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Taxonomic Serial No.: 173423

(Download Help) Anura TSN 173423

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Order  
  Synonym(s): Rana cordofana (Steindachner, 1867)
  Common Name(s): Frogs [English]
    perereca [Portuguese]
    rã [Portuguese]
    sapo [Portuguese]
    crapauds [French]
    grenouilles [French]
    Toads [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2013   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassAmphibia  – amphibiens, anfíbio, Amphibians  
                         OrderAnura  – Frogs, perereca, rã, sapo, crapauds, grenouilles, Toads  
    Direct Children:  
                            Family Alytidae Fitzinger, 1843  
                            Family Aromobatidae Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel and Wheeler, 2006  
                            Family Arthroleptidae Mivart, 1869  
                            Family Bombinatoridae Gray, 1825  
                            Family Brachycephalidae Günther, 1858 – Shield Toads 
                            Family Brevicipitidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Bufonidae Gray, 1825 – Bufonids, bufonidés, crapauds, Toads 
                            Family Calyptocephalellidae Reig, 1960  
                            Family Centrolenidae Taylor, 1951 – Glass Frogs, Leaf Frogs 
                            Family Ceratobatrachidae Boulenger, 1884  
                            Family Ceratophryidae Tschudi, 1838  
                            Family Craugastoridae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008  
                            Family Cycloramphidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Dendrobatidae Cope, 1865 – Dendrobatids, Poison Frogs, Poison-dart Frogs, Dart-poison Frogs, Dendrobatid Frogs 
                            Family Dicroglossidae Anderson, 1871  
                            Family Eleutherodactylidae Lutz, 1954  
                            Family Heleophrynidae Noble, 1931 – Ghost Frogs 
                            Family Hemiphractidae Peters, 1862  
                            Family Hemisotidae Cope, 1867  
                            Family Hylidae Rafinesque, 1815 – Hylids, New World Tree Frogs, Treefrogs, hylidés, hylidés arboricoles, Hylid Frogs 
                            Family Hylodidae Günther, 1858  
                            Family Hyperoliidae Laurent, 1943 – African Reed Frogs 
                            Family Leiopelmatidae Mivart, 1869 – Leiopelmatids, Ribbed Frogs, Tailed Frogs 
                            Family Leiuperidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Leptodactylidae Werner, 1896 – Leptodactylids, Neotropical Frogs, grenouilles néotropicales, Leptodactylid Frogs 
                            Family Limnodynastidae Lynch, 1969  
                            Family Mantellidae Laurent, 1946  
                            Family Megophryidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Micrixalidae Dubois, Ohler and Biju, 2001  
                            Family Microhylidae Günther, 1858 – Microhylids, Microhylid Frogs 
                            Family Myobatrachidae Schlegel in Gray, 1850 – Australian Frogs 
                            Family Nasikabatrachidae Biju and Bossuyt, 2003  
                            Family Nyctibatrachidae Blommers-Schlösser, 1993  
                            Family Pelobatidae Bonaparte, 1850 – Archaic Frogs, Pelobatids, Spadefoots 
                            Family Pelodytidae Bonaparte, 1850 – European Spadefoot Toads 
                            Family Petropedetidae Noble, 1931  
                            Family Phrynobatrachidae Laurent, 1941  
                            Family Pipidae Gray, 1825 – Tongueless Frogs 
                            Family Ptychadenidae Dubois, 1987  
                            Family Pyxicephalidae Bonaparte, 1850  
                            Family Ranidae Rafinesque, 1814 – Ranids, Riparian Frogs, Ranid Frogs, True Frogs 
                            Family Ranixalidae Dubois, 1987  
                            Family Rhacophoridae Hoffman, 1932 – Old World Tree Frogs 
                            Family Rhinophrynidae Günther, 1859 – Burrowing Toads 
                            Family Scaphiopodidae Cope, 1865  
                            Family Sooglossidae Noble, 1931 – Seychelle Frogs 
                            Family Strabomantidae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008  
                          OrderAnura  incertae sedis  
    Children with Uncertain Position:  
                            Species Phrynocerus testudiniceps Cope, 1862  
                            Species Zachaenus roseus Cope, 1890  

  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Anura    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: crapauds[French], grenouilles [French]   
  Source: CRIA-Brazil, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: perereca[Portuguese], rã [Portuguese], sapo [Portuguese]   
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: An online reference, website (version 2.20)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2000. Amphibian Species of the World: An online reference. V2.20 (1 September 2000) (   
  Reference for: Anura   
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3, database (version 5.3)  
  Acquired: 2009   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2009. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.3 (12 February, 2009). Electronic Database accessible at American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA   
  Reference for: Anura   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Anura   
  Source: ITIS & Species 2000 Catalogue of Life Management Hierarchy, document (version Animalia)  
  Acquired: 2013   
  Notes: M. Ruggiero & D. Gordon, eds. 2013. Consensus Management Hierarchy for the ITIS & Species2000 Catalogue of Life. Contributors: Nicolas Bailly, Thierry Bourgoin, Richard Brusca, Thomas Cavalier-Smith, Daphne Fautin, Dennis Gordon, Gerald Guala, Michael Guiry, Paul Kirk, Elliot Lefkowitz, David Mabberly, David Maddison, Alan Paton, Michael Ruggiero, Peter Stevens, and Brian Tyndall   
  Reference for: Anura   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Anura   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Anura, Frogs [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Anura   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Reference for: Anura   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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