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Tetragnatha  Latreille, 1804
Taxonomic Serial No.: 849511

(Download Help) Tetragnatha TSN 849511

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): longjawed orbweavers [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2011   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomProtostomia   
          SuperphylumEcdysozoa   
             PhylumArthropoda  – Artrópode, arthropodes, arthropods  
                SubphylumChelicerata  – cheliceriformes, quelicerado, queliceriforme  
                   ClassEuchelicerata   
                      SubclassArachnida  – araignées, aracnídeo, arachnids, arácnidos  
                         OrderAraneae  – spiders, aranhas, araignées, arañas  
                            FamilyTetragnathidae Menge, 1866 – longjawed orbweavers  
                               GenusTetragnatha Latreille, 1804 – longjawed orbweavers  
    Direct Children:  
                                  Species Tetragnatha acuta Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha aenea Cantor, 1842  
                                  Species Tetragnatha aetherea (Simon, 1894)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha albida Gillespie, 1994  
                                  Species Tetragnatha americana Simon, 1905  
                                  Species Tetragnatha amoena Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha anamitica Walckenaer, 1841  
                                  Species Tetragnatha andamanensis Tikader, 1977  
                                  Species Tetragnatha andonea Lawrence, 1927  
                                  Species Tetragnatha angolaensis Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988  
                                  Species Tetragnatha anguilla Thorell, 1877  
                                  Species Tetragnatha angulata Hogg, 1914  
                                  Species Tetragnatha anuenue Gillespie, 2002  
                                  Species Tetragnatha argentinensis Mello-Leitao, 1931  
                                  Species Tetragnatha argyroides Mello-Leitao, 1945  
                                  Species Tetragnatha armata Karsch, 1891  
                                  Species Tetragnatha atriceps Banks, 1898  
                                  Species Tetragnatha atristernis Strand, 1913  
                                  Species Tetragnatha australis (Mello-Leitao, 1945)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha baculiferens Hingston, 1927  
                                  Species Tetragnatha beccarii Caporiacco, 1947  
                                  Species Tetragnatha bemalcuei Mello-Leitao, 1939  
                                  Species Tetragnatha bengalensis Walckenaer, 1841  
                                  Species Tetragnatha bicolor White, 1841  
                                  Species Tetragnatha bidentata Roewer, 1951  
                                  Species Tetragnatha biseriata Thorell, 1881  
                                  Species Tetragnatha bishopi Caporiacco, 1947  
                                  Species Tetragnatha bituberculata L. Koch, 1867  
                                  Species Tetragnatha boeleni Chrysanthus, 1975  
                                  Species Tetragnatha bogotensis Keyserling, 1865  
                                  Species Tetragnatha boninensis Okuma, 1981  
                                  Species Tetragnatha boydi O. P.-Cambridge, 1898  
                                  Species Tetragnatha brachychelis Caporiacco, 1947  
                                  Species Tetragnatha branda Levi, 1981  
                                  Species Tetragnatha brevignatha Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha bryantae Roewer, 1951  
                                  Species Tetragnatha caffra (Strand, 1909)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cambridgei Roewer, 1942  
                                  Species Tetragnatha caporiaccoi Platnick, 1993  
                                  Species Tetragnatha caudata Emerton, 1884  
                                  Species Tetragnatha caudicula (Karsch, 1879)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha caudifera (Keyserling, 1887)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cavaleriei Schenkel, 1963  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cephalothoracis Strand, 1906  
                                  Species Tetragnatha ceylonica O. P.-Cambridge, 1869  
                                  Species Tetragnatha chamberlini (Gajbe, 2004)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha chauliodus (Thorell, 1890)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cheni Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha chinensis (Chamberlin, 1924)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha chrysochlora (Audouin, 1826)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cladognatha Bertkau, 1880  
                                  Species Tetragnatha clavigera Simon, 1887  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cochinensis Gravely, 1921  
                                  Species Tetragnatha coelestis Pocock, 1901  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cognata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889  
                                  Species Tetragnatha confraterna Banks, 1909  
                                  Species Tetragnatha conica Grube, 1861  
                                  Species Tetragnatha crassichelata Chrysanthus, 1975  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cuneiventris Simon, 1900  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cylindracea (Keyserling, 1887)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cylindrica Walckenaer, 1841  
                                  Species Tetragnatha cylindriformis Lawrence, 1952  
                                  Species Tetragnatha dearmata Thorell, 1873  
                                  Species Tetragnatha decipiens Badcock, 1932  
                                  Species Tetragnatha delumbis Thorell, 1891  
                                  Species Tetragnatha demissa L. Koch, 1872  
                                  Species Tetragnatha dentatidens Simon, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha desaguni Barrion & Litsinger, 1995  
                                  Species Tetragnatha determinata Karsch, 1891  
                                  Species Tetragnatha digitata O. P.-Cambridge, 1899  
                                  Species Tetragnatha eberhardi Okuma, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha elongata Walckenaer, 1841  
                                  Species Tetragnatha elyunquensis Petrunkevitch, 1930  
                                  Species Tetragnatha esakii Okuma, 1988  
                                  Species Tetragnatha ethodon Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936  
                                  Species Tetragnatha eumorpha Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha eurychasma Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha exigua Chickering, 1957  
                                  Species Tetragnatha exilima (Mello-Leitao, 1943)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha exquista Saito, 1933  
                                  Species Tetragnatha extensa (Linnaeus, 1758)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha fallax Thorell, 1881  
                                  Species Tetragnatha farri Chickering, 1962  
                                  Species Tetragnatha filiciphilia Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha filiformata Roewer, 1942  
                                  Species Tetragnatha filigastra Mello-Leitao, 1943  
                                  Species Tetragnatha filipes Schenkel, 1936  
                                  Species Tetragnatha filum Simon, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha flagellans Hasselt, 1882  
                                  Species Tetragnatha flava (Audouin, 1826)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha flavida Urquhart, 1891  
                                  Species Tetragnatha fletcheri Gravely, 1921  
                                  Species Tetragnatha foai Simon, 1902  
                                  Species Tetragnatha foliferens Hingston, 1927  
                                  Species Tetragnatha foveata Karsch, 1891  
                                  Species Tetragnatha fragilis Chickering, 1957  
                                  Species Tetragnatha franganilloi Brignoli, 1983  
                                  Species Tetragnatha friedericii Strand, 1913  
                                  Species Tetragnatha fuerteventurensis Wunderlich, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha gemmata L. Koch, 1872  
                                  Species Tetragnatha geniculata Karsch, 1891  
                                  Species Tetragnatha gertschi Chickering, 1957  
                                  Species Tetragnatha gibbula Roewer, 1942  
                                  Species Tetragnatha gongshan Zhao & Peng, 2010  
                                  Species Tetragnatha gracilis (Bryant, 1923)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha gracillima (Thorell, 1890)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha granti Pocock, 1903  
                                  Species Tetragnatha gressitti Okuma, 1988  
                                  Species Tetragnatha gressittorum Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha guatemalensis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889  
                                  Species Tetragnatha gui Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha hamata Thorell, 1898  
                                  Species Tetragnatha hasselti Thorell, 1890  
                                  Species Tetragnatha hastula Simon, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha hawaiensis Simon, 1900  
                                  Species Tetragnatha hirashimai Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha hiroshii Okuma, 1988  
                                  Species Tetragnatha hulli Caporiacco, 1955  
                                  Species Tetragnatha insularis Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha insulata Hogg, 1913  
                                  Species Tetragnatha insulicola Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha iriomotensis Okuma, 1991  
                                  Species Tetragnatha irridescens Stoliczka, 1869  
                                  Species Tetragnatha isidis (Simon, 1880)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha iwahigensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995  
                                  Species Tetragnatha jaculator Tullgren, 1910  
                                  Species Tetragnatha javana (Thorell, 1890)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha jejuna (Thorell, 1897)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha josephi Okuma, 1988  
                                  Species Tetragnatha jubensis Pavesi, 1895  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kamakou Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kapua Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kauaiensis Simon, 1900  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kea Gillespie, 1994  
                                  Species Tetragnatha keyserlingi Simon, 1890  
                                  Species Tetragnatha khanjahani Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1996  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kikokiko Gillespie, 2002  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kiwuana Strand, 1913  
                                  Species Tetragnatha klossi Hogg, 1919  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kochi Thorell, 1895  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kolosvaryi Caporiacco, 1949  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kukuhaa Gillespie, 2002  
                                  Species Tetragnatha kukuiki Gillespie, 2002  
                                  Species Tetragnatha labialis Nicolet, 1849  
                                  Species Tetragnatha laboriosa Hentz, 1850 – silver longjawed orbweaver 
                                  Species Tetragnatha lactescens (Mello-Leitao, 1947)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha laminalis Strand, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha lamperti Strand, 1906  
                                  Species Tetragnatha lancinans Kulczynski, 1911  
                                  Species Tetragnatha laqueata L. Koch, 1872  
                                  Species Tetragnatha latro Tullgren, 1910  
                                  Species Tetragnatha lauta Yaginuma, 1959  
                                  Species Tetragnatha lea Bösenberg & Strand, 1906  
                                  Species Tetragnatha lena Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha lepida Rainbow, 1916  
                                  Species Tetragnatha levii Okuma, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha lewisi Chickering, 1962  
                                  Species Tetragnatha limu Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha linearis Nicolet, 1849  
                                  Species Tetragnatha lineatula Roewer, 1942  
                                  Species Tetragnatha linyphioides Karsch, 1878  
                                  Species Tetragnatha llavaca Barrion & Litsinger, 1995  
                                  Species Tetragnatha longidens Mello-Leitao, 1945  
                                  Species Tetragnatha luculenta Simon, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha luteocincta Simon, 1908  
                                  Species Tetragnatha mabelae Chickering, 1957  
                                  Species Tetragnatha macilenta L. Koch, 1872  
                                  Species Tetragnatha macracantha Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha macrops Simon, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha maeandrata Simon, 1908  
                                  Species Tetragnatha major Holmberg, 1876  
                                  Species Tetragnatha maka Gillespie, 1994  
                                  Species Tetragnatha makiharai Okuma, 1977  
                                  Species Tetragnatha mandibulata Walckenaer, 1841  
                                  Species Tetragnatha maralba Roberts, 1983  
                                  Species Tetragnatha margaritata L. Koch, 1872  
                                  Species Tetragnatha marginata (Thorell, 1890)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha marquesiana Berland, 1935  
                                  Species Tetragnatha mawambina Strand, 1913  
                                  Species Tetragnatha maxillosa Thorell, 1895  
                                  Species Tetragnatha mengsongica Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha mertoni Strand, 1911  
                                  Species Tetragnatha mexicana Keyserling, 1865  
                                  Species Tetragnatha micrura Kulczynski, 1911  
                                  Species Tetragnatha minitabunda O. P.-Cambridge, 1872  
                                  Species Tetragnatha modica Kulczynski, 1911  
                                  Species Tetragnatha mohihi Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha montana Simon, 1874  
                                  Species Tetragnatha monticola Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha moua Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha moulmeinensis Gravely, 1921  
                                  Species Tetragnatha multipunctata Urquhart, 1891  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nana Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nandan Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha necatoria Tullgren, 1910  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nepaeformis Doleschall, 1859  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nero Butler, 1876  
                                  Species Tetragnatha netrix Simon, 1900  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nigricans Dalmas, 1917  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nigrigularis Simon, 1898  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nigrita Lendl, 1886  
                                  Species Tetragnatha niokolona Roewer, 1961  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nitens (Audouin, 1826)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nitidiuscula Simon, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nitidiventris Simon, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha notophilla Boeris, 1889  
                                  Species Tetragnatha noumeensis Berland, 1924  
                                  Species Tetragnatha novia Simon, 1901  
                                  Species Tetragnatha nubica Denis, 1955  
                                  Species Tetragnatha obscura Gillespie, 2002  
                                  Species Tetragnatha obscuriceps Caporiacco, 1940  
                                  Species Tetragnatha obtusa C. L. Koch, 1837  
                                  Species Tetragnatha oculata Denis, 1955  
                                  Species Tetragnatha okumae Barrion & Litsinger, 1995  
                                  Species Tetragnatha olindana Karsch, 1880  
                                  Species Tetragnatha oomua Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha oreobia Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha orizaba (Banks, 1898)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha oubatchensis Berland, 1924  
                                  Species Tetragnatha palikea Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha pallescens F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903  
                                  Species Tetragnatha pallida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889  
                                  Species Tetragnatha paludicola Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha paludis Caporiacco, 1940  
                                  Species Tetragnatha panopea L. Koch, 1872  
                                  Species Tetragnatha papuana Kulczynski, 1911  
                                  Species Tetragnatha paradisea Pocock, 1901  
                                  Species Tetragnatha paradoxa Okuma, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha paraguayensis (Mello-Leitao, 1939)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha parva Badcock, 1932  
                                  Species Tetragnatha parvula Thorell, 1891  
                                  Species Tetragnatha paschae Berland, 1924  
                                  Species Tetragnatha perkinsi Simon, 1900  
                                  Species Tetragnatha perreirai Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha peruviana Taczanowski, 1878  
                                  Species Tetragnatha petrunkevitchi Caporiacco, 1947  
                                  Species Tetragnatha phaeodactyla Kulczynski, 1911  
                                  Species Tetragnatha pilosa Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha pinicola L. Koch, 1870  
                                  Species Tetragnatha piscatoria Simon, 1897  
                                  Species Tetragnatha planata Karsch, 1891  
                                  Species Tetragnatha plena Chamberlin, 1924  
                                  Species Tetragnatha polychromata Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha praedonia L. Koch, 1878  
                                  Species Tetragnatha priamus Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha protensa Walckenaer, 1841  
                                  Species Tetragnatha puella Thorell, 1895  
                                  Species Tetragnatha pulchella Thorell, 1877  
                                  Species Tetragnatha punua Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha qiuae Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha quadrinotata Urquhart, 1893  
                                  Species Tetragnatha quasimodo Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha quechua Chamberlin, 1916  
                                  Species Tetragnatha radiata Chrysanthus, 1975  
                                  Species Tetragnatha ramboi Mello-Leitao, 1943  
                                  Species Tetragnatha rava Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha reimoseri (Rosca, 1939)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha reni Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha restricta Simon, 1900  
                                  Species Tetragnatha retinens Chamberlin, 1924  
                                  Species Tetragnatha rimandoi Barrion, 1998  
                                  Species Tetragnatha rimitarae Strand, 1911  
                                  Species Tetragnatha riparia Holmberg, 1876  
                                  Species Tetragnatha riveti Berland, 1913  
                                  Species Tetragnatha roeweri Caporiacco, 1949  
                                  Species Tetragnatha rossi Chrysanthus, 1975  
                                  Species Tetragnatha rouxi (Berland, 1924)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha rubriventris Doleschall, 1857  
                                  Species Tetragnatha scopus Chamberlin, 1916  
                                  Species Tetragnatha serra Doleschall, 1857  
                                  Species Tetragnatha shanghaiensis Strand, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha shinanoensis Okuma & Chikuni, 1978  
                                  Species Tetragnatha shoshone Levi, 1981  
                                  Species Tetragnatha sidama Caporiacco, 1940  
                                  Species Tetragnatha signata Okuma, 1987  
                                  Species Tetragnatha similis Nicolet, 1849  
                                  Species Tetragnatha simintina Roewer, 1961  
                                  Species Tetragnatha sinuosa Chickering, 1957  
                                  Species Tetragnatha sobrina Simon, 1900  
                                  Species Tetragnatha sociella Chamberlin, 1924  
                                  Species Tetragnatha squamata Karsch, 1879  
                                  Species Tetragnatha stelarobusta Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha stellarum Chrysanthus, 1975  
                                  Species Tetragnatha sternalis Nicolet, 1849  
                                  Species Tetragnatha stimulifera Simon, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha straminea Emerton, 1884  
                                  Species Tetragnatha strandi Lessert, 1915  
                                  Species Tetragnatha streichi Strand, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha striata L. Koch, 1862  
                                  Species Tetragnatha subclavigera Strand, 1907  
                                  Species Tetragnatha subesakii Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha subextensa Petrunkevitch, 1930  
                                  Species Tetragnatha subsquamata Okuma, 1985  
                                  Species Tetragnatha suoan Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha sutherlandi Gravely, 1921  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tahuata Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tanigawai Okuma, 1988  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tantalus Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha taylori O. P.-Cambridge, 1890  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tenera Thorell, 1881  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tenuis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tenuissima O. P.-Cambridge, 1889  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tincochacae Chamberlin, 1916  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tipula (Simon, 1894)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tonkina Simon, 1909  
                                  Species Tetragnatha torrensis Schmidt & Piepho, 1994  
                                  Species Tetragnatha trichodes Thorell, 1878  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tristani Banks, 1909  
                                  Species Tetragnatha trituberculata Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tropica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tuamoaa Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha tullgreni Lessert, 1915  
                                  Species Tetragnatha uluhe Gillespie, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha uncifera Simon, 1900  
                                  Species Tetragnatha unicornis Tullgren, 1910  
                                  Species Tetragnatha valida Keyserling, 1887  
                                  Species Tetragnatha vermiformis Emerton, 1884  
                                  Species Tetragnatha versicolor Walckenaer, 1841  
                                  Species Tetragnatha virescens Okuma, 1979  
                                  Species Tetragnatha viridis Walckenaer, 1841  
                                  Species Tetragnatha viridorufa Gravely, 1921  
                                  Species Tetragnatha visenda Chickering, 1957  
                                  Species Tetragnatha waikamoi Gillespie, 1992  
                                  Species Tetragnatha yalom Chrysanthus, 1975  
                                  Species Tetragnatha yesoensis Saito, 1934  
                                  Species Tetragnatha yinae Zhao & Peng, 2010  
                                  Species Tetragnatha yongquiang Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha zangherii (Caporiacco, 1926)  
                                  Species Tetragnatha zhangfu Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha zhaoi Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
                                  Species Tetragnatha zhaoya Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: World Spider Catalog, Version 11.0, website (version 11.0)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Platnick, Norman I. 2011. The World Spider Catalog, v.11.0. American Museum of Natural History. Database built by Robert J. Raven from the files underlying the website at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/ DOI: 10.5531/db.iz.0001   
  Reference for: Tetragnatha   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Breene, R. G., D. Allen Dean, G. B. Edwards, Blain Hebert, Herbert W. Levi, Gail Manning, et al.  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Arachnids, Fifth Edition   
  Page(s): 42   
  Publisher: American Tarantula Society   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-929427-11-5   
  Notes: The American Arachnological Society Committee on Common Names of Arachnids. Available online at http://atshq.org/downloads.php   
  Reference for: Tetragnatha, longjawed orbweavers [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar