Species Pristimantis muricatus (Lynch and Miyata, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis muscosus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis museosus (Ibáńez, Jaramillo and Arosemena, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis myersi (Goin and Cochran, 1963)  
                                     Species Pristimantis myops (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis nephophilus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis nervicus (Lynch, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis nicefori (Cochran and Goin, 1970)  
                                     Species Pristimantis nigrogriseus (Andersson, 1945)  
                                     Species Pristimantis nyctophylax (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis obmutescens (Lynch, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ocellatus (Lynch and Burrowes, 1990)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ockendeni (Boulenger, 1912)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ocreatus (Lynch, 1981)  
                                     Species Pristimantis olivaceus (Köhler, Morales, Lötters, Reichle and Aparicio, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis orcesi (Lynch, 1972)  
                                     Species Pristimantis orestes (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ornatissimus (Despax, 1911)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ornatus (Lehr, Lundberg, Aguilar and von May, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis orpacobates (Lynch, Ruiz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis orphnolaimus (Lynch, 1970)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ortizi (Guayasamin, Almeida-Reinoso and Nogales-Sornosa, 2004)  
                                     Species Pristimantis padrecarlosi (Mueses-Cisneros, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis paisa (Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis palmeri (Boulenger, 1912)  
                                     Species Pristimantis paramerus (Rivero, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pardalinus (Lehr, Lundberg, Aguilar and von May, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pardalis (Barbour, 1928)  
                                     Species Pristimantis parectatus (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis parvillus (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pastazensis (Andersson, 1945)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pataikos (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis paululus (Lynch, 1974)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pecki (Duellman and Lynch, 1988)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pedimontanus (La Marca, 2004)  
                                     Species Pristimantis penelopus (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis peraticus (Lynch, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis percnopterus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis percultus (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis permixtus (Lynch, Ruiz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1994)  
                                     Species Pristimantis peruvianus (Melin, 1941)  
                                     Species Pristimantis petersi (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis petrobardus (Duellman, 1991)  
                                     Species Pristimantis phalaroinguinis (Duellman and Lehr, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis phalarus (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis philipi (Lynch and Duellman, 1995)  
                                     Species Pristimantis phoxocephalus (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis phragmipleuron (Rivero and Serna, 1988)  
                                     Species Pristimantis piceus (Lynch, Ruiz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pinguis (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pirrensis (Ibáńez and Crawford, 2004)  
                                     Species Pristimantis platychilus (Lynch, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis platydactylus (Boulenger, 1903)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pleurostriatus (Rivero, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pluvicanorus (De la Riva and Lynch, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis polemistes (Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 2004)  
                                     Species Pristimantis polychrus (Ruiz-Carranza, Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis prolatus (Lynch and Duellman, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis prolixodiscus (Lynch, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis proserpens (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pruinatus (Myers and Donnelly, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pseudoacuminatus (Shreve, 1935)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pteridophilus (Lynch and Duellman, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ptochus (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pugnax (Lynch, 1973)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pulvinatus (Rivero, 1968)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pycnodermis (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis pyrrhomerus (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis quantus (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis quaquaversus (Lynch, 1974)  
                                     Species Pristimantis quinquagesimus (Lynch and Trueb, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis racemus (Lynch, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis reclusas (Lynch, 2003)  
                                     Species Pristimantis reichlei Padial and De la Riva, 2009  
                                     Species Pristimantis renjiforum (Lynch, 2000)  
                                     Species Pristimantis repens (Lynch, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis restrepoi (Lynch, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis reticulatus (Walker and Test, 1955)  
                                     Species Pristimantis rhabdocnemus (Duellman and Hedges, 2005)  
                                     Species Pristimantis rhabdolaemus (Duellman, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis rhigophilus (La Marca, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis rhodoplichus (Duellman and Wild, 1993)  
                                     Species Pristimantis rhodostichus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ridens (Cope, 1866)  
                                     Species Pristimantis riveroi (Lynch and La Marca, 1993)  
                                     Species Pristimantis riveti (Despax, 1911)  
                                     Species Pristimantis rosadoi (Flores, 1988)  
                                     Species Pristimantis roseus (Boulenger, 1918)  
                                     Species Pristimantis royi (Morales, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis rozei (Rivero, 1961)  
                                     Species Pristimantis rubicundus (Jiménez de la Espada, 1875)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ruedai (Ruiz-Carranza, Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis rufioculis (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ruidus (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ruthveni (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1985)  
                                     Species Pristimantis sagittulus (Lehr, Aguilar and Duellman, 2004)  
                                     Species Pristimantis salaputium (Duellman, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis saltissimus Means and Savage, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis samaipatae (Köhler and Jungfer, 1995)  
                                     Species Pristimantis sanctaemartae (Ruthven, 1917)  
                                     Species Pristimantis sanguineus (Lynch, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis sarisarinama Barrio-Amoros and Brewer-Carias, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis satagius (Lynch, 1995)  
                                     Species Pristimantis savagei (Pyburn and Lynch, 1981)  
                                     Species Pristimantis schultei (Duellman, 1990)  
                                     Species Pristimantis scitulus (Duellman, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis scoloblepharus (Lynch, 1991)  
                                     Species Pristimantis scolodiscus (Lynch and Burrowes, 1990)  
                                     Species Pristimantis scopaeus (Lynch, Ruiz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis seorsus Lehr, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis serendipitus (Duellman and Pramuk, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis shrevei (Schwartz, 1967)  
                                     Species Pristimantis signifer (Ruiz-Carranza, Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis silverstonei (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis simonbolivari (Wiens and Coloma, 1992)  
                                     Species Pristimantis simonsii (Boulenger, 1900)  
                                     Species Pristimantis simoteriscus (Lynch, Ruiz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis simoterus (Lynch, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis siopelus (Lynch and Burrowes, 1990)  
                                     Species Pristimantis skydmainos (Flores and Rodriguez, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis sobetes (Lynch, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis spectabilis Duellman and Chaparro, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis spilogaster (Lynch, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis spinosus (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis stegolepis (Schlüter and Rödder, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis stenodiscus (Walker and Test, 1955)  
                                     Species Pristimantis sternothylax (Duellman and Wild, 1993)  
                                     Species Pristimantis stictoboubonus (Duellman, Lehr and Venegas, 2006)  
                                     Species Pristimantis stictogaster (Duellman and Hedges, 2005)  
                                     Species Pristimantis subsigillatus (Boulenger, 1902)  
                                     Species Pristimantis suetus (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis sulculus (Lynch and Burrowes, 1990)  
                                     Species Pristimantis supernatis (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis surdus (Boulenger, 1882)  
                                     Species Pristimantis susaguae (Rueda-Almonacid, Lynch and Galvis-Peńuela, 2003)  
                                     Species Pristimantis taciturnus (Lynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2003)  
                                     Species Pristimantis taeniatus (Boulenger, 1912)  
                                     Species Pristimantis tamsitti (Cochran and Goin, 1970)  
                                     Species Pristimantis tantanti (Lehr, Torres-Gastello and Suárez-Segovia, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis tanyrhynchus Lehr, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis tayrona (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1985)  
                                     Species Pristimantis telefericus (La Marca, 2005)  
                                     Species Pristimantis tenebrionis (Lynch and Miyata, 1980)  
                                     Species Pristimantis tepuiensis (Schlüter and Rödder, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis terraebolivaris (Rivero, 1961)  
                                     Species Pristimantis thectopternus (Lynch, 1975)  
                                     Species Pristimantis thyellus (La Marca, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis thymalopsoides (Lynch, 1976)  
                                     Species Pristimantis thymelensis (Lynch, 1972)  
                                     Species Pristimantis toftae (Duellman, 1978)  
                                     Species Pristimantis torrenticola (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1998)  
                                     Species Pristimantis trachyblepharis (Boulenger, 1918)  
                                     Species Pristimantis tribulosus (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis truebae (Lynch and Duellman, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis tubernasus (Rivero, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis turik Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic and Infante-Rivero, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis turpinorum (Hardy, 2001)  
                                     Species Pristimantis turumiquirensis (Rivero, 1961)  
                                     Species Pristimantis uisae (Lynch, 2003)  
                                     Species Pristimantis unistrigatus (Günther, 1859)  
                                     Species Pristimantis uranobates (Lynch, 1991)  
                                     Species Pristimantis urichi (Boettger in Mole and Urich, 1894)  
                                     Species Pristimantis vanadise (La Marca, 1984)  
                                     Species Pristimantis variabilis (Lynch, 1968)  
                                     Species Pristimantis veletis (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis ventriguttatus Lehr and Köhler, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis ventrimarmoratus (Boulenger, 1912)  
                                     Species Pristimantis verecundus (Lynch and Burrowes, 1990)  
                                     Species Pristimantis vermiculatus (Duellman and Lehr, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis versicolor (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis vertebralis (Boulenger, 1886)  
                                     Species Pristimantis vicarius (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1983)  
                                     Species Pristimantis vidua (Lynch, 1979)  
                                     Species Pristimantis viejas (Lynch and Rueda-Almonacid, 1999)  
                                     Species Pristimantis vilarsi (Melin, 1941)  
                                     Species Pristimantis vilcabambae Lehr, 2007  
                                     Species Pristimantis viridicans (Lynch, 1977)  
                                     Species Pristimantis viridis (Ruiz-Carranza, Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 1997)  
                                     Species Pristimantis w-nigrum (Boettger, 1892)  
                                     Species Pristimantis wagteri (Venegas, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis walkeri (Lynch, 1974)  
                                     Species Pristimantis waoranii (McCracken, Forstner and Dixon, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis wiensi (Duellman and Wild, 1993)  
                                     Species Pristimantis xeniolum (Lynch, 2001)  
                                     Species Pristimantis xestus (Lynch, 1995)  
                                     Species Pristimantis xylochobates (Lynch and Ruiz-Carranza, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis yaviensis (Myers and Donnelly, 1996)  
                                     Species Pristimantis yukpa Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic and Infante-Rivero, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis yuruaniensis Rödder and Jungfer, 2008  
                                     Species Pristimantis yustizi (Barrio-Amorós and Chacón-Ortiz, 2004)  
                                     Species Pristimantis zeuctotylus (Lynch and Hoogmoed, 1977)  
                                     Species Pristimantis zimmermanae (Heyer and Hardy, 1991)  
                                     Species Pristimantis zoilae (Mueses-Cisneros, 2007)  
                                     Species Pristimantis zophus (Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 1999)  
       

 References
       
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  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3, database (version 5.3)  
  Acquired: 2009   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2009. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.3 (12 February, 2009). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/ American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA   
  Reference for: Pristimantis   
       
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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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