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Eleutherodactylus  Duméril and Bibron, 1841
Taxonomic Serial No.: 173554

(Download Help) Eleutherodactylus TSN 173554

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Syrrhophus Cope, 1878
 
    Sminthillus Barbour and Noble, 1920
 
    Tomodactylus Günther, 1900
 
    Euhyas Fitzinger, 1843
 
    Epirhexis Cope, 1866
 
    Malachylodes Cope, 1879
 
    Syrrhopus Cope, 1878
 
    Syrrhaphus Cope, 1878
 
    Ladailadne Dubois, 1987
 
    Pelorius Hedges, 1989
 
    Schwartzius Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008
 
  Common Name(s): Coquis [English]
 
    Eleuths [English]
 
    Rainfrogs [English]
 
    Chirping Frogs [English]
 
    Robber Frogs [English]
 
    Rain Frogs [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2019   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassAmphibia  – amphibiens, anfíbio, Amphibians  
                         OrderAnura  – Frogs, perereca, rã, sapo, crapauds, grenouilles, Toads  
                            SuperfamilyBrachycephaloidea Günther, 1858  
                               FamilyEleutherodactylidae Lutz, 1954  
                                  SubfamilyEleutherodactylinae Lutz, 1954  
                                     GenusEleutherodactylus Duméril and Bibron, 1841 – Coquis, Eleuths, Rainfrogs, Chirping Frogs, Robber Frogs, Rain Frogs  
    Direct Children:  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus abbotti Cochran, 1923  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus acmonis Schwartz, 1960  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus adelus Díaz, Cádiz and Hedges, 2003  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus albipes Barbour and Shreve, 1937  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus albolabris (Taylor, 1943)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus alcoae Schwartz, 1971  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus alticola Lynn, 1937  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus amadeus Hedges, Thomas and Franz, 1987  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus amplinympha Kaiser, Green and Schmid, 1994  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus andrewsi Lynn, 1937  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus angustidigitorum (Taylor, 1940) – Rana-fisgona de Pátzcuaro 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus antillensis (Reinhardt and Lütken, 1863) – Antillean Frog, Antillean Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus aporostegus Schwartz, 1965  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus apostates Schwartz, 1973  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus armstrongi Noble and Hassler, 1933  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus atkinsi Dunn, 1925  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus audanti Cochran, 1934  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus auriculatoides Noble, 1923  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus auriculatus (Cope, 1862)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus bakeri Cochran, 1935  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus barlagnei Lynch, 1965  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus bartonsmithi Schwartz, 1960  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus beguei Díaz and Hedges, 2015  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus blairhedgesi Estrada, Díaz and Rodriguez, 1998  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus bothroboans Schwartz, 1965  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus bresslerae Schwartz, 1960  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus brevirostris Shreve, 1936  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus brittoni Schmidt, 1920 – Grass Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus campi (Stejneger, 1915)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus caribe Hedges and Thomas, 1992  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus casparii Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus cattus Rodriguez, Dugo-Cota, Montero-Mendieta, Gonzalez-Voyer, Alonso Bosch, Vences and Vilà, 2017  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus cavernicola Lynn, 1954  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus chlorophenax Schwartz, 1976  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus cochranae Grant, 1932 – Whistling Frog, Whistling Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus colimotl Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Jones and Boissinot, 2018  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus cooki Grant, 1932 – Rock Frog, Cook's Robber Frog, Rock Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus coqui Thomas, 1966 – Coqui, Common Coqui, Coquí 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus corona Hedges and Thomas, 1992  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus counouspeus Schwartz, 1964  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus cubanus Barbour, 1942  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus cundalli Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus cuneatus (Cope, 1862)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides (Cope, 1877) – Rana-chirriadora mexicana, Rio Grande Chirping Frog 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus darlingtoni Cochran, 1935  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus dennisi (Lynch, 1970) – Rana-chirriadora de Dennis 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus dilatus (Davis and Dixon, 1955) – Rana-fisgona guerrerense 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus dimidiatus (Cope, 1862)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus diplasius Schwartz, 1973  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus dolomedes Hedges and Thomas, 1992  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus eileenae Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus emiliae Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus eneidae Rivero, 1959 – Mottled Frog, Mottled Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus erendirae Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Jones and Boissinot, 2018  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus erythroproctus Schwartz, 1960  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus etheridgei Schwartz, 1958  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus eunaster Schwartz, 1973  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus feichtingeri Díaz, Hedges and Schmid, 2012  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus flavescens Noble, 1923  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus floresvillelai Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Jones and Boissinot, 2018  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus fowleri Schwartz, 1973  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus furcyensis Shreve and Williams, 1963  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus fuscus Lynn and Dent, 1943  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus geitonos Díaz, Incháustegui, Marte, Köhler, Cádiz and Rodríguez, 2018  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus glamyrus Estrada and Hedges, 1997  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus glandulifer Cochran, 1935  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus glanduliferoides Shreve, 1936  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus glaphycompus Schwartz, 1973  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus glaucoreius Schwartz and Fowler, 1973  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus goini Schwartz, 1960  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus gossei Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus grabhami Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus grahami Schwartz, 1979  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus grandis (Dixon, 1957) – Rana-fisgona mayor 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus greyi Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus griphus Crombie, 1986  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus grunwaldi Reyes-Velasco, Ahumada-Carrillo, Burkhardt and Devitt, 2015  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus gryllus Schmidt, 1920 – Cricket Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus guanahacabibes Estrada and Rodriguez, 1985  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus guantanamera Hedges, Estrada and Thomas, 1992  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus gundlachi Schmidt, 1920  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus guttilatus (Cope, 1879) – Rana-chirriadora punteada, Spotted Chirping Frog 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus haitianus Barbour, 1942  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus hedricki Rivero, 1963 – Tree-hole Frog, Tree-hole Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus heminota Shreve and Williams, 1963  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus hypostenor Schwartz, 1965  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus iberia Estrada and Hedges, 1996  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus inoptatus (Barbour, 1914)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus intermedius Barbour and Shreve, 1937  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus interorbitalis (Langebartel and Shannon, 1956) – Rana-chirriadora anteojuda 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus ionthus Schwartz, 1960  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus jaliscoensis Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Jones and Boissinot, 2018  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus jamaicensis Barbour, 1910  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus jasperi Drewry and Jones, 1976 – Golden Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus jaumei Estrada and Alonso, 1997  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus johnstonei Barbour, 1914  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus juanariveroi Rios-López and Thomas, 2007  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus jugans Cochran, 1937  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus junori Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus karlschmidti Grant, 1931 – Web-footed Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus klinikowskii Schwartz, 1959  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus lamprotes Schwartz, 1973  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus leberi Schwartz, 1965  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus lentus (Cope, 1862) – Mute Frog, Mute Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus leoncei Shreve and Williams, 1963  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus leprus (Cope, 1879) – Rana-chirriadora leprosa 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus ligiae Incháustegui, Díaz and Marte, 2015  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus limbatus (Cope, 1862)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus limbensis Lynn, 1958  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus locustus Schmidt, 1920 – Warty Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus longipes (Baird, 1859) – Rana-chirriadora de la Huasteca 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus lucioi Schwartz, 1980  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus luteolus (Gosse, 1851)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus maestrensis Díaz, Cádiz and Navarro, 2005  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus manantlanensis Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Jones and Boissinot, 2018  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus mariposa Hedges, Estrada and Thomas, 1992  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus marnockii (Cope, 1878) – Cliff Chirping Frog 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus martinicensis (Tschudi, 1838)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus maurus Hedges, 1989 – Rana-fisgona café 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus melacara Hedges, Estrada and Thomas, 1992  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus melatrigonum Schwartz, 1966  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus michaelschmidi Díaz, Cádiz and Navarro, 2007  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus minutus Noble, 1923  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus modestus (Taylor, 1942) – Rana-chirriadora dedos chatos 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus monensis (Meerwarth, 1901) – Mona Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus montanus Schmidt, 1919  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus neiba Incháustegui, Díaz and Marte, 2015  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus nietoi Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Jones and Boissinot, 2018  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus nitidus (Peters, 1870) – Rana-fisgona deslumbrante 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus nortoni Schwartz, 1976  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus notidodes Schwartz, 1966  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus nubicola Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus olibrus Schwartz, 1958  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus orarius (Dixon, 1957)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus orcutti Dunn, 1928  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus orientalis (Barbour and Shreve, 1937)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus oxyrhyncus (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus pallidus (Duellman, 1958) – Rana-chirriadora pálida 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus pantoni Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus parabates Schwartz, 1964  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus paralius Schwartz, 1976  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus parapelates Hedges and Thomas, 1987  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus patriciae Schwartz, 1965  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus paulsoni Schwartz, 1964  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus pentasyringos Schwartz and Fowler, 1973  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus pezopetrus Schwartz, 1960  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus pictissimus Cochran, 1935  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus pinarensis Dunn, 1926  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus pinchoni Schwartz, 1967  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus pipilans (Taylor, 1940) – Rana-chirriadora pipilo 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus pituinus Schwartz, 1965  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Cope, 1862) – Greenhouse Frog, Rana-ladrona de invernadero 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus poolei Cochran, 1938  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus portoricensis Schmidt, 1927 – Forest Coqui, Puerto Rican Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus principalis Estrada and Hedges, 1997  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus probolaeus Schwartz, 1965  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus rhodesi Schwartz, 1980  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus richmondi Stejneger, 1904 – Ground Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus ricordii (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus riparius Estrada and Hedges, 1998  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus rivularis Díaz, Estrada and Hedges, 2001  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus rogersi Goin, 1955  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus ronaldi Schwartz, 1960  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus rubrimaculatus (Taylor and Smith, 1945) – Rana-chirriadora puntos rojos 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus rucillensis Cochran, 1939  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus rufescens (Duellman and Dixon, 1959) – Rana-fisgona roja 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus rufifemoralis Noble and Hassler, 1933  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus ruthae Noble, 1923  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus saxatilis (Webb, 1962) – Rana-fisgona marmoleada 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus schmidti Noble, 1923  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus schwartzi Thomas, 1966 – Virgin Islands Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus sciagraphus Schwartz, 1973  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus semipalmatus Shreve, 1936  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus simulans Díaz and Fong, 2001  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus sisyphodemus Crombie, 1977  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus sommeri Schwartz, 1977  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus staurometopon Schwartz, 1960  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus symingtoni Schwartz, 1957  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus syristes (Hoyt, 1965) – Rana-fisgona flautera 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus teretistes (Duellman, 1958) – Rana-ladrona silbadora 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus tetajulia Estrada and Hedges, 1996  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus thomasi Schwartz, 1959  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus thorectes Hedges, 1988  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus toa Estrada and Hedges, 1991  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus tonyi Estrada and Hedges, 1997  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus turquinensis Barbour and Shreve, 1937  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus tychathrous Schwartz, 1965  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus unicolor Stejneger, 1904 – Burrowing Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus varians (Gundlach and Peters in Peters, 1864)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus varleyi Dunn, 1925  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus ventrilineatus (Shreve, 1936)  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus verrucipes (Cope, 1885) – Rana-chirrionera orejona 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus verruculatus (Peters, 1870) – Rana-chirrionera menor 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus warreni Schwartz, 1976  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus weinlandi Barbour, 1914  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus wetmorei Cochran, 1932  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus wightmanae Schmidt, 1920 – Wrinkled Coqui 
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus wixarika Reyes-Velasco, Ahumada-Carrillo, Burkhardt and Devitt, 2015  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus zeus Schwartz, 1958  
                                        Species Eleutherodactylus zugi Schwartz, 1958  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Eleutherodactylus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v6, database (version 6.0)  
  Acquired: 2019   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2019. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (12 September, 2019). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA   
  Reference for: Eleutherodactylus   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Eleutherodactylus   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Eleutherodactylus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Eleutherodactylus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2008   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular No. 37   
  Page(s): 1-84   
  Publisher: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-916984-74-5   
  Notes: Available free as a PDF at http://ssarherps.org/pages/HerpCommNames.php   
  Reference for: Eleutherodactylus, Rain Frogs [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 29   
  Page(s): iv + 82   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-916984-54-0   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Eleutherodactylus, Rainfrogs [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, K. de Queiroz, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 29   
  Page(s): iv + 82   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-916984-54-0   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Rainfrogs[English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Ronald M. Bonett, Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2017   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Eighth Ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 43   
  Page(s): 102   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-1-946681-003   
  Notes: Available free as PDF, and as updated database, at https://ssarherps.org/publications/north-american-checklist/   
  Reference for: Rainfrogs[English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Eleutherodactylus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Frost, Darrel R.  
  Publication Date: 1997   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Amphibian Species of the World, A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Second edition   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher: Electronic manuscript supplied by compiler   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, U.S.A.   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Eleutherodactylus   
       

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