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Araneae 
Taxonomic Serial No.: 82732

(Download Help) Araneae TSN 82732

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Order  
  Synonym(s): Orthognata
 
    Mesothelae
 
    Opisthothelae
 
    Labidognatha
 
    Hypochiloidea
 
    Neocribellatae
 
    Ecribellatae
 
    Haplogynae
 
  Common Name(s): spiders [English]
 
    aranhas [Portuguese]
 
    araignées [French]
 
    arañas [Spanish]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2019   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomProtostomia   
          SuperphylumEcdysozoa   
             PhylumArthropoda  – Artrópode, arthropodes, arthropods  
                SubphylumChelicerata  – cheliceriformes, quelicerado, queliceriforme  
                   ClassEuchelicerata   
                      SubclassArachnida   
                         OrderAraneae  – spiders, aranhas, araignées, arañas  
    Direct Children:  
                            Family Actinopodidae Simon, 1892 – mouse spiders 
                            Family Agelenidae C. L. Koch, 1837 – funnel weavers 
                            Family Amaurobiidae Thorell, 1870 – hackledmesh weavers 
                            Family Ammoxenidae Simon, 1893 – ammoxenid spiders 
                            Family Amphinectidae Forster & Wilton, 1973 – amphinectid spiders 
                            Family Anapidae Simon, 1895 – anapid spiders 
                            Family Antrodiaetidae Gertsch, in Comstock, 1940 – foldingdoor spiders 
                            Family Anyphaenidae Bertkau, 1878 – ghost spiders 
                            Family Araneidae Clerck, 1757 – orbweavers 
                            Family Archaeidae Koch & Berendt, 1854 – archaeid spiders 
                            Family Atypidae Thorell, 1870 – purseweb spiders 
                            Family Austrochilidae Zapfe, 1955 – austrochilid spiders 
                            Family Barychelidae Simon, 1889 – brushfooted trapdoor spiders 
                            Family Caponiidae Simon, 1890 – caponiid spiders 
                            Family Chummidae Jocqué, 2001 – chummid spiders 
                            Family Cithaeronidae Simon, 1893 – cithaeronid spiders 
                            Family Clubionidae Wagner, 1887 – sac spiders 
                            Family Corinnidae Karsch, 1880 – antmimic spiders 
                            Family Ctenidae Keyserling, 1877 – wandering spiders 
                            Family Ctenizidae Thorell, 1887 – trapdoor spiders 
                            Family Cyatholipidae Simon, 1894 – cyatholipid spiders 
                            Family Cybaeidae Banks, 1892 – water spiders 
                            Family Cycloctenidae Simon, 1898 – scuttling spiders 
                            Family Cyrtaucheniidae Simon, 1889 – cyrtaucheiid spiders 
                            Family Deinopidae C. L. Koch, 1850 – ogrefaced spiders 
                            Family Desidae Pocock, 1895 – desid spiders 
                            Family Dictynidae O. P.-Cambridge, 1871 – meshweavers 
                            Family Diguetidae F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899 – desertshrub spiders 
                            Family Dipluridae Simon, 1889 – funnelweb spiders 
                            Family Drymusidae Simon, 1893 – drymusid spiders 
                            Family Dysderidae C. L. Koch, 1837 – dysderid spiders 
                            Family Eresidae C. L. Koch, 1850 – eresid spiders 
                            Family Filistatidae Ausserer, 1867 – crevice weavers 
                            Family Gallieniellidae Millot, 1947 – gallieniellid spiders 
                            Family Gnaphosidae Pocock, 1898 – stealthy ground spiders 
                            Family Gradungulidae Forster, 1955 – gradungulid spiders 
                            Family Hahniidae Bertkau, 1878 – hahniid spiders 
                            Family Hersiliidae Thorell, 1870 – longspinneret spiders 
                            Family Hexathelidae Simon, 1892 – Australian funnelweb spiders 
                            Family Holarchaeidae Forster & Platnick, 1984 – holarchaeid spiders 
                            Family Homalonychidae Simon, 1893 – dusty desert spiders 
                            Family Huttoniidae Simon, 1893 – huttoniid spiders 
                            Family Hypochilidae Marx, 1888 – lampshade weavers 
                            Family Idiopidae Simon, 1889 – armored trapdoor spiders 
                            Family Lamponidae Simon, 1893 – whitetailed spiders 
                            Family Leptonetidae Simon, 1890 – cave spiders 
                            Family Linyphiidae Blackwall, 1859 – dwarf weavers, sheetweb weavers 
                            Family Liocranidae Simon, 1897 – liocranid spiders 
                            Family Liphistiidae Thorell, 1869 – segmented trapdoor spiders 
                            Family Lycosidae Sundevall, 1833 – wolf spiders 
                            Family Malkaridae Davies, 1980 – shield spiders 
                            Family Mecicobothriidae Holmberg, 1882 – mecicobothriid spiders 
                            Family Mecysmaucheniidae Simon, 1895 – mecysmaucheniid spiders 
                            Family Micropholcommatidae Hickman, 1944 – micropholcommatid spiders 
                            Family Microstigmatidae Roewer, 1942 – microstigmatid spiders 
                            Family Migidae Simon, 1889 – tree trapdoor spiders 
                            Family Mimetidae Simon, 1881 – pirate spiders 
                            Family Miturgidae Simon, 1886 – prowling spiders 
                            Family Mysmenidae Petrunkevitch, 1928 – dwarf cobweb weavers 
                            Family Nemesiidae Simon, 1889 – wishbone spiders, tubetrapdoor spiders 
                            Family Nephilidae Simon, 1894  
                            Family Nesticidae Simon, 1894 – cave cobweb spiders 
                            Family Nicodamidae Simon, 1897 – nicodamid spiders 
                            Family Ochyroceratidae Fage, 1912 – ochyroceratid spiders 
                            Family Oecobiidae Blackwall, 1862 – flatmesh weavers 
                            Family Oonopidae Simon, 1890 – dwarf sixeyed spiders 
                            Family Orsolobidae Cooke, 1965 – orsolobid spiders 
                            Family Oxyopidae Thorell, 1870 – lynx spiders 
                            Family Palpimanidae Thorell, 1870 – palpimanid spiders 
                            Family Pararchaeidae Forster & Platnick, 1984 – pararchaeid spiders 
                            Family Paratropididae Simon, 1889 – baldlegged spiders 
                            Family Periegopidae Simon, 1893 – periegopid spiders 
                            Family Philodromidae Thorell, 1870 – running crab spiders 
                            Family Pholcidae C. L. Koch, 1850 – daddylongleg spiders, cellar spiders 
                            Family Phyxelididae Lehtinen, 1967 – phyxelidid spiders 
                            Family Pimoidae Wunderlich, 1986 – pimoid spiders 
                            Family Pisauridae Simon, 1890 – nursery web spiders 
                            Family Plectreuridae Simon, 1893 – plectreurid spiders 
                            Family Prodidomidae Simon, 1884 – prodidomid spiders 
                            Family Psechridae Simon, 1890 – psechrid spiders 
                            Family Salticidae Blackwall, 1841 – jumping spiders 
                            Family Scytodidae Blackwall, 1864 – spitting spiders 
                            Family Segestriidae Simon, 1893 – tunnel spiders 
                            Family Selenopidae Simon, 1897 – selenopid crab spiders 
                            Family Senoculidae Simon, 1890 – senoculid spiders 
                            Family Sicariidae Keyserling, 1880 – sixeyed sicariid spiders 
                            Family Sinopimoidae Li & Wunderlich, 2008  
                            Family Sparassidae Bertkau, 1872 – giant crab spiders 
                            Family Stenochilidae Thorell, 1873 – stenochilid spiders 
                            Family Stiphidiidae Dalmas, 1917 – stiphidiid spiders 
                            Family Symphytognathidae Hickman, 1931 – dwarf orbweavers 
                            Family Synaphridae Wunderlich, 1986  
                            Family Synotaxidae Simon, 1894 – synotaxid spiders 
                            Family Telemidae Fage, 1913 – telemid spiders 
                            Family Tengellidae Dahl, 1908 – tengellid spiders 
                            Family Tetrablemmidae O. P.-Cambridge, 1873 – tetrablemmid spiders 
                            Family Tetragnathidae Menge, 1866 – longjawed orbweavers 
                            Family Theraphosidae Thorell, 1869 – tarantulas 
                            Family Theridiidae Sundevall, 1833 – cobweb weavers 
                            Family Theridiosomatidae Simon, 1881 – ray orbweavers 
                            Family Thomisidae Sundevall, 1833 – crab spiders 
                            Family Titanoecidae Lehtinen, 1967 – titanoecid spiders 
                            Family Trechaleidae Simon, 1890 – trechaleid spiders 
                            Family Trochanteriidae Karsch, 1879 – trochanteriid spiders 
                            Family Trogloraptoridae Griswold, Audisio & Ledford, 2012  
                            Family Uloboridae Thorell, 1869 – hackled orbweavers 
                            Family Zodariidae Thorell, 1881 – zodariid spiders 
                            Family Zoridae F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1893 – zorid spiders 
                            Family Zorocratidae Dahl, 1913 – zorocratid spiders 
                            Family Zoropsidae Bertkau, 1882 – zoropsid spiders 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for:    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CRIA-Brazil, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: aranhas[Portuguese]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Araneae, spiders [English]   
       
  Source: World Spider Catalog, Version 11.0, website (version 11.0)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Platnick, Norman I. 2011. The World Spider Catalog, v.11.0. American Museum of Natural History. Database built by Robert J. Raven from the files underlying the website at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/ DOI: 10.5531/db.iz.0001   
  Reference for: Araneae   
       
  Source: World Spider Catalog, Version 12.5, website (version 12.5)  
  Acquired: 2012   
  Notes: Platnick, Norman I. 2012. The World Spider Catalog, v.12.5. American Museum of Natural History, online at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/ DOI: 10.5531/db.iz.0001   
  Reference for: Araneae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Harvey, Mark S.  
  Publication Date: 2002   
  Article/Chapter Title: The neglected cousins: what do we know about the smaller arachnid orders?   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Journal of Arachnology, vol. 30, no. 2   
  Page(s): 357-372   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0160-8202   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Araneae   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Ruggiero, M. A., D. P. Gordon, T. M. Orrell, N. Bailly, T. Bourgoin, R. C. Brusca, et al.  
  Publication Date: 2015   
  Article/Chapter Title: Correction: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: PLoS ONE vol. 10, no. 6, e0130114   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1932-6203   
  Notes: Available online at http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0130114#sec001 ; Full authorship: Ruggiero, M. A., D. P. Gordon, T. M. Orrell, N. Bailly, T. Bourgoin, R. C. Brusca, T. Cavalier-Smith, M. D. Guiry, and P. M. Kirk   
  Reference for: Araneae   
       

 Geographic Information
       
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